Great Wall

Great Wall

The Great Wall is a masterpiece of construction of ancient China that has also high symbolic value.

The stone and earthen fortifications in northern China were built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups. The wall stretches for 8,800km and spans 17 Chinese provinces.

Several walls have been built since the 5th century BC that are referred to collectively as the Great Wall, which has been rebuilt and maintained from the 5th century BC through the 16th century. One of the most famous is the wall built between 220-206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains; the majority of the existing wall was built during the Ming Dynasty.

Unesco stated that it is "virtually impossible" to guarantee the perfect preservation of the whole length of the wall. The conservation is focused on the following parts:

  • Badaling section, a 7 km popular stretch
  • Jiayuguan Pass, the starting point of the western section of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty
  • Shanhaiguan, 26km of the northern wall until it meets the sea

Map of Great Wall

Load map

Visit April 2004, November 2007

I visited the Great Wall of China on two occasions: first in 2004 near Beijing and the second time in 2007 near Dunhuang in Gansu Province.

To make the first trip, I joined one of the daily 50 yuan tours that start from Qianmen. The guide started chattering (in Chinese of course) right from the start, and didn't stop for the first hour (without breathing, was my impression). Besides me, our group consisted of mainly male Chinese daytrippers. That gave them some interesting photomaterial - themselves and me on various parts of the Wall.

April 2004, November 2007

Our first Wall-stop was at Juyongguan. I was really happy when I got off the bus: so this is it! One of the most exciting moments in a travellers life. First impression: it's really very steep to walk to one of the watchtowers. And it's a really strange feeling to stand here: like the Taj Mahal, you're so familiar with its looks that you don't know what to think of it.

The other stop was at the infamous Badaling-site. Here it's all quite touristy, but not too bad this time of year. They also have a Great Wall-museum where they exhibit (among other not too interesting stuff) the Unesco World Heritage inscription document.

April 2004, November 2007

A very different experience is visiting one of the wall sections in the outer provinces. There are a few of them in Gansu. On a cold November morning I headed out for the Yumen-pass. Close to that monument of Silk Route fame is a stretch of the Great Wall dating from the Han dynasty. Desert, desert is about the only thing you see here for hundreds of kilometers. And then there's the outline of a wall and a beacon tower. The wall here was made of loess and reed, which has preserved well.

April 2004, November 2007


Community Reviews

Write a review

Michael Turtle

Australia - 06-Nov-16 -

Great Wall by Michael Turtle

The Great Wall of China is obviously one of the most impressive landmarks ever built by man. But there are lots of ways to visit it and the quality of the experience will vary a lot.

Accessing the wall from Beijing, Badaling is the easiest section but it's also the most crowded. Expect a typical tourist experience. I prefer Jinshanling which is also relatively easy to get to but has a few less tourists because some of the bits are quite hard to climb.

What I would really like to do next time is go much further from Beijing to some sections that get only a few visitors.

Read more from Michael Turtle here.

Tom Livesey

United Kingdom - 04-May-16 -

I walked on the Great Wall in December 2010. Beijing's bitter winter made it a memorably cold WHS visit - indeed it is joint coldest in my mind with Denmark's Kronborg Castle, which I visited in a more recent winter. The thing that surprised me the most was just how steep the wall is. I checked-in at the tourist-heavy entrance at Badaling, though in the winter it wasn't overly busy at all. It’s about 90 minutes drive outside of Beijing, and a real contrast to the densely-packed, smog-choked metropolis.

Read more from Tom Livesey here.


Hong Kong - 21-Aug-15 -

Contact: tylech[AT]

I actually visited any part of China north of the Yangtze River the first time only March 2015. I went to Great Wall first, before city sites in Beijing. The section I went to is Jinshanling ( Welcome to check the official web site and my photos to determine if you feel like making this where your first experience the Great Wall.

Read more from Ziyang here.

Kyle Magnuson

California - United States of America - 05-Apr-15 -

Great Wall by Kyle Magnuson

I've visited the Great Wall on 3 separate occasions. Two visits to Badaling, and one visit to Huanghuacheng. While Badaling is the "tourist wall" it is undoubtedly stunning, particularly if its not filled with people. (weekdays/no holidays, etc.) Huanghuacheng is something altogether different. When I visited in 2007, this portion of the wall was half ruined and after 3-4 hours of hiking the wall, I came across less than 10 people. The degree of incline at this section of the wall is something to marvel at, indeed on a couple occasions I had to practically crawl. While Badaling provided stunning views, Huanghuacheng was an exhilarating experience that I'll never forget. The fact that I had this amazing wonder nearly all to myself is something quite extraordinary.

Like some on this forum I would very much appreciate a clarification on what exactly is inscribed concerning the Great Wall world heritage site. I am of the opinion, to inscribe the whole damn thing, and work with China to start suggesting which portion require immediate attention, which areas need management plans, buffer zones, and visitor facilities.

My visits all occurred in 2006 and 2007, so one wonders what is the current condition of Huanghuacheng? Have they restored this tremendous section of the Great Wall, is that

a bad thing or a good thing?

Read more from Kyle Magnuson here.


Malta - 28-Oct-13 -

Great Wall by Clyde

I visited this WHS and world wonder in October 2013. I opted for the scenic Mutianyu Great Wall since I wanted to avoid the massive crowds of Badaling and because I love to take photos. I went up and down by ropeway and I walked all the way from Tower 1 to 23 (and beyond where the wall is less reconstructed). The golden hour at sunset is incredible since I visited in Autumn and the foliage colours matched the sunset rays on the Great Wall. A magical place indeed!

Ian Cade

UK - 14-Nov-11 -

Great Wall by Ian Cade

Well it didn't disappoint. This is one of the World Heritage Sites that I always reel off when people ask me what places are included on this list I am so obsessed with. Now after my first visit I can fully understand why this is one of the most famous places in the world. I really enjoyed the 3 or 4 hours I had getting my first stroll along the Great Wall and would love to come back and visit some more stretches of it, especially the remoter parts out west. It is pretty amazing seeing how the wall winds over the top of hills for mile after mile. The topography of the landscape really highlights what an astounding undertaking it was to build such a significant structure, it is impressive just seeing this short stretch and become almost baffling when you take into account just how long it is.

I visited as part of a day trip from Beijing, and despite the numerous factory stops and the distinctly underwhelming Ming Tombs I have a really good memory of this visit. I visited the stretch at Mutianyu, which is restored and a little touristy at the base, however the number of people on the Wall proper was very manageable and I even got a few stretches between towers where we were the only visitors. (NB it seems that Mutianyu is not actually listed in the UNESCO documents as part of the inscription, however there are several WHS symbols around the site and on the tickets so I feel I have properly visited this site).

Sometimes the context of a visit really adds to it, and here was no exception. The crowds were light, the weather fantastic and my tour also enabled me to have the company of a lovely couple from Madrid, who were happy to pace around the wall with me chatting and handing out some Spanish biscuits making the visit much more enjoyable.

I really did enjoy my time here and would happily return to walk some more parts of the wall; the day tours from Beijing can provide a decent chance to get a first taste of it, and also set off thoughts of returning to see a lot more of this huge site.

[Site 8: Experience 8]

Rosalie A Gonzalez

United States - 26-Mar-11 -

In August of 2006 we visited The GREAT Wall. We took our then 9 year old Granddaughter with us. Climing the Great Wall was an experience of a lifetime. I was only able to walk up 1 mile and then back down. It definitely is a rough walk, but more then amazing!

Avinash Talegaonkar

India, Dombivli - 16-Oct-10 -

I was impressed by the inscription at Mutianyu, Bijing which said something like " The Wall was once built to keep out people, (awful!) today people of the world come together to wonder at the Wall(awesome!) "

Stephen Brooker

UK - 25-Apr-08 -

I was lucky enough to spend a week, during which we saw no other European faces, walking various sections of the Ming Great Wall.

It is impresive, unfortunately most visitors only go to the, over restored, tourist traps of Badaling and Mutinayu, and so miss the best of the wall. If you can only visit one stretch, then go to the Jinshanling section and walk along it to Simitae. This stretch is also wonderful in that it has been nicely conserved rather than restored.

It is also worth considering that the label Great Wall is misleading. It would probably more accurate to talk of the Great Walls (plural) of China. It has been rebuilt on at least three occaisions; Qin, Han and Ming Dynasties, each of which essentially built a new wall, along a new route, often completely different. In addittion the wall is often doubled or even trebled, and has spurs etc.

For this reason no one can give an accurate length for the wall.

Verdict: To get the best from the Wall, put on your hiking boots.

Rajeev Aloysius

Sri Lanka - 21-Oct-05 -

The Great Wall at Ba Da Ling is one of the most common tourist spots in China. The crowds are huge, with its own highway exit. You do get to see other, different parts of the wall on the road there or back, that are more beautiful, or unrestored and therefore more awe inspiring.

The climb is quite steep, but not too bad compared with other parts of the wall that we saw from the road. The more adventurous tourist should turn left at the first entrance after buying the ticket, and this has better views and better photo opportunities. There were some in our group that were staying at the Badaling Hotel in order to visit different parts of the wall all week, but I was not keen enough to do that! I took a Grayline Bus tour, and the Chinese lady guide spoke impeccable English.

Chi Cheung

canada & china - 14-Oct-05 -

It seems like you went to one of the very touristy portions of the great wall. The wall is thousands of kilometers long, you can go to one of the unrestored portions. Even near Beijing, there are parts that have been relatively unrestored since the Ming Dynasty. For instance, the Simitai is relatively untouched. You can walk along some amazing portions, and camp on the wall itself (or in the towers).


UK - 07-Aug-05 -

Great Wall by Solivagant

WHS enthusiasts might be interested in details of the 2 “extremities” of the Great Wall at Shanhaiguan and Jiayagaun - called by the Chinese “First door under the heaven” and “Last door under the heaven” to indicate the passage away from/to the non-Chinese “barbarian” lands) respectively.

As indicated by other reviewers, the sections of the Great Wall around Beijing are very touristy and crowded (particularly with Chinese) and heavily restored. The Government has opened several locations to try to relieve the pressure from the “original” at Badaling and we have visited some of these on different visits. Each is certainly worth going to despite the carnival atmosphere.

The town of Shanhaiguan contains “The First Gate” but the true end/start of the wall is a few kms away on the shore of the Bohai Sea. It too is heavily restored but it is quite nice to literally see the wall going “into” the sea. This is seaside for the Chinese and it gets very crowded. We experienced a wonderful example of the need to “dot all the is and cross all the ts” (or whatever the equivalent is in Chinese characters) when our taxi driver from town explained that the price we had carefully negotiated was in fact only for 1 way! The Jinshan Guesthouse also holds our record as the dirtiest hotel in China. The uncaring, noodle slurping staff were quite happy to give us a bucket and mop for us to be the first people to clean our bathroom in weeks

Our preference as the most “atmospheric” location is at Jiayaguan. Not at the enormous reconstructed fort but a few kms away where the mud wall which extends from the fort ends in a mound above a ravine which drops down to a river – this is all that is left of the last watch tower on the wall. Beyond is desert as far as the eye can see. We took a delightful little 3 wheel taxi along dirt tracks and were virtually the only people there to sense the “end of the civilised world” (photo)

(Trivia Question :- Which is the “longest” WHS? Well the “length” of the Great Wall of China is stated generally as being around 6000kms although other estimates including all its many branches go as high as 50000kms! I have however had some difficulty in establishing just how far apart the 2 “traditional” extremities described above are (Some sources, however, extend the wall as far east as the Yalu river). Based on a great circle distance for 20 degrees of longitude at an average 40 degrees north these 2 points are around 2350 kms apart. The 2 furthest points of the Struve Geodetic Arc, newly inscribed in 2005, are stated as being 2820kms apart. So in terms of “straddling” the Earth’s surface it looks as if the Arc just gets it!)

Ben Pastore

USA - 07-Jun-05 -

Like many others before me, my visit to the Ba da ling portion of the Wall was a prepackaged, escorted trip including the mandatory tourist traps. That aside, it truly is a marvel of engineering if only to build on such rugged and inhospitable slopes. Supposedly Chairman Mao said "A real man climbs the Great Wall". Well, that may be true, but I say "A real man may climb the wall, but a smart man takes the tram and walks down." Seeing the beige ribbon stretch out to the horizon does make one appreciate why it belongs on the list. Going to China without seeing the Great Wall would be like going to Paris and not seeing the Eiffel Tower. You just have to do it.

Ivan ManDy

Philippines -

Im not sure if this is included in the List but I visited a miniature(and far less touristy) version of the Great Wall in the obscure Chinese city of Taizhou (half-way down south of big brother Beijing!). The locals call it 'Jiang Nan Zhang Cheng' or 'Great Wall South of the Yangtze River'. Its about 6000 meters long and is an exact miniature replica of the Badaling Wall in Beijing. It is said that the wall in Beijing was based on the design of this one. Even for its small size, the steps are astonishingly steep!

I hope to visit Beijing's version one of these days!

C H Ho

Hong Kong, China -

I visited Munyungyuan near Beijing, which is 1 of the famous tourist sites for the Great Wall. There are many towers on the wall. You can stand any tower which is at the top of the mountain ridge and feel like the famous Chinese sentence from Qin's King Shin Huang,"Everything was under my feet".

Rob Wilson

UK -

My friends and I walked from Jingshanling to Simatai. It was 10km of hard slog, in a 40 degree heat! But, it was worth every step. This part of the Wall is relatively unrestored and is, at times, treacherous.

Walking the wild Wall is an experience that I'll never forget. Don't go to the tourist wall, head somewhere like this - you won't regret it for a second.

One of the most memorable experiences of my entire life.

Jayne Addison aged 13

england -

I went on a school trip to china and we went to see lots of different beautiful places but my two favourate places was the great wall of china and the terrorcotter warriors me and my friend hannah walked the stepist part of the wall it was tiering but worth wile if you havnot been to china i think your next holiday you should be going to china and dont worry about the 10 and a half flite its worth the wait.

Site Info

Full Name
The Great Wall
Unesco ID
1 2 3 4 6
Secular structure - Military and Fortifications

Site History

1987 Inscribed


The site has 3 locations

Great Wall: Badaling
Great Wall: Shanhaiguan
Great Wall: Jiayuguan


The site has

Individual People
WHS Hotspots
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process


Community Members have visited.

Caroline 50pagesofshawn A. Mehmet Haksever AC ALS AP-TW AT8 AYB Adam Hancock AddieO Adrian Afshin Iranpour Ailton007 Alberto Rodriguez Gutierrez Alex Goh Shaw Peng Alex Marcean Alex Pflugfelder Alexander Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alexander Parsons Alexfangel Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Alice AliciaLee711 Alliosoncita La unica Peruchita Aloysius Boo Amohanty Amy chin Ana Lozano Anders Burholm Andrew Wembridge Angel Ying Liu Anna Wludarska Ansitong Antonio J. Artur Anuszewski Artworks Ask Gudmundsen Atcardamone Atila Ege Atuzhikova Aurelien Drilant-Abenascad Awkwardkeychanged BH Baiqitun Bamse Bartroem Bas Bauchat Bborders Beckyjzw Ben Pastore Bergecn Berni Davis Berteig Bertrand Bin Bob Finnie Bob Parda Bob pateman Boj Bosswench Botev Bram de Bruin Brigitte Huber Buffy Byronb CH CalvinLoh Carl-Gustaf Samuelsson Carlo Sarion Carlos Garrido Carolinerowe25 Carstenhansen Catalina Belso Catherine Rankine Chalamphol Therakul Chen Shishan Chen Taotao ChenMing Chenboada Chenqtao Cheryl ChrisAT Christian Wagner Christine Swanson Christravelblog Cindy Casey Cjones Claire Bradshaw Clem C Clyde Col Colossus Corbomite Craig Harder Criterion Ctravel Cyba DAB DL DOn Szumowski Daniela Hohmann Dave wood David Gang XU David Gee David Marton Dean Swift Debfc Deborah Rupp DeepB Dennis Nicklaus Dgjohansson Dhhtravel Dimitar Krastev Donald M Parrish Jr Dorejd Dotori Drinkteatravel Drk9Stormy Dwight Zehuan Xiao E.Xaus EDC ERIC ZHOU Eateateat Edward Elaine Baran Elaine McArdle Eleanoryanglin Elena Elida Elisabeth Fransisca Situmorang Els Slots Emermel Emilia Bautista King Enrico Cerrini Eric Lorentz Eric Lurio Eric PK Erik Jelinek Eva Kisgyorgy Evelien F Robert FK Faizal Fan Yibo Fanguo Farikica FedeCambo Fedekiwi Felicite Fairer-Wessels Fernando Liu Fernweh Feudikbenson Filip Murlak Finsbury_jo Fkarpfinger Fmannucci Fool79 Frank Frankwsolak Frederik Dawson Frediehung Garrett Garyrjtaylor Gcjdavid Ge zhang Geert Luiken George Evangelou George Yu Gernot Gianmarco Gisella Glibit Gooseta2 Greg Greg Troy Guillaume Guo Jianying HE SHAOMIN Haining Guan Hamid Handballrama Hanming Harald T. HaraldOest Heather Zhang Hft Hokee Houqian Howard Howard Brayer Howe Siang Tan Hugo Oliveira Vicente Hugo Zou Hurrvinek Hyoga Iain Jackson Ian Cade Irena Klementov J Mitchell JGirlJGirl Jack Jacob Choi Jacob Otten Jaehyeon Jay Park Jakecarlson Jan Zimmermann Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jaroslav Klement Jason and Corrinna Jasonfd247 Javier Coro Jaynew Jean-Philippe Platroz JeanK Jeanne OGrady Jeff N. Jeffrey Chai Ran Jenni Jennifer Prout Jens Jezza Jhan Jiang Jiang Jiangliu bian Jiangnan Cai Jianhui Song Jianxiong Jianzhao Zhu JoStof Joachim Nölte-Baumann Joanne Lee Joe Wang Joel Baldwin JohanneB John Smaranda John Wang John booth Johnson Zhao Join-our-journeys Jon Bauer Jon Eshuijs Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jonathan Zimmermann Jonathanliao Jordanovichy Jordi Martinez Jos Baars Jos Schmitz Jose Josef Mikus Joyce van Soest Jtb105 Judit Dalla Judith Tanner JudyWalsh Juha Kokkonen Julio Moreno Jun Jun Zhou Junwang111 Juropa Justinawallace KAO Kai Thorben Kasienka5 Kasper Katharina Kbolton Kbtwhs Keith90245 Kelly Henry Kenny Gam Kenzaseb Keqi Kevin Knight Kevin McFarland Kevin Wang Khuft Kjlchiang Knomadc Koen Vliegenthart KoenigMarke Krijn Kris Umlauf Krzysztof B Ksherlevi Ktisgodzilla Kutasp Kyle Magnuson LKERPS Lale Eralp Turkey Laobada Lars Bogstad Lars Jensen Lauren Le Yang Lei Liu Leikas57 Leonie Geurts Lersan B Del Mundo Liam Liang Zhou Lichia Lilimarleenm Lindsay N Linus Karlsson Lisa Ross Liu tuo Liuhua Loic Pedras Londonium Longdutch Loratodorova Lorenzo Mejino Louis Lucielton Lucio Gorla Ludvan Luigi Tura Luis Filipe Gaspar Luisfreire Luj3904 Luke LOU Lut & Theo M.HATADA MBennett MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Mademmer Maki Wang MalBee Malcolm Malgorzata Kopczynska Manuel Francis V Mao Dan Marcel staron Marcobrey Marek Mariaana Nelimarkka Mariam Marie Morlon Mariellex55 Marius Mark K. Markus Marleen Speelman-Kooijmans Marlies van Wolfswinkel Marry122 Marthalfreeman Martin Funkhauser Maryhattie Matt M Matthewsharris Mauro Martino Merveil MiIm Mibive Michael Cummings Michael Novins Michael Turtle Michael Wojcik Michael anak Kenyalang Michal Kozok Michal Marciniak Michelle.has.murphy Miguel Marchi Mikael Bjork Mikael Zhang Mike Harper Mikek Mikko Miles Hu Miloš Tašković Miriam laschever Misswanderlust Mitsidis72 Mnikish730 Monica Tasciotti Monika and Rini Morodhi Myra Lynn Gilig Naim Y Nan Nanvano Nathaniel Chin Naveed Panjwani Navel1ring Nej153 Nevin Salman Ng Tsu Jin Nicole Kilian Nicole P Nihal Ege Ning,xiaozhou Ninifishes Nmocosta Nmocosta79 Nomad99 NonDuality Nykri Olilan Oliver.pluemper Omnisppot Out4astroll PJ PKalnai Pablo Tierno PabloNorte Pamela MacNaughtan Panacci Pang Liang Fong Paolosan82 Pascal Cauliez Patphilly Patrick C. Venenoso Patty Verhoeven Paul Hilder Paul Schofield Peter Alleblas Peter Day Peter Lööv Peter Pang Peter mathews PeterA PeterH Petteri Philip T.K. Philipp Philipp Peterer Phyllis Tsoi Pieter Dijkshoorn Pillaus Pingxian Xu Piotr Piotrurbanski Plutomu Polyommatus_icarus Pppppeti ProZac34 Qin Xie Qqalexqq Rainlover91125 Ralf Regele Randel Wang Randi Thomsen Reinhardt Reisedachs Reza Richard Stone Rickard Alfredsson Riomussafer Rob Wilson Roberta MacRae Robin F. Robin Frank Rocky Rodinia Roger Ourset Roger Wall Rogerding Rogerlee Roland Roman Koeln Roych Rubbie Ruben Mend Rudegirl Ryan Ryan watkins Ryan09sb RyanMak S. Anril Tiatco S1m0n3t4 SHIHE HUANG SL Liew Sabariah Sachin Sam Mason Saxondean Sciencechick316 Secilie Kui SeehooInterglobal Sergio Arjona Serimari Seudy Shaka_schulz Shandos Cleaver Shannon O'Donnell Sharon Sharon Cheung Shaun Ankers Shijie ZHU Shyeen Sibariam Sidburr Silverlining Sim CY Simone Cannon de Bastardo Sisa_p Siuyeetam Skbuksa Socon Solivagant Solivagant Cuban Squiffy Srfmoyle Stanimir Stanislaw Warwas SteO153 Stephen Brooker Steve Newcomer Stewart Findlay Super-Sophie Susan Stair Sutul Suzanne Svein Elias Swazzer30 Szucs Tamas TAN TIANG SOON Tamara Ratz Tamasin Sutton Tcchang0825 Ted Barnett Teebs Teresa J. Wilkin The Salmons Therabidcow Theresa Goh Thibault Magnien Thomas Buechler Thomas cahalan Thomas van der Walt Thorben Tianxiang Yang Timallen Timothy C Easton Tingsukhua Tjagmax Tjark Tkinou Tom Livesey Tom Wong Tonioto Tony0001 Topaas Torkjell Djupedal Toya HornHoward Traveling Girl Travelure Trevni Truls Brekke VLabhard ValeriiaK Valeron4ever Vanessa Buechler Vanessacmc Vernon Prieto Vicente B. Avanzado Jr. Violeta Virp Vitthaya suthivannarat Voice180 Voyager WHS Lux Wang Qin Watkinstravel Werner Huber Wj1997yi Wolfgang Hlousa Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Wouter Xander Taylor Xangadib Xiong Wei Xiquinho Silva YAO WEI YY Yang Chengyu Yangtingkun Yellowjohn Yhghee Yi Han Goh Yinming Zhang Yiqun Jin Zen Zeng Zhang xiaozhong Zhao, hui Zhenjun Liu Zhou Cheng Zhou Yan Zizmondka Zos M Zoë Sheng