The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads

The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads is part of the Tentative list of China in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.

Click here for a short description of the site, as delivered by the state party.

Map of The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads

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The coordinates shown for all tentative sites were produced as a community effort. They are not official and may change on inscription.

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Nan

Germany - 28-Oct-20 -

The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads (T) by Nan

Xi'an is a culturally rich city. Being one of the prime cities of China and a former imperial capital it was part of the great trade network of the Silk Road. Indeed, it already holds four components of the existing Silk Road WHS: the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda, the Daming Palace, and the Weiyang Palace. 

The original Silk Road world heritage site ended a little bit east of Xi'an, around another former imperial capital, Luoyang. The two new tentative sites seem to cover two types of sites:

  1. Sites missing from the original Silk Roads world heritage site.
  2. Coastal sites in China.

I visited the Xi'an Mosque and I would clearly place it as a site that should have been included in the existing WHS with the other Xi'an locations. In China, it's the third oldest mosque. And it's not that much younger than the oldest mosques in the world. The fact you find a mosque in China dating back back to 742 CE shows the strength of the trade network. The building has both the features of a mosque as well as the layout of a Chinese temple. My photo should give you an impression.

Unfortunately, I missed several components along my visit to China:

  • As a day trip I travelled to Luoyang but focussed on the Longmen Grottoes and Dengfeng. I did not have time to visit either the inscribed as well as the potential Silk Road sites apart from Longmen. Luoyang, to me, would fall into the extension category.
  • On a previous trip, I visited Guangzhou and missed the sites in town. The oldest mosques in China are both located in Guangzhou and they supposedly date back to 620s CE. I write supposedly, as I recently have read up a bit on the revisionist school of Islamic studies. The sites around Guangzhou as well as Quanzhou and Ningpo would fall into the coastal sites for me.

OUV

As stated in my Xi'an Walls review, Xi'an Imperial City should be a world heritage site. The Silk Road nomination feels like an unnecessary consolidation price for what is a great site on its own.

I would also approve of an Early China Mosque sites combining Guangzhou and Xi'an. I am not convinced, though, of creating yet another Silk Road serial site.

Disclaimer

This post is posted for two tentative sites. The Chinese have managed to create two distinct Silk Road tentative sites. Both seem to be nominated for 2022, though, so I assume they will be merged eventually. Lucky me, Xi'an Mosque is included in both.


Full Name
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads
Country
China
Added
2016
Link
By ID
2016 Added to Tentative List

The site has 63 locations

The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Dagoba of Kumarajiva (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Daqin Monastery Pagoda (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Xi'an Mosque (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Qian Imperial Mausoleum (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Zhao Imperial Mausoleum (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: The Underground Chamber of Famen Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Mao Imperial Mausoleum of Han Dynasty and Tomb of Huo Qubing (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Gongyi Stone Cave Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: White Horse Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Guoyuan-Xincheng Tomb Complex (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Yulin Grottoes (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Shuiliandong (Water Curtain Cave) Grottoes — Lashao Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Great Buddha Temple in Zhangye (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Camel City Site and Tomb Complex (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Mati Temple Grottoes - Jiata Temple and Qianfo (thousand Buddhas) Cave (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Taizang Tower (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Bezeklik Grottoes (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Toyuk Grottoes (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Kumtula Grottoes (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Bedel Pass (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Simsem Grottoes (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Mehmud Qeshqeri Tomb (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Ancient City of Loulan (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Niva Site (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Historic City of Guyuan (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Cemetery of Northern Dynasties and Sui and Tangy Dynasty in Guyuan (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of Kaicheng (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Mount Xumi Grottoes (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Reshui Tomb Complex (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Ancient Path of Mountain Riy ue (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of the old Xihai Prefecture (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of old Fusi City (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Liusheng Pagoda (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Wanshou Pagoda (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Stone Inscriptions at Mount Jiuri (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Kiln Site of Cizao at Mount Jinjiaoyi (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tin Hau Temple and Site of Deji Gate (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Kaiyuan Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Qingjing Mosque (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Stone Carving of Mani at Cao'an Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Islamic Tombs (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Luoyang Bridge (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Zhenwu Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Maritime Market of Tukeng Village at Quan Harbor (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Kiln Site of Dehua (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Primary Temple of Mazu at Meizhou (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tin Hau Ancestral Temple at Xianliang Harbor (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of Yue Harbor (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Kiln Site of Nansheng (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Baoguo Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of Yongfeng Warehouse (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Asoka Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tiantong Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Nanhai Temple and Site of Dock (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Guangxiao Temple (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Minaret of Huaisheng Mosque (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tomb of Ancient Islamic Savant (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Shangchuan Commerce Island (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of Nanhai I Shipwreck (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Site of Longjiang Shipyard (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tomb of the Boni King (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tomb of Zhenghe (T)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads: Tomb of Hongbao (T)
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