Full Name of Site: Rock Art of the Chumash People
Country: United States of America (CA)
Short description of site: Serial nomination of 3 outstanding sites. 1) Painted Rock is a free-standing rock on the Carrizo Plain near the Sierra Madre Mountains at the southern tip of the Great Central Valley. 2) Pleito Cave (Wind Wolves): Within the Main Cave of the site, there are 12 multi-colored, or polychrome, panels comprising many hundreds of individual elements with likely the greatest intensity of superimposed painting of any pictograph site on the North American continent. It is for this reason that the famous rock-art researcher Campbell Grant (1978: 532) described the site as the "finest example of prehistoric rock art in the United States." Chumash rock art depicts images like humans, animals, celestial bodies, and other (at times ambiguous) shapes and patterns. The colors of the paintings vary as well, from red or black monochromes (different shades of a single color) to elaborate polychromes (many various colors). 3) Chumash Painted Cave State Historic Park: The walls of this small cave carved from towering sandstone boulders contain some of the finest remaining rock art created by Chumash Native Americans.
Resources: Flickr Album, Rock Art of the Chumash People (Wikipedia), Chumash Painted Cave 3D Modeling
Outstanding universal value / comparative analysis: Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco (Mexico), Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape (China)
Site: Carrizo Plain
Description: The Carrizo Plain is a large enclosed grassland plain, approximately 50 miles (80 km) long and up to 15 miles (24 km) across, in California. It would be the only representation of the Californian shrubland known for its floral biodiversity and its superbloom. It was supposed to be included in the new American tentative list, but opposition expressed by some of the locals prevented its inclusion. Its preservation is threatened by petroleum production and grazing.
A little bit of overlap. My proposal "Rock Art of the Chumash People" includes Painted Rock which is located at the heart of Carrizo Plain National Monument. On a personal level, I love Carrizo Plain and I have visited and re-visited this remote National Monument at least 4 times. Here is my Flickr Album
that shows some of the highlights. However, I hesitated to propose this site for 2 reasons. Ranchers in the area have grazing rights in large areas of the park, which was a compromise I don't think BLM should make. Depending on the time of year, cattle and what they leave behind can be a nuisance. Second, when this was discussed (on occasion) to be added to the US Tentative List over the last 20 years, it was usually proposed as a mixed site, because if its historic importance to the Chumash people in addition to its important habitat values. Therefore, I settled on the exceptional nature of "Painted Rock" as a sacred landscape included with two other major Chumash pictographs sites. The Badlands have been seconded and while Carrizo Plain is quite different, I am not sure both would be Top Missing? My proposal did not follow the National Monument boundaries and would be limited to the area of Painted Rock, which can only be accessed by organized tour or by a reserved key code (emailed to you by park staff), depending on the season.