Lower German Limes (Netherlands)
Frontiers of the Roman Empire — The Lower German Limes (Netherlands) is part of the Tentative list of Netherlands in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.
The Dutch part of The Lower German Limes comprises 26 locations on the Roman frontier of the 2nd century AD along the river Rhine. Together with a string of sites in current Germany, it formed the north-eastern boundary of the Roman province of Germania Inferior. They include the traces of military fortifications, roads, settlements, an aqueduct and canals, often now buried in wetland. The long linear frontier made the Roman army adapt to the use of smaller military installations instead of big operational bases. The frontier was far from impregnable, and allowed for trade and cultural exchange.
Map of Lower German Limes (Netherlands)Load map
The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.
The Dutch T-List nomination for an extension of the Frontiers of the Roman Empire has come as a surprise to me:
a. The Advisory Committee had concluded in 2010 that there was no coordination between the provinces and cities along the former Roman frontier line in the Netherlands on this subject. So there was insufficient steering and power behind a possible nomination.
b. There is nothing left to see!
The Romans arrived around 15 B.C. in what is now The Netherlands, and stayed intermittently for some 300 years. They constructed a number of fortifications along the Rhine river. Roman objects have been found in the moist ground along the river, and sometimes they even have been fished from the water.
The Roman remains in the Netherlands have the obscurity of the Pile Dwellings in the Alps or the Struve Geodetic Arc. Except for a single stone or two, there's nothing to warrant a visit. Museum Het Valkhof in Nijmegen probably is the best option to get a feel of what impact the Romans had on the Netherlands. In October 2011 I spent about an hour there, enjoying the sometimes surprisingly precious objects. The photo attached for example is a decorated silver Roman beaker.
Visited the site and was not impressed...
I really wonder why this site is on the tentative list of Unesco World Heritage... Must say that the site is important to Dutch archaeology/history/heritage, but this site does not have a significance for world heritage. A backwater Roman settlement of which hardly anything remains?? The submission text claims "the remains ... are extremely well preserved"; for Dutch standards: yes. For European standards: NO!
Renomination as part of transnational site with Germany
2018 Added to Tentative List
Includes former TWHS Bunnik - Vechten / De Burg (1995) and Voorburg - Park Arentsburg / Forum Hadriani (1995)
The site has 26 locations