Alejandro de Humboldt National Park

Photo provided by Marcel Staron

Alejandro de Humboldt National Park covers a range of ecosystems unparalleled in the insular Caribbean.

The karst landscape is crossected by many rivers. The park has a high biodiversity, with high numbers of endemic flora, and vertebrates and invertebrates.

The park lies in the eastern Cuban provinces of Holguín and Guantánamo. It was named after the German scientist Alexander von Humboldt who visited the island in 1800 and 1801.


Community Reviews

Martina Ruckova - November 2015

Visited in January 2013. The last part of our journey through Cuba was the historically first town on the island, Baracoa. It's the base from which you can easily get to the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park. There are plenty of options on how to visit this site, we chose to take part in a guided tour that included 4 hour long trek around the National park. The price was reasonable, the guide waits you in city centre with bus at hand. The only downside of the tour is getting there, as the road is very rickety indeed, you will have to endure an hour and half of being shaken to your core.

Once you get there, though, it's a different story: tropical flora everywhere around you, many trees and loads of greens that make even the heat of the day much more bearable. There are many curious examples of local fauna, such as tiny frog Iberica, wild hogs with their young piglets and large millipedes. Our guide was very entertaining and made sure we saw most of what could have been seen. The hike is an easy one, apart from first ascend you won't get much elevation. There's a gorgeous lake with a waterfall at the end of the hike, you get to enjoy a soak. Sensible shoes are a neccessity as the red clay on some parts of the trail gets extremely slippery and wet and some shallow river crossings are required.

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Site Info

Full name: Alejandro de Humboldt National Park

Site History

  • 2001 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
  • 2001 - Revision

    Successor to former TWHS NR of Terrestrial Molluscs (1997)
  • 1999 - Deferred

    Bureau - For new protection and boundary definition law


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  • Alejandro de Humboldt National Park


The site has 21 connections.


  • Carnivorous plants includes five species of carnivorous plants, one being the sole Cuban epiphyte Pinguicula lignicola (UNEP-WCMC)
  • Cloud forest 
  • Coral Coral reef
  • Critically endangered fauna species Cuban kite - "The current population is estimated 50 to 250 mature birds" (wiki)
  • Endemic Bird Species Of c24 endemic Cuban species around 12 can be found here
  • Lazarus species Cuban solenodon: By 1970, some thought the Cuban solenodon had become extinct, since no specimens had been found since 1890. Three were captured in 1974 and 1975, and subsequent surveys showed it still occurred in many places in central and western Oriente Province, at the eastern end of Cuba; however, it is rare everywhere. (Wiki)
  • Living Fossils rare large shrew-like insectivore Cuban solenodon Solenodon cubanus (EN), considered a living fossil (UNEP-WCMC)
  • Mangroves 
  • Notable examples of multiple speciation in one site Flora
  • Rainforests ranging from lowland rainforest between 200m and 400m, submontane rainforest to 600m, montane rainforest above 600m (UNEP-WCMC)
  • Siraneans In the marine sector there is a numerous colony of Caribbean manatee Trichechus manatus (UNEP-WCMC)

Human Activity

  • Maroonage During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries some peripheral places were used as refuges or camps by maroons. Wiki
  • Secret Locations During the XVIII and XIX Centuries, some peripheral places were used as shelter sites ("palenques") by runaway slaves. (EOEarth)


  • Miocene It was a Miocene-Pleistocene refuge site, particularly in the glacial eras, for the Caribbean biota (AB ev)


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