Map of Le noyau historique de la ville d'Alba JuliaLoad map
The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.
Alba was a Neolithic settlement, testimonies are vestiges of the Bronze Age. Later, in the Iron one, a primal-fortress rised, and after a Dacian settlement that remained in history under the name of Apoulon.
The colonization followed, with the Imperial settlements establishing the camp of the Gemina Legion, and thus appear the first forts (located on strategic routes) that form Apulum, shortly after the conquest.
It is the 13th legion, on the known edge of the Empire, so it deserves to advance its headquarters to the rank of Municipium ( Marcus Aurelius) and the laurels come during the time of Commodus, when the Colony is made.
In medieval times there is a document under the name of Bălgrad (etymological, „fence”).
The name Alba-Carolina is only of the eighteenth century, when it appears the fortified bastion, type "Vauban" - a style imposed by the great Eugene of Savoy. For the memory of the glorious times it is preserved on the frontispieces of the access gates the imperial grandeur.
It was the replica given by the Habsburgs to the Ottomans, the defensive systems in the area were protected including by bastions, and towers on the heights.
The most imposing (and the oldest in Transylvania) building inside the complex is the Catholic Cathedral. Dedicated to Saint Michael, built from the Roman castrum stone, it is an architectural mix - 1000 years old.
The interior became in time a royal necropolis of the Huniad family. Iancu de Hunedoara remained not only an emblematic figure of the fight for the defense of the Christian faith, but due to his victory, at 12 o'clock, all the bells of the Catholic world, - the Pope gave edict. The tomb-stone has 2 crowns (Romanian and Hungarian), because it is considered to be common to both nations.
On the other side is a proud chapel - here is King Sigismund and his queen Isabella, as well as other Transylvanian noble families.
Next to it is the new Cathedral of the Reunification, the Orthodox one, in which the royal couple of Romania - Ferdinand and Maria were crowned, whose grandiose representation on the interior walls of the cathedral is unmatched.
And to honor the union, on the passage hall there is also the symbolic image of the first union of the principalities: Mihai (the Brave) and his lady, Stanca.
The whole interior, as well as the inner courtyard, presents itself impeccably, overwhelms you and forces you to remember the great history of this country, because here the Great Romania had been made. By the 14th century the Palace of the Transylvanian Princes was erected, initially there it had been an episcopal headquarters.
It was reborn, as no other construction of the place had been seen, but the beauty was a new cause of destruction, this time under the Ottomans.
In the relatively central area the ruins of the Roman fortress are well preserved. The remains of the glory road formerly on the one hand, beyond the castle at some difference of level, but also a multitude of statues recovered in time.
Behind it is the Apor Palace, now used as the headquarters of the University management, a beautiful building, with interior stairs and a decorated courtyard, erected by the care of Count Stefan Apor, a Transylvanian nobleman, with architecture specific to the seventeenth century.
In line is the Bathyaneum Library, the building being designed around 1700 as a Trinitarian church. In time it was a crypt, but also a military hospital. Even an astronomical observer, but the final role was to host an impressive and very valuable collection of original manuscripts or early prints.
For a complete picture, a visit to the History Museum and even an entrance to the Great Hall of the Union is required.
Read more from Lisu Marian here.
1991 Added to Tentative List
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