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Top 50 - Europe and North America [2020]

 
 
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Author winterkjm
Partaker
#256 | Posted: 12 May 2020 12:10 
Any volunteers to update these approved proposals, info is pretty sparse or non-existent. Even small additions would be welcome to clarify OUV.

History of Film: Hollywood & Movie Palaces on Broadway, Los Angeles (USA)
The Mall of Washington DC (USA)
French Quarter of New Orleans (USA)
Padova Urbs Picta (Italy)
Aran Islands (Ireland)
Clonmacnoise (Ireland)
Oxford and Cambridge historic universities (UK)
Ancient City of Kaunos (Turkey)
Minoan Palaces of Crete (Greece)
Golden Gate Bridge (USA)

Author Assif
Partaker
#257 | Posted: 12 May 2020 13:07 
Sjobe:
As promised I second this. OK, there are lots of petroglyph WHS already, but I think that this may be the largest and most interesting petroglyph site in Northern Europe.

I think a speciality about this nomination is that the sites which are 330 km aside are related.

Author Sjobe
Partaker
#258 | Posted: 12 May 2020 13:08 | Edited by: Sjobe 
winterkjm:
Ancient City of Kaunos (Turkey)

There is a small description on my proposal

Author Colvin
Partaker
#259 | Posted: 12 May 2020 13:13 | Edited by: Colvin 
I'll take care of text for Padova Urbs Picta and the Minoan Palaces of Crete. (Note, these sites have already been proposed and seconded)

Full Name of Site: Padova Urbs Picta
Country: Italy
TWHS? Yes
Short description of site: The ensemble of works in Padova by Giotto and the masters who were inspired by him during the 14th century represents a phase of absolute national and international importance in the development of painting. The Scrovegni Chapel represents the first example in history of a very strong relationship between an artist, Giotto, and his commissioner, Enrico Scrovegni. Other relationships between artists and clients, including the Friars Minor of the Basilica of St. Anthony, the Lords of Padova, and a rare female commissioner, Fina Buzzaccarini, soon followed with buildings throughout Padova. The usage of architectural frameworks, both real and painted, to encompass the various scenes, introduced a completely innovative relationship between the 'painting' and the 'built' parts. The paintings also embraced the use of perspective lines and emotional expression of individual characters. This unique ensemble of works, still perfectly preserved nowadays, can be seen only in Padova, granting the city the moniker 'Capital of 14th Century Fresco Painting', which is universally recognised.

Criteria: Cultural
Outstanding universal value / comparative analysis: Historical Centre of Firenze, Painted Churches in Troodos Region, Historic Centre of Avignone, White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal

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Full Name of Site: Minoan Palatial Centres (Knossos, Phaistos, Malia, Zakros, Kydonia)
Country: Greece
TWHS? Yes
Short description of site: The Minoan palatial centres are the main witnesses to the Minoan civilisation, that of a great Bronze Age maritime power which exercised an enormous influence on cultures - both contemporary and later - of the East Mediterranean. They highlight an early form of complex urban society, with marvellous buildings, a groundbreaking water and drainage system, and masterpieces of art and early writing systems. The first organised form of diplomatic foreign policy in the Aegean arose from these Minoan palatial centres, leading to the development of relationships with other civilisations of the East Mediterranean. Additionally, the myths connected to these Minoan palaces (the Minotaur and the Labyrinth, Daedalus and Icarus, Theseus and Ariadne, etc.) exercised a great influence on mythology and the arts throughout the ancient world and remain a source of inspiration for world art, music, and literature today.

Criteria: Cultural
Outstanding universal value / comparative analysis: Mycenae and Tiryns

Author mrayers
Partaker
#260 | Posted: 12 May 2020 15:05 
I'll do something for The Mall tomorrow...

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#261 | Posted: 12 May 2020 16:07 
Full Name of Site: Aran Islands
Country: Ireland
TWHS Partially -> Most prominent stone forts is on Inishmore.
Short description of site: Situated in Galway Bay, the Aran islands were settled 2.500 years ago. Settlers thought the protection of the islands against attackers and build massive stone forts, many of which remain today. The most prominent example is Dun Aonghusa which is build on cliffs facing the Atlantic Ocean. The land was developed by humans and has remained relatively untouched over the centuries. The standard settlement structure is a Clachan.
Criteria: Mixed
Outstanding universal value/Comparative analysis: Skellig Michael. Orklands.

Author Colvin
Partaker
#262 | Posted: 12 May 2020 16:46 | Edited by: Colvin 
nfmungard:
Full Name of Site: Aran Islands
Country: Ireland
Criteria: Mixed

You've given a good cultural reason to inscribe the Aran Islands (the TWHS for the Western Stone Forts also has some good cultural background on Dún Aonghasa and the preserved medieval landscape of the Aran Islands), but if this is going to be a mixed nomination, there should be some text regarding the natural side of the Aran Islands. Wikipedia suggests that the Aran Islands have a similar geology and flora and fauna to the Burren, so you may be able to crib some text from the Burren TWHS.

Author Jurre
Partaker
#263 | Posted: 12 May 2020 18:05 
winterkjm:
Ancient City of Kaunos (Turkey)

Full Name of Site: Ancient City of Kaunos
Country: Turkey
TWHS? Yes
Short description of site: Kaunos was a port city of extremely strategic importance especially for the merchant ships travelling between East Mediterranean and Aegean Sea. The city was constructed on terraces; significant religious structures like Baselius Kaunios Temple, Apollon Sanctuary and Demeter Sacred Rocks on one side and Bath, Theatre and other structures including Palaestra on a large terrace which is called Upper City on the other.
Many architectural remains unearthed in Kanuos are the early examples and archetypes of Anatolian archaeology and they mostly enable our understanding of their original designs. The rock-cut tombs which are peculiar to Kaunos are among the most prominent. The façades of the rock-cut tombs resemble the fronts of Hellenistic temples, which demonstrates an interaction among different cultures. They also appear in other ancient cities in the vicinity of Kaunos, which brings out the idea that this tradition was spread from Kaunos.
Kaunosians are the only representation of an Anatolian cult in this region in the sense that they used a naturally found stone pillar as a symbol for their God. Above all, the city is a testimony to a civilization with its own language which lived only in this region of the world.
Criteria: Cultural

Author winterkjm
Partaker
#264 | Posted: 13 May 2020 00:48 | Edited by: winterkjm 
Full Name of Site: History of Film: Hollywood & the Movie Palaces on Broadway, Los Angeles
Country: USA
TWHS? No
Short description of site: The Broadway Theater District (Los Angeles) with twelve movie palaces located along a six-block stretch of Broadway, it is the large concentration of movie palaces left in the United States. The district includes 12 movie theaters built between 1910 and 1931. By 1931, the district had the highest concentration of cinemas in the world. In 1926 through 1931, the earliest theaters began to open on what is today Hollywood Boulevard, these being El Capitan Theatre, the Chinese Theatre, the Egyptian Theatre, and the Pantages Theatre. Today these historic theatres are part of the Hollywood Boulevard Commercial and Entertainment District.
Criteria: Cultural
Resources: Flickr Album

I just wanted to update the text and clarify the boundaries/components. I do love the gorgeous movie palaces located in the The Broadway Theater District (Los Angeles). In addition, I included the 4 historic theatres on Hollywood Blvd. I think this highlights the best Los Angeles and Hollywood have to offer in regards to the History of Film.

Author Assif
Partaker
#265 | Posted: 13 May 2020 02:35 | Edited by: Assif 
Name: Central Siberia Nature Reserve
Country: Russia
TWHS: no
Description: With over 1 million hectares of protected area, it is one of the largest forest reserves in the world. The reserve is located in the middle Yenisei, lower Bakhta and lower Stony Tunguska river valleys, of the Central Siberian Plateau. Notably, the territory covers both banks of the Yenisei for over 60 km. Central Siberia is located in the East Siberian taiga ecoregion. The plant life of the reserve has aspects of both boreal and arctic floral communities, and are representative of the low hills of the Central Siberian Plateau dominated by taiga forests. The river valleys support extensive wetland meadows with reed-grass and forb plant communities and aquatic plants of the shallow oxbow lakes. Scientists on the reserve have recorded over 500 species of vascular plants. The Yenisei is a flyway for migratory birds, and the reserve supports bird-watching excursions.
Criteria: natural

Author mrayers
Partaker
#266 | Posted: 13 May 2020 04:39 | Edited by: mrayers 
Full Name of Site: The Mall of Washington DC, and associated buildings
Country: USA
TWHS No
Short description of site: Conceived in 1790 as a rectangular public green space to be the centerpiece of Pierre L'Enfant's design for the new capital city, construction of major neoclassical government buildings and the first monuments around its periphery began in the late 18th century and continued into the mid-19th century. The final phase of construction, including the parks and gardens, additional monuments, and major public buildings began in earnest around 1920, and continues at a slower pace to this day. Today, the site includes impressive monuments to individuals who made notable contributions to society, Washington, Lincoln, Jefferson, ML King, Roosevelt, and currently 12 major museums, designed in Victorian, Beaux-Arts classical, and modern styles. As a public gathering place for official functions, celebrations, cultural events, and social activism, the site is unsurpassed.
Criteria: Cultural
Outstanding universal value/Comparative analysis: Museum Island, Brasilia, Paris Banks of Seine

Author Jurre
Partaker
#267 | Posted: 13 May 2020 04:43 
Assif:
Name: Central Siberia Nature Reserve

I was literally halfway the same proposal, but decided against it, as I thought the Putorana Plateau already represented the East Siberia taiga and it wouldn't be seconded.

But I second this. Siberia is too big to be just represented by one natural site. Also, multiple reserves in the same ecoregion can be of international importance.

Author Assif
Partaker
#268 | Posted: 13 May 2020 07:46 | Edited by: Assif 
Jurre:
Putorana Plateau already represented the East Siberia taiga and it wouldn't be seconded.

Putorana Plateau is a tundra and Central Siberia NR is covered with conifer forests. I am happy you have seconded it.

Author winterkjm
Partaker
#269 | Posted: 13 May 2020 10:55 | Edited by: winterkjm 
mrayers:
The Mall of Washington DC, and associated buildings

Should this nomination be called the "The Mall of Washington D.C. and Tidal Basin". It would not be appropriate to include the full NPS boundaries (Arlington National Cemetery and the White House) right?

Author Jurre
Partaker
#270 | Posted: 13 May 2020 13:19 | Edited by: Jurre 
Full Name of Site: Engineering of Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Country: UK
TWHS? No
Short description of site: Brunel was an English civil engineer who is considered "one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history", "one of the 19th-century engineering giants" and "one of the greatest figures of the Industrial Revolution". This proposal would include some of Brunel's most famous constructions. (1) Thames Tunnel is an underwater tunnel, built beneath the River Thames in London. It was the first tunnel known to have been constructed successfully underneath a navigable river. (2) Maidenhead Railway Bridge is a single structure of two tall wide red brick arches buttressed by two over-land smaller arches carrying the Great Western main line over the River Thames. The bridge carries the railway across the river on a deck supported by a pair of elliptical brick arches which, at the time of their construction, were the widest and flattest in the world. (3) Royal Albert Bridge is a railway bridge which spans the River Tamar in England between Plymouth and Saltash. Its unique design consists of two 138.7 m lenticular iron trusses 30.5 m above the water, with conventional plate-girder approach spans. (4) The South Devon Railway engine houses were built in Devon, England, to power the atmospheric trains on the South Devon Railway between Exeter St Davids and Plymouth Millbay railway stations. They contained boilers that provided the power to pumps that created the partial vacuum to move the trains. Three of them still stand largely intact alongside the line. (5) The Box Tunnel passes through Box Hill on the Great Western Main Line between Bath and Chippenham. When completed, it was the world's longest railway tunnel.
Criteria: Cultural

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 Top 50 - Europe and North America [2020]
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