Ephesus contains successive settlements from the Neolithic, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Selçuk and Ottoman periods. The property is located at the Aegean Coast of Turkey.

This site comprises 4 locations:

  • Cukurici Mound
  • Ancient City of Ephesus
  • Ayasuluk Hill, the Artemision and the Medieval Settlement
  • The ‘House of Virgin Mary’

Map of Ephesus

Load map

Community Reviews

Write a review

Frédéric M

Canada - 10-Nov-19 -

Ephesus by Frédéric M

I visited Ephesus on a two-week group tour of Turkey in July 2018. As everything was organized, I have done really few researches beforehand and I was happily surprised to discover such an impressive site! We spent two days in Selçuk. We had free time on the first afternoon and I used it to visit Saint John's Basilica, Isa Bey Mosque and Ayasoluk Kalesi. The second day was spent for a group tour to Ephesus, Artemis temple and Şirince (not inscribed) and a self-guided walk to Grotto of the Seven Sleepers (buffer zone) and House of the Virgin Mary.

Inscribed sites closer to Selçuk (Saint John's Basilica, Isa Bey Mosque and Ayasoluk Kalesi) are interesting but far from breathtaking. The Basilica was a very important site for the history of Christianity, but only a few columns and foundations remains. The same apply for Isa Bey Mosque. I know it's an important place, but the visit was not memorable. Selçuk is a nice city to visit. Ayasoluk Kalesi gave me the same feelings of a historically important place where few remain. All these three sites can be seen in the photo background. I really enjoyed the ruins of the aqueduct with its numerous nesting storks!

Ephesus old city is by far the highlight of this WHS. The library and both theaters are especially worth mentioning. Having a guided tour of the site was great. There's not much to see of Artemis temple. A single column made of many pieces remains and, again, storks nest on it (photo). Şirince, though it is not inscribed, was an interesting excursion for Selçuk. Learning about the population exchange between Greece and Turkey was great.

My walking self-guided tour to Grotto of the Seven Sleepers (buffer zone) and House of the Virgin Mary was fun as the views on the landscape are beautiful. Otherwise, both sites are, at best, boring. Only a few uninteresting brick constructions remain at the site of Virgin Mary's House. I don't believe neither of them should be within the core zone. You shouldn't take time to go there, unless the pilgrimage is important for you.

In sum, Ephesus is an amazing site and well deserve its late inscription on the list, but most of its OUV come from only one of the components I visited. 

Jay T

USA - 03-Jan-16 -

Ephesus by Jay T

Ephesus was one of the great cities of antiquity, and erstwhile home to the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. After its harbor silted up, Ephesus lost value as a commercial center and never recovered. However, it left behind impressive ruins, which unfortunately don't include the Temple of Artemis. Ephesus is also important for Christian travelers, both for its Biblical history and as a pilgrimage site to the believed last home of Mary, the mother of Jesus. With such history I was surprised it took until 2015 for the city to become a World Heritage Site. I visited Ephesus in the spring of 2013, and thoroughly enjoyed wandering the ruins of the city. The restored façade of the Library of Celsus was magnificent, as was the large theater at the end of the former Harbor Street. Also on view were ancient baths, the agora, and a smaller Odeon theater. Although I didn't visit them, there was an archeological excavation of Terrace Houses on display for an additional fee. Ephesus was crowded with tour groups, but I didn't notice them because the city was so fascinating to explore.

Logistics: Ephesus is located near Selçuk, and can be reached by walking, biking, minibuses, or private transportation or tours. Ephesus is a popular stop for cruise ships, which often bring large tour groups.

Michiel Dekker

The Netherlands - 01-Oct-10 -

Beautiful site with a lot of history. Also the site of one of the seven wonders of the world; the Temple of Artemis (eventhough not much remains of this site).

Worth a visit and worthy to be a World Heritage Site.

Christine Gravlin

United States - 19-May-09 -

This is a wonderful place to visit and experience history. I hope that it will be made permanent site. It needs to be preserved.

Site Info

Full Name
Unesco ID
3 4 6
Archaeological site - Ancient Greece

Site History

2015 Inscribed


The site has 4 locations

Ephesus: Cukurici Mound
Ephesus: Ancient city of Ephesus
Ephesus: Ayasuluk Hill, Artemision and Medieval Settlement
Ephesus: House of Virgin Mary


The site has

Human Activity
Individual People
Religion and Belief
Science and Technology
WHS on Other Lists


Community Members have visited.

4matcha A. Mehmet Haksever AYB Adolfo Afshin Iranpour Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alexander Parsons Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Amy Tull Ana Lozano Andrea Gormley Angel Ying Liu Anne Brockenshire AnteEP1979 Antlane Argo Artur Anuszewski Aspasia Atcardamone Atila Ege Aurelien Drilant-Abenascad Aurora Petan BH Baiqitun Bauchat Bergecn Bin Blegg Brigitte Huber Bruno_Pires Butterflybird Byronb CAN SARICA Carlo Medina Carlo Sarion Carolinerowe25 Chalamphol Therakul ChenMing Chris Law Chrissiequirk272@gmail.com Christian Wagner Christine Schmit Chunsian01 ClaireWhiteley Clyde Corinne Vail Craig Harder Criterion Dani Cyr David Berlanda David Dove Dean Swift Deborah Caster Delpupp Dennis Nicklaus Dibro Digits Dimitar Krastev Dioni Djpatten Don Irwin Doug Robertson Drinkteatravel Dsch2oman@me.com E.Xaus EDC ELVAN YURDUSEN ERIC ZHOU Eanna81 Echwel Elaine McArdle Elia Vettorato Ellen Nielsen Els Slots Emason Erdem Engin Tavlayan Eric Lurio Eric PK Erik Jelinek Eva Kisgyorgy FGKJR1492X FS Fan Yibo Felicite Fairer-Wessels Ferhatdonmez Fernweh Finsbury_jo Francky D'Hoop Frank Frédéric M Ge zhang Geert Luiken George Gdanski Gernot Gilles Gisella Gonca Grzegorz Andruszkiewicz Hadrianus Haining Guan Handballrama Harald T. HaraldOest Howard Howard Brayer Howe Siang Tan Iain Jackson Iriss Ivan Rucek J. Stevens JGirlJGirl James Welker Jan Korpeg Jan-Willem Jason and Corrinna Javier Coro Jay T Jaynew Jean-Philippe Platroz Jeanne OGrady Jens Jgera Jiangliu bian Joachim Nölte-Baumann John Smaranda Jonathanfr Jonathanliao Judith Tanner Juha Sjoeblom Jun Zhou Junwang111 Juwels Jörg B. Karin Heyl Kbtwhs Keith90245 Kelly Henry Kevin McFarland Klaus Bondar Krijn LKERPS LaVale Lale Eralp Turkey Lara Adler Leslie84 Lexxiface Lichia Lindsay N Liu tuo Lizzy Loic Pedras Longdutch Louise Grace Lucio Gorla Ludvan Luis Filipe Gaspar Luke LOU Luke725 Luke725 MBennett MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Magnien Malgorzata Kopczynska Maltishah100 Martina Librio Martina Ruckova Maryhattie Mauro Martino Mdnichol Michael Ayers Michael Novins Michal Marciniak Michiel Dekker Mikal Ahmet Mike Milan Jirasek Miles Hu Mitsidis72 Monchan5396 Monica Tasciotti Moreworld2c Morodhi Naim Y Nanvano Nej153 Nihal Ege Nina Padro Nmocosta Nmocosta79 Nomad99 PabloNorte Paczeterson Pang Liang Fong Paola Laura Pascal Cauliez Patphilly Paul Hilder Paw90 Peter mathews Philipp Philipp Peterer Plutomu Polyommatus_icarus Pressdm Rach Rob Rachel Perkins Randi Thomsen Reinhardt Reza Rica Duchateau Riomussafer Robert Robin Frank Roger Ourset Rogerlee Roman Bruehwiler SHIHE HUANG Sabariah Sandersx2 Saxondean Sergio Arjona Shyeen Sidburr Simmot2019Z Socon Solivagant Squiffy Stanislaw Warwas Stefania Giudice Stetrab Sun_jianyuan@me.com Super-Sophie Sutul Suzanne Svein Elias Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tammy Gouldstone Tatiana Nikulnikova Tcchang0825 The Salmons Thomas Buechler Thomas van der Walt Timothy C Easton Tomas.zaruba TonicSupernova Tonisan Tony H. Tony0001 Topaas Torkjell Djupedal Toya HornHoward Travel Addicts Travelindan ValeriiaK Vanessa Buechler Veelineen Vernon Prieto Vicente B. Avanzado Jr. Vidiot Violeta Viv Walter Walter H. Watkinstravel Werner Huber WolfgangHl Zen Zeng Zoë Sheng Zsuzsanna Forray