WHS which in which the production or trade in Sugar played a significant role.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Aapravasi Ghat The Ghat was the arrival point for c half a million indentured labourers coming from India to work in the sugar plantations of Mauritius.
Antigua Naval Dockyard "Its aim was to protect the interests of sugar cane planters " (UNESCO)
Bordeaux 18th century sugar trade
Bridgetown the fortified port town was able to establish its importance in the British Atlantic trade and became an entrepôt for goods, especially sugar, and enslaved persons destined for Barbados and the rest of the Americas (unesco website)
Cienfuegos Cienfuegos blossomed as a port in the 19th century due to a boom in the regional sugar trade
Liverpool Sugar from the West Indies and Mauritius was one of the most important of the goods shipped into the port. Nomination File :- "A million tons of sugar and molasses were imported annually from the Caribbean, South Africa and Mauritius, and the second largest sugar silo in the world with a capacity of 150,000 tons was built ... in 1957 for Tate and Lyles" (This, the UK's largest sugar company, had its origins in the city from the company formed there in 1869 by Henry Tate). The Nomination File identifies a number of buildings which were connected with the trade including the "Site of the first sugar refinery (sugar house) in Liverpool, a five-storey building erected by Richard Cleveland and Daniel Danvers between 1670 and 1673".
Paphos . Following the prohibition of religions other than Christianity the Palaepaphos site became a sugar cane plantation. The Lusignan manor house was centre of operations. (There is a Lusignan sugar-cane refinery in the coastal plain but although it seems to be part of the Palaipaphos archaeological site to the Department of Antiquities it appears not to be within the inscribed area.)
Rio de Janeiro sugar plantations on the Tijuca (middle 17th century)
Susa sugar cane factory (12th century CE)
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier Cité Frugès: This unique venture was initially commissioned in 1924 by the local industrialist Henry Frugès (1879-1974), whose wealth had been built on the success of his sugar refinery business
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios Valley de los Ingenios: "a living museum of the sugar industry featuring 75 ruined sugar mills..."
Wet Tropics of Queensland Deforestation for sugar plantations has had a significant negative role in defining the areas of inscribed remnant rainforest.


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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source