New Inscriptions in 2016
The following sites were inscribed or extended by the 2016 WHC Session.
Map of All Inscribed Sites
- ●● Cultural
- ●● Natural
- ●● Mixed
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: refuge of biodiversity and the relict landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities covers the marshy delta that was home to the early Sumerian civilization.
This mixed site consists of 7 locations: three archaeological sites (Ur, Uruk and Tell Eridu) and four wetland marsh areas. The latter are the Huwaizah Marshes, Central Marshes, East Hammar and West Hammar Marshes - important for bird migration and fish species.
The area lies in the joint delta of the Tigris and Euphrates River, the river providing arable fields via the use of irrigation. Due to draining of large portions of the marshes, the marshes were diminshed to 10% of their original size by 2003.
The Archaeological Site of Ani is a ruined medieval settlement that was a commercial center on the Silk Road and other trade routes into Anatolia.
Its heyday was in the 10th-11th century, when it became the capital of the Bagratid Armenian kingdom that covered much of present-day Armenia and eastern Turkey. At the time it was also the seat of the katholikos of the Armenian Church, resulting in fine examples of Armenian religious architecture and the nickname ‘City of 1001 Churches’.
All the structures at Ani are constructed using the local volcanic basalt, a sort of tufa stone which is easily carved. Notable remaining buildings include the Cathedral, the church of St Gregory of Tigran Honents, the citadel and the mosque of Manuchihr. The nominated area also includes the rock-cut dwellings and monuments outside the city walls.
Els Slots The Netherlands - 07-Nov-15 -
Turkey has nominated Ani Cultural Landscape as one of its two candidates for the 2016 WHC session, which it will host in Istanbul next July. Ani comprises the ruins of a medieval Armenian city. It lies in the far east of Turkey, right at the border with Armenia. Between 961 and 1045, it was the capital of the Bagratid Armenian kingdom that covered much of present-day Armenia and eastern Turkey.
The Antequera Dolmens Site covers three megalithic monuments placed against a geomorphic natural backdrop.
Because of the size, volume and weight of the stone blocks used, they are considered “one of the most important engineering and architectural works of European Prehistory”. The oldest two dolmens (Menga and Viera) date from the 3rd millennium BCE. They were made for rituals and funerary purposes. The site is located in Andalusia in Southern Spain.
The site comprises 5 locations in Andalusia, Southern Spain:
• the Menga Dolmen (one of the largest megaliths overall in the world),
• the Viera Dolmen
• Tholos of El Romeral (dating from 1800 BCE)
• La Peña de los Enamorados (a mountain looking like like the head of an American-Indian)
• El Torcal de Antequera (one of the most important karst landscapes in Europe)
Hubert Austria - 02-Nov-16 -
My interest for megalithic sites was aroused during a visit to Carnac in 2015, so the inscription of the Antequera Dolmens in 2016 was perfect timing to include the site in the itinerary for our Andalusia trip in September. The Antequera Dolmens WHS comprises five sites at four locations: three dolmens and two natural landmarks closely linked to the megalithic monuments.
The Antigua Naval Dockyard and Related Archaeological Sites are late 18th, early 19th century defensive structures made by the British Navy.
They were built in an ideal natural setting, around a series of bays known as the English Harbour.
Enslaved laborers from plantations in the vicinity were sent to work on the dockyard. A wide range of buildings has survived. They were built in the Georgian style, with some modifications for the tropic climate.
Solivagant UK - 10-May-12 -
Nelson’s Dockyard is Antigua’s main historic “attraction” (excluding its now sadly decaying old cricket ground!) so inevitably we visited it during a stopover there in Jan 2012 even though it didn’t then appear on either UNESCO’s Inscribed or T List. Somehow we had the feeling that it could be “fattened up” to become Antigua’s first WHS nomination – so it was a pleasant surprise just a few days later to discover that it had indeed been made Antigua’s sole T List entry!
The Archaeological Site of Philippi comprises the ruins of a Macedon city, that saw its heyday in Roman and Early Christian times. Philippi was founded in 356 BCE by King Phillip II (and named after himself), on a strategic location on the east-west route through his empire which was later reconstructed by the Romans as the Via Egnatia.
The city later became a center of Christian faith and place of pilgrimage, because according to the New Testament it had been visited by the Apostle Paul around 49 or 50 A.D. The first church in Philippi was established in the year 343.
Notable remaining monuments within the walled city include:
- Greek theatre
- Roman Forum
- Octagon Church
- transept Basilica
- domed Basilica
- sections of paving of the Via Egnatia
Stanislaw Warwas Poland - 16-Aug-16 -
Visited August 2016.
It is possible to visit Philippi as a day trip from Thessaloniki, although you should start very early in the morning. Take the first bus to Kavala from KTEL Makedonia bus station at 6 am (around 2h20min) and change there for a local bus going towards Drama, get out in Philippi (20 min, lots of buses), very close to the entrance to the site.
The Archipiélago de Revillagigedo comprises four remote Pacific islands known for their biodiversity and geological features.
The area is a transition zone, provides important stepping-stones for migratory species and has a high level of endemism. The designated area also includes the surrounding waters with their largely undisturbed marine ecosystems.
Isla San Benedicto, Isla Socorro, Isla Roca Partida and Isla Clarión are uninhabited apart from two small naval bases. They are islands of volcanic origin, and some of the volcanoes are still very active.
The "Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape" is an eroded mountain massif in the Sahara desert, containing numerous rock paintings and archaeological sites.
The sandstone plateau was sculpted by water and wind erosion, leading to scenically impressive features such as formidable rock arches.
Though lying deep in the desert, the area sees regular rain. This results in a varied flora and fauna, and notably in the surviving Nile crocodiles in the permanent pocket of water called Guelta Archei. It became a refuge also for humans, who left rock art there. Nomadic pastoralists are still visiting.
Gorham’s Cave Complex covers a landscape of cliffs and caves that show extensive evidence of the Neanderthal way of life. The site is located on the Mediterranean side of the Rock of Gibraltar.
The caves that are not submerged by the sea contain archaeological deposits. In Gorham’s Cave, Vanguard Cave, Hyaena Cave and Bennett’s Cave traces of Neanderthal occupation have been found. Some others have Early Modern Human deposits. The sites have been excavated since the 19th century, but only since 1989 the importance of the Gibraltar cave sites has been confirmed.
Nan Germany - -
Nearly five years ago on what I nowadays call my first true world heritage trip I ventured to Andalucia. Out of curiosity I decided to also go to Gibraltar and look across the straights to Africa. Having been at Europa Point at the very tip of the island I must have been within 500m of the site, but didn’t know. As such this was a tragic near miss for me.
Hubei Shennongjia is a forested mountain massif mostly known for its floral diversity.
It has been a place of significant scientific interest particularly for botanists. It lies within the Daba Mountains evergreen forests ecoregion, in Central-eastern China. The site consists of two locations, Shennongding/Badong and Laojunshan, separated by a 10km wide corridor.
Luke LOU China - 11-Apr-17 -
It is located in western Hubei, not easy to arrive here by bus or by train, it takes 3 or 4 hours from Yichang, the nearest big city. Tickets are very expensive, especially considering the poor service, not a good experience. Car hiring are highly recommended, and don't trust the local drivers easily.
Khangchendzonga National Park is a mixed site known for its glacial mountains and sacred cultural landscape. This Himalayan site includes the 8586m high peak of Khangchendzonga, the 3rd highest in the world.
The landscape features glaciers and glacial lakes, and is the habitat of species such as the snow leopard, red panda and Asian black bear.
For the local Sikkimese population, the area has important sacred significance. Both shamanic and Tibetan Buddhist traditions are kept alive in this cultural landscape.
The Lut Desert in the southeast of Iran contains spectacular landforms shaped by wind erosion.
There is a mix of high sand dunes and yardangs, mushroom rock-like features where the soft material has eroded from an originally flat surface and removed by the wind and the harder material remains.
This salt desert also is known as the hottest place on earth: temperatures of over 70 degrees Celsius have been measured. The landscape is ‘hyper-arid’, seeing very little rain because it lies in a basin surrounded by mountains.
Solivagant UK - 11-May-16 -
Two problems with trying to get “ahead of the game” by visiting T List sites before they are inscribed are that they might fail and also that any inscribed boundaries are as yet unknown/undetermined!! Iran has titled this site “Lut Desert (Vicinity of Shahdad)” and nominated it for consideration in 2016. Well, as the desert itself is 5400 km2 in area and is the 25th largest desert in the World (Wiki), I suppose we had to be thankful that we had been given some sort of starting point!!
Mistaken Point is a 17-kilometre-long coastal strip renowned for its fossil deposits on exposed rock surfaces.
The more than 10,000 fossil impressions date from the middle Ediacaran, 580 to 560 million years ago. They show the transition of life on earth from microbe-dominated to the ancestors of animals as we know them.
The site was first discovered in 1967, and lies in Canada’s Newfoundland and Labrador Province.
I came across this site almost by accident. After a long hike with a friend through some medium difficult terrain and fording a small stream we came across these breathtaking rocks, full of fossils. Quite unprotected from the weather and no interpretative signage. This place desperately needs preservation and also protection as we could have walked on top of these precious remnants of human beginnings. We were the only two there but subsequently ran into the local archaeologist who filled us in on what we'd seen.
The Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar comprises the ruins of a Buddhist monastic and educational center.
The main stupa was built by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC and contains the relics of Sariputta, one of two chief male disciples of Gautama Buddha. The remains consist of an earlier cluster of stupa-centered buildings and a later linear system on a north-south axis.
Apart from religious buildings, the site contained 11 ‘viharas’ (used for study and housing). Nalanda was one of the most important places of learning in its day and is often characterised among India's early universities. It attracted scholars and students from near and far with some travelling all the way from Tibet, China, Korea, and Central Asia. The site was abandoned in the 13th century.
Solivagant UK - 27-Mar-13 -
Nalanda epitomizes both what India has to offer in uninscribed sites and also its perennial inability to bring these forward to successful conclusion!! The Web is full of calls for it to be inscribed (often uninformed in suggesting that fault lies with UNESCO rather than with the governments of India and Bihar!). The most recent (early 2013) have been from the Nobel Laureates for Economics Amartya Sen and Joseph Stiglitz.
'Nan Madol: Ceremonial Center of Eastern Micronesia' covers megalithic monuments on nearly 100 artificial islets on a coral reef offshore of Pohnpei Island, in the Pacific.
The islands were linked by a network of canals. It was the religious and administrative center of the Saudeleur Dynasty (ca. 1200-1600 AD).
The complex consisted of royal and commoners residences, tombs and temples. There was no fresh water or food onsite. Its population probably was 1,000 at most. By the time the first Europeans arrived, in the early 19th century, Nan Madol had already been abandoned for centuries.
Michael Novins United States - 12-Feb-16
In December 2015, I spent a couple of days in Pohnpei at the Mangrove Bay Hotel, a short walk from downtown Kolonia, the capital of Pohnpei. Kolonia is not a very interesting place, but I did manage to find a couple of historic sites like the Spanish wall, built in 1899 as a boundary for Fort Alphonso XII. The wall is one of the few remaining remnants of Spanish control and now serves as the outfield wall for the baseball field. I also wandered around and found the Catholic bell tower and adjoining masonry apse, all that remain of a church built in 1909 by German Capuchin missionaries, when Pohnpei and the other Caroline Islands were administered as part of German New Guinea.
Pampulha Modern Ensemble is a fine example of Brazilian modern architecture, built as a Garden City around an artificial lake.
This neighbourhood of Belo Horizonte was designed from 1940 on by architect Oscar Niemeyer and landscape designer Roberto Burle Marx.
The ensemble included a casino, a restaurant/dance hall, a yacht club, a golf club and a church. The buildings are among Niemeyer’s earliest works, and show his talent to adapt 20th century modernism to Brazilian surroundings.
João Aender Campos Cremasco Brazil - 26-Aug-14
Pampulha Architectural Ensemble is Brazil probably Brazil's next nomination for inscription in WHS list. Pampulha is the name of a upper-class suburb of Belo Horizonte city and was designed by Oscar Niemeyer, a famous architect (who died in 2012 at 104), also responsible for the construction of Brasilia (another WHS). The most famous elemento of Pampulha ensemble is Sao Francisco Church, a tiny temple by the lake shore, which is considered one of Niemeyer's early masterpieces and inspiration for many other buildings in the same style worldwide. I was there last weekend, in a sunny and relaxing Sunday afternoon.
Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay - Mukkawar Island Marine National Park are two pristine marine ecosystems in the Red Sea.
The 2 geographically separated locations around a coral reef are known as excellent diving sites.
Huge schools of manta rays and sharks make common appearances in these waters. Furthermore, Dungonab Bay has a healthy dugong population.
The 'Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards' are 28 medieval cemeteries in south-eastern Europe.
The decoration and inscriptions on the mostly limestone monolithic tombstones represent a specific tradition of the area. They include Christian religious symbols, dancing and hunting scenes, geometric shapes and Cyrillic inscriptions.
The inscribed tombstones have been selected from the surviving 70,000 or so still standing in the region and date from the 12th to the 16th centuries. The singular ‘Stećak’ (plural: Stećci) means ‘tall, standing thing'.
Assif Germany - 17-Apr-13 -
Radimilja is a small cemetery near the road leading to Stolac. It is the most famous Mediaeval cemetery in Herzegovina and has some nice tombstones. It often features on touristic prospectuses of the area. The graves belonged to the Bosnian church, a branch of the Orthodox church which died out when Herzegovina became predominantly Muslim with the Ottoman conquest. Nonetheless, local Bosniaks still relate to this church as a symbol of their national (or better ethnic) identity.
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier comprises 17 locations designed by the renowned French-Swiss architect, who is seen as one of the pioneers of modern architecture.
The series shows the dissemination of his ideas over the world during a period of 50 years.
The locations span seven countries on three continents. 10 are situated in France and 2 in Switzerland, the homelands of Le Corbusier (born in Switzerland, became a French citizen). But also Chandigarh (India), National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo (Japan) and Casa Curutchet (Argentina) are included.
David Berlanda Italy / Czech Republic - 13-Sep-08 -
Before visiting the centre of Antwerp we made just a stop to see the Maison Guiette. It is located at Populieranlaan 32, in the suburbs of the city, 100 metres from the motorway A12. We had some problems because there is not a parking place near the house; also is unpleasant the fact that there is not a board informing you about the house. However it is a really nice building and the only one by Le Corbusier in Belgium, built in 1926-27 and intended as the painter Réné Guiette's house-atelier. Unfortunately it seems that it is the only building of those of the candidature of Le Corbusier's works that is always inaccessible to the visitors. So we could only take a look from outside. It is a simple, long and narrow building of great quality, the facade being composed of a glass wall, windows, the door and a balcony, and the lateral front by windows and an oculus. I had to wait a couple of minutes to take a good picture because a lorry was parked directly in front of it and that is the only reason why our visit took more than 5 minutes.
The Persian Qanat is an ancient underground water mangement system used for irrigation in a desert climate. The system was communally managed. With the use of water clocks, a just and exact distribution among the shareholding farmers was ensured.
This serial site covers 11 still functioning qanats in central and eastern Iran.
Solivagant UK - 13-May-16 -
Before our Iran trip in Apr/May 2016 we had gained access via this Website to the “Executive Summary” for Iran’s nomination of “The Persian Qanat” (Its consideration by the 2016 WHC was of course still c2 months away). This document, which alone is 66 pages long, showed that the original T List definition for the “Qanats of Gonabad” had been significantly altered as per this
The Western Tien-Shan is a Central Asian mountain range known for its plant biodiversity.
Especially its wild fruit and walnut forest are among the largest remaining in the world, thus providing a genetic resource for domestic fruit species. The site consists of 13 parks and nature reserves, divided over Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. When planning to visit the W Tien Shan WHS during our May 2017 visit to Kazakhstan we were faced with the problem of which of the 7 locations situated inside that country (mostly in the general area of Shymkent/Taraz) we should aim for! In the end we chose the Aksu-Zhabagly Nature Reserve. It would appear that this is the most popular for non specialist visitors – it is set up to provide tourist entry to the reserve and is easy to access by road or rail from both the above mentioned cities – and thus for taking in on a route across Southern Kazakhstan without too much of a detour.
Solivagant UK - 13-May-17 -
The Western Tien-Shan is a Central Asian mountain range known for its plant biodiversity.
Especially its wild fruit and walnut forest are among the largest remaining in the world, thus providing a genetic resource for domestic fruit species. The site consists of 13 parks and nature reserves, divided over Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
When planning to visit the W Tien Shan WHS during our May 2017 visit to Kazakhstan we were faced with the problem of which of the 7 locations situated inside that country (mostly in the general area of Shymkent/Taraz) we should aim for! In the end we chose the Aksu-Zhabagly Nature Reserve. It would appear that this is the most popular for non specialist visitors – it is set up to provide tourist entry to the reserve and is easy to access by road or rail from both the above mentioned cities – and thus for taking in on a route across Southern Kazakhstan without too much of a detour.
The Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape comprises three locations with thousands of pictographs, painted on steep cliff faces along the river in a karst landscape.
The paintings were made by between the 5th century BCE to the 2nd century AD by the Luoyue people. The site is a cultural landscape and also includes hamlets and villages where people still perform rituals connected to the rock art.
The pictographs can be seen from boats and wooden platforms. They cover four distinct phases of painting, and include depictions of bronze drums, ferry boats and human figures.
Zos M Philippines/China - 16-Jan-18 -
[Visited Ningming Cluster on Jan. 13, 2018]
English information on Hanoi-Nanning train route is limited. But coming from Hanoi, the MR1 train actually stops at Ningming Country. Hotels in Hanoi can book train tickets – mine costs $35 USD to Pingxiang Border and I bought Pingxiang-Ningming at the station for 11 RMB. The train leaves Hanoi at 9:15 PM and arrives Ningming at 7:00 AM.
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Tell Eridu Archaeological Site
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The Central Marshes
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The East Hammar Marshes
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The Iraqi side of Huwaizah Marshes
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: The West Hammar Marshes
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Ur Archaeological City
- Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Uruk Archaeological City
- Antequera Dolmens Site: El Torcal de Antequera
- Antequera Dolmens Site: La Pena de los Enamorados
- Antequera Dolmens Site: The Manga Dolmen and The Viera Dolmen
- Antequera Dolmens Site: Tholos of El Romeral
- Antigua Naval Dockyard
- Archaeological site of Philippi
- Archipiélago de Revillagigedo: Isla Clarion
- Archipiélago de Revillagigedo: Isla Roca Partida
- Archipiélago de Revillagigedo: Isla San Benedicto
- Archipiélago de Revillagigedo: Isla Socorro
- Ennedi Massif
- Gorham's Cave Complex
- Hubei Shennongjia: Laojunshan
- Hubei Shennongjia: Shennongding
- Khangchendzonga National Park
- Lut Desert
- Mistaken Point
- Nan Madol
- Sanganeb: Dungonab Bay-Mukkawar Island Marine National Park
- Sanganeb: Sanganeb Marine National Park (SMNP)
- Stećci : Bare Žugića, Žabljak
- Stećci : Bečani, Šekovići
- Stećci : Bijača, Ljubuški
- Stećci : Boljuni, Stolac
- Stećci : Borak in the village of Burati, Rogatica
- Stećci : Čengića Bara, Kalinovik
- Stećci : Dolovi in the village of Umoljani, Trnovo
- Stećci : Dugo polje at Blidinje, Jablanica
- Stećci : Grčka glavica in the village of Biskup, Konjic
- Stećci : Grčko groblje, Hrta, Prijepolje
- Stećci : Grčko groblje, Plužine
- Stećci : Grčko groblje, Žabljak
- Stećci : Grebnice, Radmilovića Dubrava, Baljci, Bileća
- Stećci : Gvozno, Kalinovik
- Stećci : Kalufi in Krekovi, Nevesinje
- Stećci : Kučarin in Hrančići, Goražde
- Stećci : Luburića polje, Sokolac
- Stećci : Maculje, Novi Travnik
- Stećci : Mramor in Musići, Olovo
- Stećci : Mramor in Vrbica, Foča
- Stećci : Mramorje, Perućac, Bajina Bašta
- Stećci : Mramorje, Rastište, Bajina Bašta
- Stećci : Olovci, Kladanj
- Stećci : Potkuk in Bitunja, Berkovići
- Stećci : Radimlja, Stolac
- Stećci : Ravanjska vrata, Kupres
- Stećci : St. Barbara, Dubravka, Konavle
- Stećci : Velika and Mala Crljivica, Cista Velika
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Cabanon de Le Corbusier
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut de Ronchamp
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Cité Frugès
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Complexe du Capitole
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Couvent Sainte-Marie-de-la-Tourette
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Immeuble Clarté
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Immeuble locatif à la Porte Molitor
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: La Manufacture à Saint- Dié
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Maison de la Culture de Firminy
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Maison du docteur Curutchet
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Maison Guiete
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Maisons de la Weissenhof-Siedlung
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Maisons La Roche et Jeanneret
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Musée National des Beaux-Arts de l’Occident
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Petite villa au bord du lac Léman
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Unité d’habitation Marseille
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier: Villa Savoye et loge du jardiner
- The Persian Qanat: Akbar Abad
- The Persian Qanat: Ebrahim Abad Qanat
- The Persian Qanat: Ghasem Abad
- The Persian Qanat: Hasam Abad-e Moshir Qanat
- The Persian Qanat: Mozd Abad Qanat
- The Persian Qanat: Qanat of Baladeh
- The Persian Qanat: Qanat of Gowhariz
- The Persian Qanat: Qanat of the Moon
- The Persian Qanat: Qanat of Vazvan
- The Persian Qanat: Qanat of Zarch
- The Persian Qanat: Qasabeh Gonabad
- Western Tien-Shan: Aksu-Jabagly State Nature Reserve – Aulie paleontological area
- Western Tien-Shan: Aksu-Jabagly State Nature Reserve – Karabastau paleontological area
- Western Tien-Shan: Aksu-Jabagly State Nature Reserve – main part
- Western Tien-Shan: Besh-Aral State Nature Reserve - Shandalash area
- Western Tien-Shan: Besh-Aral State Nature Reserve – main part
- Western Tien-Shan: Karatau State Nature Reserve
- Western Tien-Shan: Padysha-Ata State Nature Reserve
- Western Tien-Shan: Sairam-Ugam State National Nature Park – Boraldaitau area
- Western Tien-Shan: Sairam-Ugam State National Nature Park – Irsu-Daubabin area
- Western Tien-Shan: Sairam-Ugam State National Nature Park – Sairam-Ugam area
- Western Tien-Shan: Sary-Chelek State Biosphere Nature Reserve
- Western Tien-Shan: The Chatkal State Biosphere Nature Reserve – Bashkizilsay area
- Western Tien-Shan: The Chatkal State Biosphere Nature Reserve – Maidantal area
- Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art: Jiangzhou District, Fusui County rock art
- Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art: Longhzou County rock art
- Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art: Ningming and Longzhou County rock art