- The Architectural Works of Alvar Aalto
Finland, Russia, USA, Germany. TWHS?
Yes: Paimio hospital (formerly Paimio Sanatorium)
Yes, I also think that a serial site from Alvar Aalto's works should warrant inscription. Since I see it has been already seconded, I propose a slight amendment.
Rationale: Together with Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, and Gropius, he was a master of modern architecture. He represents a more naturalistic and less purist approach to modern architecture, and in a very different vein to Frank Lloyd Wright. He also was a forerunner of what was called "critical regionalism" or "regional modernism" (very followed in my country, BTW) trends to adapt modern architecture to their natural/social/cultural/technological context, rather than imposing an international style.
Then, what works of his should be best to inscribe? Considering this source
, and this
, which I found very comprehensive and other ones I've seen/read throughout the years, I propose just 8 works, in Finland, USA and Germany (out of hundreds):
-Of course the TLS Paimio Sanatorium
(1933, Paimio, Finland).
-The Viipuri Library
(1935,Vyborg, Russia): Together with Paimio, it was one of his earliest and most resonating masterpieces, a revolutionary building that -even when partly a reconstruction, after the terrible damage it suffered during WWII- should definitely be considered.
(1939, Noormarkku, Finland)
-MIT's Baker House (
Cambridge, MA, USA, 1946) This brick-faced building, with an undulating shape, responded to its context and provided an ingenious architectural solution to the provision of adequate ventilation, illumination and vistas to the students.
-Säynätsalo Town Hall
(1949, Säynätsalo, Finland): just like Wolfsburg, but extremely different, this building is just a work of genious regarding its plan and volumetry. It's extremely simple, but at the same time extremely varied and the work in brick that he undertook during that time of his career completely softened the building, especially in comparison with the Brutalist turn that Modern Architecture was taken at that same time in the world.
-The Muuratsalo Experimental House
(1953, Jyväskylä, Finland): this is outstanding for how he used it as a way to experiment techniques that he would then use in other, bigger works, most notably solar heating, being then a frontrunner of green architecture.
-The Vuoksenniska Church
(1958, Imatra, Finland) of his ecclesiastical works, I prefer it even to the later Riola church (1978), it was a very revolutionary church with a very flexible floorplan.
-Wolfsburg Cultural Centre
(1962, Wolfsburg, NS, Germany) I remember studying like mad this building in the university. Its plan and volumetry are just a work of genious, it has a rooftop open, public space, which was pretty new for its time.Criteria: