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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Bulwarked Fortifications of the "Raia" (Border)

Bulwarked Fortifications of the "Raia" (Border) is part of the Tentative list of Portugal in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.

Click here for a short description of the site, as delivered by the state party.



  • Tentative

The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.

Community Reviews

Wojciech Fedoruk Poland - 09-Jul-17

Bulwarked Fortifications of the "Raia" (Border)  (T) by Wojciech Fedoruk

This site contains four fortified places on the Spanish-Portuguese border. Most of them were built in XVIth century or after. Out of four location of this proposal, one is already on the main list (Elvas), so if the whole proposal is inscribed in this shape, for most it would be an easy tick. We managed to visit another one – stronghold of Almeida and it was one of our biggest surprises in this marvellous country.

What stroke us the most is that the stronghold remained practically untouched for more than four centuries, despite the fact that there is still a living town inside. It means that the town can be accessed through several, quite narrow, historical gates. Stronghold walls, moans, ramparts are in the excellent condition and are really picturesque. Of course it all caused relative closure of the town and favored petrification of its architecture. Almeida is one of the nicest small towns we visited. I have never seen a complete fortified town like this and I think it justifies OUV of the proposal.

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Site Info

Site History

  • 2017 - Revision Includes part of former TWHS Town of Marvao and the craggy mountain on which it is located (2000)
  • 2017 - Revision includes Conjunto fortificado de Pamplona
  • 2017 - Added to Tentative List 
  • 2006 - Requested by State Party to not be examined As Town of Marvao and the craggy mountain on which it is located

In the News


The site has 4 locations.

  • Border Garrison Town of Elvas
  • Fortress of Marvão
  • Fortress of Valença
  • Stronghold of Almeida