Val d'Orcia

Val d'Orcia

The Val d'Orcia is a cultural landscape made out of farmlands and fortified villages on hilltops.

The landscape as it unfolds nowadays was created by wealthy Siennese merchants in the 14th and 15th centuries. The farms cultivate mainly grains, vines and olives. Rows of cypresses are also a distinctive sight.

The beauty of the area inspired Renaissance painters and early travellers on the Grand Tour alike.

ICOMOS only had meagre praise for this site when it evaluated inscription as a WHS. Not enough detail and no comparisons were supplied by the Italians. There's also the issue of the City of Pienza, which is considered to be a key part of the Val d'Orcia but was already a WHS in its own right. Both sites should be combined into one.

Map of Val d'Orcia

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Visit February 2009

Although the landscape is pretty enough and quintessential Tuscan, this is a poor WHS. It has hills, olive trees and rows of cypresses. And there are still a lot of monumental farms around, although most of them seem to have been turned into Bed&Breakfasts.

February 2009

My choice of sites to visit in this valley was limited because it was a Monday, the day that almost all sites in Italy that have paid access shut down. So no castles, monasteries, baths or mills for me. I just drove around a bit, taking some lesser roads, on my way to Orvieto (on the Tentative List, see separate review).

February 2009

My first stop was at Castiglione d'Orcia. This town looks glued to the rocky hill where its built at. There are some nice old stone houses, and narrow streets to lose your way in. Closeby is Rocca d'Orcia, one of the most characteristic fortresses that adorn the hills in the Val d'Orcia.

Along the way there are also frequent signs pointing out the pilgrim's way Via Francigena. I think I encountered one pilgrim: an older man with walking sticks, braving the cold wind but well covered up in rain gear.

February 2009


Community Reviews

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Czechia - 19-Oct-19 -

Val d'Orcia by Matejicek

I visited this cultural landscape at least three-times during last ten years. As usually for cultural landscapes, it is quite difficult to recognize its OUV - actually, I need to read the ICOMOS evaluation report three-times to understand at least partly... The weirdest point is that the OUV of Val d`Orcia is expressed by another separate WHS - Pienza and by TWHS via Francigena. If I ingnore these political and rather artificial issues, I must say that I really enjoyed all my contacts with this site. Mostly, I simply crossed it by car or bus. I think that in this case it is OK, and one can recognize the qualities of the site even during the car tourism. The landscape is picturesque and different if compared with the neighbours such as Lazio. Hovewer, it has similar aspects as other landscapes in Tuscany and Umbria (La Crete between Siena and Asciano, Chianty etc.)

The sites that I explored by "getting out of the car" were Pienza (separate WHS with my review), Abbey of S Antimo with beautiful romanesque church and wonderful landscape around (PHOTO), and Bagni San Filippo (outdoor thermal baths!!!). I also enjoyed views towards Val d`Orcia from Montepulciano.

Even if it requires some effort to recognize and understand its qualities, it deserves the WHS status.


Germany - 05-Apr-18 -

Val d'Orcia by Nan

Coming in a few weeks later than Fredrik I faced neither snow nor cold. And at least in the morning when I departed from San Quirico the weather was great for a hike. I followed the historic Via Francigena from San Quirico to Bagno Vignoni with a stop at Vignoni and got great views of Ripa d'Orcia and Rocca d'Orcia. San Quirico itself is nice with it's cobble stone streets.

Only after I had left Bagno Vignoni and found myself stuck half way between Bagno Vignoni and Pienza with no village or shelter in between, did I notice the dark clouds forming to the North. They made for an excellent backdrop for my pictures. But after checking the wind direction, I knew what was coming my way. The plain Tuscan landscape may seem picturesque if the sun is shining. With heavy rains pouring down and me looking anxiously for any form of cover, some less barrenness would have helped. Lucky me, it wasn't that cold and my pants dried quickly when the clouds had passed.

The hike itself was really nice, disregarding the frequent times I had to walk on the road. I got to see both the rather mountaineous side of the Val d'Orcia as well as the more hilly parts around Pienza. The area offers plenty more hiking opportunities and I really feel that this is the best way to experience it.

The frequent complaint brought forward by community members is that site is redundant with Pienza already inscribed previously. While I agree that this should be one site, not two, I feel that the Val d'Orcia inscription is the worthier one. It's such a great landscape with castles and towns dotting it. To me Pienza is just a special one of those.

Getting There

Arriving on the weekend (Saturday) my transport options were fairly limited. I settled on an early morning bus from Siena / Buonconvento to San Quirico and hiked from there via Bagno Vignoni to Pienza.

From Pienza I took a bus to Montepulciano, then another bus to Chiusi, and a third bus to Perugia where I stayed for the night on my way to Assisi.


Italians seem to despise side walks. I had to walk on the road for several kilometers, not the most pleasant experience. In addition, one trail came to an abrupt stop at the Orcia river; my assumption was that the trail had been washed away.

Frederik Dawson

Netherlands - 28-Mar-18 -

Val d'Orcia by Frederik Dawson

The effect from “Beast from the East” made my whole week of Italian trip on the Adriatic side of the Apennine to be miserably cold and wet, but when I crossed the Apennine to Tuscany, I was blessed with warmer temperature and some occasionally shower rain. Initially I was really happy that such kind of weather normally will create a wonderful mist in the morning, a perfect moment for photographers to make landscape photo for rolling hills of Val d’Orcia. However, when I reach Val d’Orcia area, heavy rain welcomed me, so heavy that I could not see anything except the road. I had no choice but to change my plan and directly went to Pienza. The rains continued until lunchtime and finally stopped at 2 PM, but even no rain, the sky was cloudy and rarely had sunshine, a worst element for photographing.

I drove out to San Quirico d’ Orcia from Pienza, along the way there were two famous spots for shooting photo. The first one was at the entrance road to Agriturismo Podorino B&B, the stunning view of Chapel Vitaleta on green hill from here was so lovely. Another spot was the behind the grove of trees near the bus stop before Ristorante La Taverna Del Barbarossa. From here was where the famous photo of Podere Belevede which become an iconic image of lonely mansion in Tuscany made. The view was great but because of cloudy sky I was really disappointed. After that I shortly drove to see the much photographed Cipressi di San Quirico d'Orcia, a group of cypress trees on the green hill, the spot was really nice and because it was located next to the main highway to Siena, it was easy to understand why this place was quite well known, it even has small parking area just for quick snap. Then I drove south back to San Quirico d’ Orcia and continued to small village of Bagno Vignoni, on the small provincial road of SP 323 there was a spot to take the photo of famous rows of cypresses of Farmhouse Poggio Covili. I ended my Val d’Orcia trip at the white cascade of hot spring at Bagni San Filippo.

Val d’Orcia, in my opinion, was the beautiful landscape of Italy, the color of soil did help the effect of brilliant color of fields, and farming landscape was also almost perfect for photography that was something that not a work of nature but well planned human design. I really enjoyed my time here and really appreciated the beauty of this manmade landscape even though it could not be considered as unique in my idea. To be honest I did not care much on Val d’Orcia’s outstanding universal value that made it to be World Heritage Site, for me this place is a great place for photography for ideal images of Tuscany and one of many must see of Italy.      



Japan / USA / Europe - 26-Jan-17 -

Val d'Orcia by Tsunami

I've visited several villages in Val d'Orcia WHS as recently as last year, but my favorite is Bagno Vignoni, which I visited in 1997.

This village is known in Italy today for its high-end spa, but it was also the main setting for the Russian cinematic giant Andrei Tarkovsky's masterpiece Nostalgia (1983).

Nostalgia was directed by Tarkovsky but was written by him and Tonino Guerra, perhaps the world's finest screen writer of his generation and one of the top Italian poets, who took Tarkovsky around Italy for location hunting for the movie.

This photo of the main square of the village, which is filled with water from a nearby hot spring, was taken by me 20 years ago and has been converted to a digital photo.

It was prohibited to get in the water when I was there, but people had supposedly gathered in the water to chitchat for centuries, as you can see in Nostalgia, just like they have been doing so at any other squares in Europe.

The water at the square was consequently used as a metaphor for human condition to a devastating effect in the movie.

Apparently, Val d'Orcia inspires artists even today.


Malta - 25-Aug-13 -

Val d'Orcia by Clyde

I visited this WHS in August 2013 and decided to take it easy to be able to enjoy the panoramic views, tiny villages, wineries and good food. I decided to base myself in San Quirico d'Orcia which is central to most interesting sites in the valley. I visited several places such as Castiglione d'Orcia, Rocca d'Orcia, Montalcino, Monticchiello, Montepulciano, La Foce, Chianciano Terme, Bagno Vignoni, Bagni San Filippo, etc. There is truly something for everyone here: food, wine, medievil cities, churches, art, thermal baths, hiking, photogenic landscapes, etc. I used to think that this WHS is rather redundant since Pienza is already inscribed on its own but I have come to think that it really deserves its status as a WHS and it really has an OUV if only you give it enough time to impress!

John booth

New Zealand - 15-Sep-11 -

Val d'Orcia by john booth

A large area of rural Tuscany, the Val d'Orcia boasts endless vinyards and olive groves spread over an undulating landscape.

A comfortable way of seeing this area is to take the Treno Natura from Siena on one of its periodic perigrinations - mostly on spring and autumn weekends. At other times the nearest station is at Buonconvento. From here I took buses to Montalcino and to Pienza. From both of these hilltop towns there are extensive views over the landscape.


UK -

The Val d'Orcia is about two things for me: beautiful vistas and delicious wines. Staying with friends in a villa outside Siena in May 2004, I had ample opportunity to sample both. The roads in this part of Tuscany provide the archetypal imagery that has made the province famous, and the wines of Montalcino and Montepulciano are experiences in themselves.

Site Info

Full Name
Val d'Orcia
Unesco ID
4 6
Cultural Landscape - Associative

Site History

2004 Inscribed


The site has 1 locations

Val d'Orcia


Community Members have visited.

A. Mehmet Haksever AYB Afshin Iranpour Aitia Albarbella Alberto Peterle Alessandro Votta Alex Pflugfelder Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Alliosoncita La unica Peruchita Altacyr Andrea & Uwe Zimmermann Argo Artworks Aspasia Atcardamone Atila Ege AustralLights Bin Bob Finnie Brigitte Huber Butterflybird Caligari Carlo.bergonzini Cezar Grozavu Chenboada Chenqtao Cheryl Christian Ochse Christravelblog Claire Bradshaw Cluckily Clyde Cobaltrage Craig Harder Cristina Erba Cyba DL Dachangjin3 Dan Pettigrew Daniel Gabi Daniela Hohmann David Aaronson & Melanie Stowell David Berlanda David Marton Dean Swift Dgjohansson Dibro Dimitar Krastev Dimitrios Polychronopoulos Dorejd DuSilo Elia Vettorato Els Slots Enrico Cerrini Enrique Clemente Erik Jelinek Fabi-ddorf Fan Yibo Fmannucci Frederik Dawson Fredrik Tjøgersen G. ingraham G.L. Ingraham Geo George Evangelou George Gdanski Gernot Gi Gianmarco Gooseta2 Grimloch Hadrianus Happyrini HaraldOest Hdimoshi Homadism Hubert Iain Jackson Ilya Burlak Inigo Cia Ivan Rucek Jakob Frenzel Janina Lehmann Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jarrod_Byham Jennbadgley Jens Jesse S 2010 Jezza Joachim Nölte-Baumann Joel Baldwin John booth Jon Eshuijs Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jose Antonio Collar Judith Tanner Julianna Lees Jun Jun Zhou Junwang111 Juropa Kbtwhs Kelly Henry Keqi LKERPS LaVale Lamelas Lara Adler Leontine Helleman Lidb93 Lidiane Linda Sereno Lorenzo Mejino Luca Molinari Luigi Tura Luis Filipe Gaspar MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Malgorzata Kopczynska Marcel staron Mariaana Nelimarkka Marie Morlon Martina Ruckova Matejicek Mateusz Maureen Benefield Mauro Martino Małgosia Łupicka Michael Turtle Michal Marciniak Mikko Mitsidis72 Monica Tasciotti Mtlmr Naim Y Nan Nihal Ege Nmocosta Nmocosta79 Parrot Patphilly Patrick Matgen Patrik Paul Schofield Peter Lööv PeterH Petteri Philipp Philipp Peterer Ralf Regele Randi Thomsen Rica Duchateau Riccardo Quaranta Robin Frank Roel Sterken Roger Ourset Rom Roman Koeln Ronaldo Michels Rottenegg Rudegirl Sabrina Liebehentschel Schnitzel Seadie Sergio Arjona Shandos Cleaver SirLoydd Solivagant Squiffy Stanislaw Warwas Stefan and Mia Stefania Giudice Stephanv Stephanvermeulen Stephen Brooker Stetrab Svein Elias Svermeulen Szabo Viktoria Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tarquinio_Superbo Thibault Magnien Thomas Buechler Thomas van der Walt Tjagmax Tom Flaten Tomas.zaruba Tonisan Tony0001 Traveling Girl Truls Brekke Tsunami ValiaVeweth Vanessa Buechler Vlad Lesnikov WILLIAM RICH Walter Walter H. Werner Huber Willem van Altena William Quan Wojciech Fedoruk Wolfgang Hlousa WolfgangHl Xiong Wei Zen Zeng Zlatko Rihter Zoë Sheng