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African Continent World Heritage

 
 
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Author winterkjm
Partaker
#31 | Posted: 10 Jun 2017 04:52 | Edited by: winterkjm 
3 countries with no tentative list or inscribed sites. These 6 stunning natural sites might meet OUV, I would love to see their nomination(s) put forward!

Monte Alén National Park (Equatorial Guinea)
Luba Crater Scientific Reserve (Equatorial Guinea)

Obo Natural Park - Pico Cão Grande (São Tomé and Príncipe)
Island of Príncipe Biosphere Reserve (São Tomé and Príncipe)

Nimule National Park (South Sudan)
Boma National Park (South Sudan)

Author winterkjm
Partaker
#32 | Posted: 26 Sep 2017 00:17 | Edited by: winterkjm 
Nearly 50 African tentative nominations in the last 3 years. This comes after a couple year drought of nearly zero African nominations. I haven't even begun to dive into these sites. I wonder if some our more well-travelled netizens might have a more nuanced view about some worthwhile nominations amongst this batch?

Angola (3)
Corredor do Kwanza - Cultural Landscape (2017)
Archaeological Site of Tchitundu-Hulu (2017)
Cuito Cuanavale, Site of Liberation and Independence (2017)

Cabo Verde (8)
Historic Center of Nova Sintra (2016)
Natural Park of Fogo - Chã das Caldeiras (2016)
Complex of Protected Areas of Santa Luzia Island and Illes Branco and Raso (2016)
Tarrafal Concentration Camp (2016)
Historic Center of Praia (2016)
Historic Center of São Filipe (2016)
Natural Park Cova, Paúl and Ribeira da Torre (2016)
Salines of Pedra de Lume (2016)

Djibouti (10)
Protected natural area of Djalélo (2015)
Protected Natural Area of Assamo (2015)
Lake Abbeh: its cultural landscape, its natural monuments and its ecosystem (2015)
The Lake Assal (2015)
The National Forest Park of the Day (2015)
The historical urban landscape of the city of Djibouti and its specific buildings (2015)
The Engravings Rupestre of Abourma (2015)
The Moucha and Maskali Islands (2015)
The natural landscapes of the Obock region (2015)
The Tumulus (Awellos) (2015)

(the) Gambia (2)
Wassu Stone Circles Quarry Site (2015)
Historic Georgetown (2015)

Liberia (2)
Mount Nimba Strict Reserve (extension) (2017)
Providence Island (2017)

Madagascar (1)
The High City of Antananarivo (2016)

Mali (8)
The Bafing Makana Park Biodiversity Reserve (2016)
The Natural Reservoir of Lake Magui (2016)
The cultural and natural site of the Arch of Kamandjan (2017)
The Gourma Elephant Biodiversity Reserve (2017)
The Niger River Basin (from the Markala threshold to the Débo lake) (2017)
The "Kamablon", Sacred Case of Kéniero (2017)
Cathedral of Bamako (2017)
The Church of Mandiakuy (2017)

Namibia (5)
Benguela Current Marine Ecosystem Sites (2016)
Etosha Pan (2016)
Sān Living Cultural Landscape (2016)
Succulent Karoo Protected Areas (2016)
Okavango Delta (2016)

South Africa (3)
Early Farmsteads of the Cape Winelands (2015)
The Emergence of Modern Humans: The Pleistocene occupation sites of South Africa (2015)
Human Rights, Liberation Struggle and Reconciliation: Nelson Mandela Legacy Sites (2015)

Author Khuft
Partaker
#33 | Posted: 7 Oct 2017 15:22 
Just noticed that the Ghana Gold Coast forts are officially named "Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions", but that none of the forts of Greater Accra (or of the Volta region for that matter) are inscribed... Could it be that the scope of the inscription was originally planned to be bigger, but got reduced later on (i.e. after inscription in 1979)? Or are we in a similar situation as the Great Wall, where the WHC website only details 3 locations, but at the same time mentions 17 provinces? I.e. could th Gold Coast forts actually include more forts, but only an incomplete list is mentioned?

Author Durian
Partaker
#34 | Posted: 29 Apr 2018 19:43 | Edited by: Durian 

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#35 | Posted: 30 Apr 2018 08:45 | Edited by: Solivagant 
Khuft:
Just noticed that the Ghana Gold Coast forts are officially named "Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions", but that none of the forts of Greater Accra (or of the Volta region for that matter) are inscribed...

Have only just noticed this from Khuft of 6 months ago.
Yes something is definitely "wrong".
The UNESCO Web site lists 11 locations (34-001 to 34-011) on its "maps tab"
We have only recognised 8 in our entry/map

Yet the UNESCO description states " the property consists of three Castles (Cape Coast, St. George's d'Elmina and Christiansborg at Osu, Accra), 15 Forts (Good Hope at Senya Beraku; Patience at Apam; Amsterdam at Abandzi; St. Jago at Elmina; San Sebastian at Shama; Metal Cross at Dixcove; St. Anthony at Axim; Orange at Sekondi; Groot Fredericksborg at Princesstown; William (Lighthouse) at Cape Coast; William at Anomabu; Victoria at Cape Coast; Ussher at Usshertown, Accra; James at Jamestown, Accra and Apollonia at Beyin), four Forts partially in ruins (Amsterdam at Abandzi; English Fort at British Komenda; Batenstein at Butre; Prinzensten at Keta), four ruins with visible structures (Nassau at Mouri; Fredensborg at Old Ningo; Vredenburg at Dutch Komenda; Vernon at Prampram and Dorothea at Akwida) and two sites with traces of former fortifications (Frederiksborg at Amanful, Cape Coast and Augustaborg at Teshie, Accra)."
so 3 castles, 15 forts, 4 forts "partially in ruins" and 2 "sites with traces" = 24 locations
The provinces of Greater Accra and Volta (at least Prinzensten) thus gain "representation"!

We don't have an original nomination Document and the AB evaluation of 1979 criticises the inventory of sites and asks for more information - yet it still seems to have been inscribed
Much, much later in 1998 the "State of Conservation Report" - https://whc.unesco.org/archive/repcom98.htm#sc34 - states as follows -
"The Forts and Castles of Ghana, as inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1979, consist of three castles, 15 forts in a relatively good condition, ten forts in ruins and seven sites with traces of former fortifications. All sites are protected monuments in the custody of the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board (GMMB), with the exception of James Fort, Accra and Fort William, Anomabu, which are still being used as prisons."
So - 3 Castles, 15 forts in "relatively good condition", 10 forts "in ruins", 7 "with traces" = 35 locations!!!!!!

To make things even more "complicated" I found this page from "UNESCO GHana" and it lists 28 locations!!!! But at least it provides an inventory of them which the "35 list" does not, so perhaps it is the best one to use??
http://unescoghana.org/museums-and-heritage-sites/

A slight "worry"/surprise is the extent to which other sites on the Web don't seem to recognise that some of these castles/forts are UNESCO inscribed!! If one takes Osu Castle (aka Christianborg). This is an important building which was once the seat of government of Ghana. Yet neither the Wiki article on it nor the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board make ANY mention that it is UNESCO inscribed!!!!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osu_Castle
http://www.ghanamuseums.org/forts/fort-christianburg.php

If we do accept these additions including Osu, then we need to add a Connection for "Located in a Capital city" for this WHS

Author elsslots
Admin
#36 | Posted: 30 Apr 2018 13:30 
Solivagant:
We have only recognised 8 in our entry/map

And to make matters worse I put 11 in the intro text.
Well, nothing else to do than to correct it I guess.

The missing ones are:
- Fort Amsterdam, Abandze
- Fort Patience (Fort Leysaemhyt), Apam
- Cape Coast Castle, Cape Coast
Fort Apollonia
Fort Gross Fredericksburg
"Fort Dorothea Akwida"
Fort Orange
Fort William
Fort William (Lighthouse)
Fort Victoria
Nassau
Vredenburg
Frederiksborg
Fort Prinzensten
Christiansborg Castle
Ussher Fort (Creuvecoeur)
James Fort
Augustaborg
Vernon (Defence)
Fredensborg (Stop over)

Will try to find their locations.

Author elsslots
Admin
#37 | Posted: 30 Apr 2018 14:12 
Found most of them, except:
- 21 Frederiksborg (Cape Coast)
- 26 Augustaborg, Teshie (found Teshie but not the ruined fort)
- 27 Vernon (Defence)
- 28 Fredensborg (Stop over) (also in ruins)

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#38 | Posted: 30 Apr 2018 14:31 
elsslots:
21 Frederiksborg (Cape Coast)

Wiki says of it -
"Fort Frederiksborg, later Fort Royal, was a Danish and later English fort on the Gold Coast in contemporary Ghana. It was built in 1661, with the approval of the King of Fetu, a few hundred yards from Cape Coast Castle........After the English in 1665 took over Cape Coast Castle, reinforced it, and used it as their new headquarters, the Danes had little use of their fort. The fort was first pawned to the English in 1679 before it was finally sold to them in 1685. The English reconstructed the fort in 1699 and renamed it Fort Royal. They soon abandoned it again, however"

The Ghana Museums and Monuments bard says of it
"Fort Royal, Cape Coast. Fort Royal is in ruin, with no trace."
See - http://www.ghanamuseums.org/forts/fort-royal.php
Yet it is No 21 on their list of UNESCO inscribed Forts!!!!

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#39 | Posted: 30 Apr 2018 15:25 
Came across this Government Document from Ghana -
"GHANA NATIONAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (2015 -2035) - Volume I: Conditions and Main Issues"
Paras 6.7.1 and 6.7.2 contain a list of the locations for the Forts (24) and the Asanti Shrines (10)
http://www.ghanalap.gov.gh/files/NSDF-Final-Report-Vol-I-Final-Edition-TAC.pdf

Perhaps we should remove from our list of shrines these ones missing from the list in the report?? (Also this is another example where the first of our locations is the same as the entire site)
35-003 Abetifi
35-005 Akokoanbong
35-013 Obomeng

Author elsslots
Admin
#40 | Posted: 1 May 2018 13:04 
Solivagant:
(Also this is another example where the first of our locations is the same as the entire site)

I think the first is Besease, and that I forgot to name it. Would that make sense?

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#41 | Posted: 1 May 2018 17:15 
elsslots:
Would that make sense?

Yes - called Ejisu Besease in the "official" list from Ghana - which is correct because you may remember it is at Ejisu.
I see you have added the name already. So that leaves the issue of the "unofficial 3"!

Author winterkjm
Partaker
#42 | Posted: 12 May 2018 11:33 
Laas Geel (Somaliland)

One can hope this unique site will get more protection and recognition.

https://gulfnews.com/news/mena/somalia/laas-geel-heritage-world-s-best-kept-secret-1. 2209326

Professor Jameh added: "The high quality of material that was used to create this art is still a mystery for us. It is so unique that we are still not able to tell what kind of leaves they used to make that paint. Laas Geel is a true treasure trove. We are trying to get it recognized as a Unesco Heritage Site."

Author winterkjm
Partaker
#43 | Posted: 23 Jul 2018 09:23 | Edited by: winterkjm 
Ancient Kano City Walls (Nigeria)

Nearly 80% destroyed. I wonder if anything can be done before its too late? No progress for 10 years and the only funding came from the German government? Failing infrastructure, lack of affordable housing, lack of accessible garbage disposal, poverty, urban encroachment, sustainable development awareness, cultural education, rapidly increasing population. The human challenges are numerous, I wonder if through the upstream process and perhaps even an emergency nomination the Ancient Kano City Walls can be inscribed, put on the danger list, and allocated funds to save what is left?

https://mg.co.za/article/2018-07-23-people-politics-threaten-kanos-ancient-walls

Author GaryArndt
Partaker
#44 | Posted: 23 Jul 2018 13:20 
Unfortunately, the political situation in Somaliland will probably prevent this site from being listed. They might have to do something like they did with Jerusalem.

It might be interesting to keep a list of potential WHS in disputed territories. South Georgia Island comes to mind immediately. It is a 5-star site that will probably never get listed due to the complications with the UK and Argentina.

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#45 | Posted: 23 Jul 2018 14:37 
GaryArndt:
It might be interesting to keep a list of potential WHS in disputed territories

See -
https://www.worldheritagesite.org/connection/Disputed+territories

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 African Continent World Heritage

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