Red Fort

Red Fort

The Red Fort Complex is considered the final flourishing of Mughal architecture, combining Islamic, Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditions.

It was built in the mid-17th century, and became a symbol of power of Mughal emperor Shahjahan. It was the palace of his, Shahjahanabad. He moved his capital from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign, and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests.

After 1857 the site was used as the headquarters of the British Indian Army. They introduced new colonial-style buildings and functions over the earlier Mughal structures. It was also the place where Indian independence was first celebrated, and is still celebrated today.

The Complex consists of:

Red Fort, with:

  • Walls, bastions and gates
  • Chhatta Chowk, palace market
  • Naubat Khana or Naqqarkhana Drum House
  • Diwan-i-Am, Hall of Public Audience
  • Palace pavilions and the Nah-i-Bihisht, Stream of Paradise
  • Diwan-i-Khas, Hall of Private Audience
  • Hammam Baths
  • Moti Masjid, Pearl Mosque
  • Hayat-Baksh Bagh, Lifegiving Garden
  • British period buildings

Salimgarh Fort (an older fort, connected to the Red Fort by a bridge).

Map of Red Fort

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Visit February 2011

Forts are among my least favourite WHS, and this one is no exception. To do it justice I have to say that it is much more than a fortress - It reminded me of the Forbidden City, with its endless rows of gates and audience halls, built to impress.

February 2011

The more interesting structures are at the back of the complex, after you have suffered the queue at the security gate (well, not much of it at the Ladies entrance) and the souvenir stalls at Chhatta Chowk. These structures at the back are all made out of white marble. I especially liked the Hammam.

February 2011

I arrived here with Delhi's Hop on Hop off Bus - an easy way to reach all 3 Delhi WHS in one day. At least - that's what I thought until I learned that the full circuit takes 4 hours to complete. And that is only the bus ride, sight visits of about 1 - 2 hours not included. So after Qutb Minar, Jantar Mantar and the Red Fort I decided to stop my efforts and returned "home" effortlessy by metro.

February 2011


Community Reviews

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Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Red Fort by Clyde

This WHS is very similar to the red Agra Fort and could be quite confusing to discern when trying to recall both experiences. However, the Red Fort in Delhi is truly a national and worldwide heritage site and encloses several buildings, palaces, courtyards and gardens within its walls. I visited this WHS in January 2012.

I have been to the Red Fort Complex myself and it can be very crowded in the evening there are quite little shops before entering the real Red fort complex. The Red Fort complex is extreamly similar to the Agra Fort in Agra. The fee for entering the Red Fort is 100 Rupees for adults and children are free.

Christer Sundberg

Sweden -

Red Fort by Christer Sundberg

Lal Qila – The Red Fort – with its mighty red walls that extends for over 2 km is for sure the most important and majestic of all sights in Dehli. Construction was begun in 1638 by the mighty Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and was completed 10 years later.

With its gates, palaces, bazaars, gardens, fountains and pavilions its and eloquent reminder of the glory of the Mugal era and its magnificence simply leaves one awestruck. It’s a calm haven of peace which helps one to break away from noisy and busy life outside the walls of the Fort, and transports the visitor to another realm of existence.

And after having dreamt yourself away to another age and time you can return to the present at the little Tea House, were you quickly realize that you’ve been taken for a ride when receiving the bill..!

Site Info

Full Name
The Red Fort complex
Unesco ID
2 3 6
Secular structure - Military and Fortifications

Site History

2007 Inscribed

1993 Referred

Bureau - Better nomination documentation etc required


The site has 1 locations

Red Fort


The site has

Individual People
Religion and Belief
WHS Hotspots
World Heritage Process


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A. Mehmet Haksever AC Aanusha Afshin Iranpour Airpunk Alberto Rodriguez Gutierrez Alex Pflugfelder Alexander Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alexander Parsons Alexfangel Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Alfredchu Ali Zingstra Alliosoncita La unica Peruchita Amohanty Andrew Wembridge Andyng-site Angela Vandyck Anna Sunesson Anna Wludarska Annalett Swanepoel Antlane Anuradha Goyal Arianna Artur Anuszewski Arw456 Atila Ege BH Bag-packer-family Bas Bergecn Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero Bin Bob Parda Boj Bram de Bruin Brigitte Huber Buzz CH Carlo Medina Carlo Sarion Carlos Garrido Caroline Jones Carolinerowe25 Catherine Rankine Chen Taotao ChenMing Cheryl Chris Law Christer Sundberg Christine Swanson Cindy Casey Claire Bradshaw Claire Taylor Claire Whiteley ClaireWhiteley Clem C Clyde Colin Corbomite Corinne Vail Craig Harder Cyba Daniel Gabi Dasexps David Gee David Marton Dean Swift Deborah Caster Delpupp Diggy Dimitar Krastev Donald M Parrish Jr Donia Drinkteatravel DuSilo Duesi73 Eleonora Elisabeth Fransisca Situmorang Els Slots Eric Lorentz Eric Lurio Eric PK Erik Jelinek Everlien F Robert FGKJR1492X Fan Yibo Faruk BUDAK Fedekiwi Felicite Fairer-Wessels Fernweh Filip Murlak Fmannucci Francky D'Hoop Frank Frederik Dawson Gagan Gill Garrett Gary Arndt Garyrjtaylor Ge zhang Geert Luiken George Evangelou Gernot Gianmarco Gill Colman Gisella Gopal Greg Troy Grzegorz Andruszkiewicz Guillaume Gustavo Leit HE SHAOMIN Hadrianus Hamid Handballrama Hanming Hannes Muehlbacher Harald T. Houqian Howard Brayer Howe Siang Tan Hrishikesh Htupaz Hurrvinek Hyoga IC Iain Jackson Ian Coldwell Ibonez Iwilliams J Mitchell Jacob Choi Jacob Otten Jai Bharathi Janis Janmoch Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jason and Corrinna Javier Coro Jean Lecaillon Jean-Philippe Platroz JeanK Jeanne OGrady Jeffrey Chai Ran Jennifer Prout Jezza Jiangliu bian Joachim Nölte-Baumann Joel Baldwin JohanneB John Green John Smaranda John Westray John booth Johnson Zhao Join-our-journeys Jonathanliao Jordi Martinez Jos Schmitz Jose Josie Borst Joy Bose Joyce van Soest Jtb105 Judit Dalla Judith Tanner JudyWalsh Julianna Lees Julirose Gonzales Junwang111 Juropa Justinawallace Karen Kunzel Karen M. Karl Grossner Keith90245 Kelly Henry Keqi Kevin Knight Kevin Wang Kinstell Klaus Bondar Knomadc Koen Vliegenthart LaVale Lale Eralp Turkey Lara Adler Lars Jensen Lauren Leontine Helleman Lichia Lindsay Hasluck Liu tuo Liuhua LonelyCanopy Longdutch Loratodorova Lorenzo Mejino Lucio Gorla Ludvan Luis Filipe Gaspar Luke LOU MHasuly MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Mahuhe Malgorzata Kopczynska Maltishah100 Manuel Francis V Marcel staron Marcobrey Marius Marlies van Wolfswinkel Marton Kemeny Maryhattie Massimiliano croce Mateusz Matthew Harris Matthewsharris Mauro Martino Michal Kozok Michal Marciniak Michelle.has.murphy Miguel Gallego Miguel Marchi Mikael Zhang Mikek Mikko Milan Jirasek Miles Hu Mitsidis72 Mnikish730 Monchan5396 Monica Tasciotti Monxton Morodhi Myra Lynn Gilig N273235s NG Naim Y Nan Nej153 Nihal Ege Nomad99 Okke Olli-Pekka Turunen PabloNorte Pang Liang Fong Pascal Cauliez Patrick Matgen Patrik Paul Hilder Paul Schofield Peltzi Peter Day Peter mathews PeterA Petteri Philipp Philipp Peterer PhotographyBar Pieter Dijkshoorn Pillaus Piotr Prasadsawant Qin Xie Qqalexqq Rahul Rathi Ralf Regele Randi Thomsen Ravishankar Reza Ri Riccardo Quaranta Richard Stone Riomussafer Ritesh Prasad Rob Wilson Robin Frank Rochelle Angus Roger Ourset Roger Wall Roland Ronald Lange Rswood Ryan09sb S1m0n3t4 SHIHE HUANG Sabariah Sachin SaoDies Satyajit kkanekahn Saxondean Sergio Arjona Seudy Shandos Cleaver Shaun Ankers Socon Solivagant Stanislaw Warwas SteO153 Stephanv Stephanvermeulen Stephen Brooker Stephen S. Kamin Steve Newcomer Steve Preddy Strogan Su Yen Chen Sue hayton Sujan Kumar Super-Sophie Sutul Svein Elias Svermeulen Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tammy Gouldstone Teresa J. Wilkin Tevity The Salmons Thomas Buechler Thomas Kunz Thomas cahalan Thomas van der Walt Timallen Timonator Timothy C Easton Tjark Tom Wong Tonioto Tony0001 Toya HornHoward Travelindan Travelure Travtasy Trevni Truls Brekke Urs Vanessacmc Vernon Prieto Vicente B. Avanzado Jr. Voyager WHS Lux Walter H. Wang Qin Watkinstravel Werner Huber William Quan Wolfgang Hlousa Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Wouter Xiquinho Silva YAO WEI Yorch Yuri Samozvanov Zen Zeng Zhang xiaozhong Zhao, hui Zos M Zoë Sheng