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TOP 50 - ASIA AND THE PACIFIC [2020]

 
 
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Author carlosarion
Partaker
#31 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 02:35 | Edited by: carlosarion 
winterkjm:
Geopolitics in the region is so tenuous

I would say that geopolitics could dictate how nominations and transnational cooperation for the preservation of shared heritage would progress... which is sad. But with the way things China has been handling affairs with neighboring countries, it is completely understandable.

Author clyde
Partaker
#32 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 02:50 
I'm pasting my misplaced proposals here before adding others:

Herat, Afghanistan (seconded)
The site is unique in that it has largely retained its historical footprint, and many significant Islamic monuments have survived.

Abbassid mosques in Damghan, Siraf and Nayin, Iran
earliest surviving minarets in Iran; important trading points of Abbassid empire

Ghazna and ruins of al-Askar at Lashkar-i Bazar, Afghanistan
Ghaznavids citadel, towers and winter palace; 10th century monuments and decoratrive cenotaphs in modern Ghazni

Author mrayers
Partaker
#33 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 03:57 
carlosarion:
Timor-Leste - no UNESCO site so far, no sites on the tentative list. Ratification of the convention: 2016
Nino Konis Santana National Park: based on the Wikipedia article and Miksic et al (2011), it is the country's first national park, and it is also within the Coral Triangle.

I will certainly second this (have visited, before it became a park). There are some nice cultural traditions in this area as well, but possibly not widespread or unique enough to merit a mixed site.

Author Assif
Partaker
#34 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 04:07 
I would like to support the following sites:
clyde:
Ghazna and ruins of al-Askar at Lashkar-i Bazar, Afghanistan

nfmungard:
Name. Colonial Shanghai

FredericM:
Full Name of Site: Baa Atoll
Country: Maldives

carlosarion:
Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna: the city walls and monuments within are a beautiful manifestation of the legacy of the Kingdom of Lanna

carlosarion:
Tana Toraja Traditional Settlement

Sjobe:
Desert Castles of Ancient Khorezm (T) Uzbekistan

Sjobe:
Nasqsh-e Rostam and Naqsh-e Rajab (T) Iran


Author Assif
Partaker
#35 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 04:08 | Edited by: Assif 
nfmungard:
Name. Backwaters Kerala
Country: India
Rationale: A very popular tourist sites. Essentially a huge tropical canal area in Kerala.

According to Wikipedia, it is a natural site with lagoons and lakes, rather than manmade canals.

Author clyde
Partaker
#36 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 05:26 
Moreover, I propose the following new sites too:

Australia:

Crab migration on Christmas Island
Mount Kaputar Alpine Ecosystem
The Pinnacles

India:

Ranakpur Jain Temple
Shatrunjaya Hill Palitana Temples
Lonar Crater/Lake
Mahabat Maqbara and the Tomb of Bahar-ud-din Bhar, Junagadh
Chitrashala paintings of Bundi
Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai
Gol Gumbaz Mausoleum
Cremation Ghats of Varanasi

Indonesia:

Balinese wayang painted ceilings of Kerta Gosa and Bale Kambang
Sultanate of Yogyakarta Palace Complexes

Nepal:

Annapurna 7-8K Mountain Ranges
Mustang Cultural Lanscape

Author Assif
Partaker
#37 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 05:52 | Edited by: Assif 
Here is the IUCN gap study: http://archive.org/stream/reviewofworldher04magi#page/112/mode/2up

I will try to propose some sites to fill up these gaps:

B:
1) Andaman Sea

Name: Myeik Archipelago (also Mergui)
Country: Myanmar
TWHS: yes
Description: The Myeik Archipelago (MA) comprises about 800 islands of primarily limestone and granite located along 60 km off Myanmar's southern coast. These islands are covered by lowland wet evergreen forest and surrounded by an extensive coral reef system. Mangrove forests, beach and dune forests, and seagrass beds add to the faunal and floral diversity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mergui_Archipelago

2) Central Asian deserts

Name: Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Country: Tajikistan
TWHS: yes
Description: The 460 km2 reserve is described by the WWF as the most important nature reserve in Central Asia, because of its large size and ecological diversity. In addition it is very important for rare species of tugay, or riparian forest, ecosystems. The highest elevations reach about 1,200 m above sea level. The climate is continental and dry, the different habitats of Tigrovaya Balka comprise semideserts, savanna-like grasslands with pistachio trees and tugay vegetation with poplars, Russian silverberry and high grasses.

3) Fiji (marine)

Name: Namena Marine Reserve
Country: Fiji
TWHS: no
Description: The Namena Marine Reserve is home to more than 1,000 species of invertebrates, 400 known corals, 445 documented marine plants and over 1,100 fish species. Namena is a migratory pathway for cetaceans; you may encounter species such as bottlenose and spinner dolphins, or pilot, minke, sperm, and humpback whales. Four of the world's seven sea turtle species can be found in Fiji, and both green and hawksbill sea turtles regularly nest on Namena's beaches. Namena Island is a primary seabird nesting site, with approximately 600 pairs of protected red- footed booby birds. There are 3 different types of sea snake and numerous land snakes on the islands.
http://www.namena.org/marine-life/

4) Maldives-Chagos atolls - already proposed

C:
5) Sub-tropical forests of Cambodia

Name: Southern Cardamom NP
Country: Cambodia
TWHS: no (TWHS in planning stage)
Description: The Southern Cardamom National Park connects older protections in and around the Greater Cardamom Mountains, effectively creating a so-called mega-protection totalling 18,211 km2 (7,031 sq mi). In addition to safeguarding habitats and wildlife corridors for larger animals, a main purpose of the national park is to create a safe wildlife protection for reintroducing tigers to Cambodia.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Cardamom_National_Park

6) tropical montane forests of Sumatra, Philippines and Sulawesi: Sumatra is already represented. Reserves in the Philippines have already been proposed. Here comes a proposal for Sulawesi.

Name: Lore Lindu NP
Country: Indonesia
TWHS: no
Description: The Indonesian national park is 2,180 km² covering both lowland and montane forests (200 to 2,610 meters above mean sea level). It provides habitat to numerous rare species, including 77 bird species endemic to Sulawesi. The national park is designated as part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. In addition to its rich wildlife, the park also contains megaliths dating from before 1300 AD.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lore_Lindu_National_Park

7) shrubland and savannahs of Southwest Australia

Name: Kalbarri NP
Country: Australia
TWHS: no
Description: Kalbarri National Park preserves the inland desert regions of red and white striped Tumblagooda sandstone east of the town of Kalbarri. More than 800 species of wildflowers bloom from late winter through early summer. The park area has observation records for about 200 different animal species in the interior of the park along the Murchison River. More than 400 species have been recorded near the coast and around the town of Kalbarri. The threatened tammar wallaby was observed previously in the area but not lately.

8) rainforests of Polynesia and Micronesia

Name: Sovi Basin
Country: Fiji
TWHS: yes
Description: Covering approximately 19,600 hectares, the basin is blanketed by a well-preserved tropical lowland forest, which is Fiji's largest and most biologically diverse. Sovi basin resides within the Polynesia/Micronesia biodiversity hotspot, one of 34 hot spots throughout the globe. A 40,700 hectares (101,000 acres) area covering the basin is the Sovi Basin Important Bird Area. This area supports the largest protected populations of many of Fiji's restricted-range species, including the endangered Long-legged thicketbird, the vulnerable Pink-billed parrotfinch and Shy Ground-dove, and the near threatened Masked shining parrot.

9) mangroves of Eastern Papua and Northern Australia

Name: Trans-Fly Complex
Country: PNG (with possible extension to Indonesia and to include Kakdu NP in Australia)
TWHS: yes
Description: The property is a mixed cultural and natural site straddling the international border of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. This low-lying region of savannas, wetlands and monsoon forest habitats covers more than 10 million ha. The area is home to some of the largest and healthiest wetlands in the Asia-Pacific region. Over 50% of New Guinea's total bird population is found in the ecoregion, including 80 species endemic to New Guinea. A complete range of largely intact vegetation types from coastal mangroves through savannas and tropical dry forests includes all representative types of monsoonal climate vegetation.

Author mrayers
Partaker
#38 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 05:57 
Colvin:
Here's my proposal for the Pacific, with the assumption that territories/states are best nominated in the regions within which they reside. If the decision is made otherwise, I understand that this might need to be moved.

Full Name of Site: Heritage of the Hawaiian Kingdom
Country: United States
TWHS? NO
Short description of site: The Kingdom of Hawaii existed in its unified form for almost 100 years,

I am going to go ahead and endorse this proposal now, whether it stays here, or gets moved to N. Am. later.

This is one I probably wouldn't have thought of, but which, now that it has been put forth, seems totally obvious.

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#39 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:21 
winterkjm:
Would you have preferred London's WHS being compacted into one world heritage site?

I am not a fan of splitting WHS up in any case, disregarding the location or country. Jongmyo and Changdeokgung are literally in walking distance and to me should have been combined from the start. City Walls Nomination is still out there. I could also see the traditional neighborhoods in Buam-dong being an idea...

To me it seems the Koreans are cutting and slicing OUV in small portions instead of combining them into larger chunks. They are not alone in this, though. Germany does it, too.

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#40 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:23 
winterkjm:
This may be the closest we get to the Beijing Hutongs (at least partially) being recognized. The Beijing city governments action (over decades) to demolish the hutongs are pretty well documented at this point.

Sounds good. I would leave the Imperial Palace out, though, seeing it was a city in a city.

winterkjm:
The City Wall of Xi'an is part of this nomination City Walls of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. As the name indicates, the wall is primarily a Ming fortification (when the capital of China was moved to Peking (Beijing).

For me Xian (like Beijing) would warrant to be a WHS proper and not just a few locations of larger serial nominations.

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#41 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:26 
Colvin:
olonial Shanghai (I assume you specifically mean The Bund),

Also the French Concession. Both.

davidyao:
TOP 20 China missing voted by Chinese WHS Fans in last year.

Top 10
1 Jomolangma (Everest)
2 Western Xia Imperial Tombs
3 Wooden Structures of Liao Dynasty—Wooden Pagoda of Yingxian County,Main Hall of Fengguo Monastery of Yixian County
4 Archaeological Sites of the Ancient Shu State
5 Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon—Namjagbarwa
6 Vertical Vegetation Landscape and Volcanic Landscape in Changbai Mountain
7 Scenic and historic area of Sacred Mountains and Lakes(Mount Kailash)
8 Quanzhou(Zayton)
9 The Ancient Waterfront Towns in the South of Yangtze River
10 Imperial Mausoleums of the Tang Dynasty

Would really like to see the reasoning of scoring Zayton higher than Shanghai.

winterkjm:
Yeah, it is interesting that under the currently plan the Temple of Heaven and the Forbidden City will gain a double inscription. I think there could be more of a justification for encompassing the Temple of Heaven into the much broader Central Axis of Beijing nomination, but the Forbidden City, which is already combined with the Shenyang Palace is where it becomes even more complicated.

Central Area is also part of the Grand Canal.

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#42 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:28 
carlosarion:
onle Sap: a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. Can be both natural and cultural

clyde:
Cremation Ghats of Varanasi

Seconded.
* Tonle Sap with the Reverse River etc. is just amazing.
* Varanasi is dirty but culturally unique.

Author elsslots
Admin
#43 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:29 
OMG! Third page already. I'd better start copying things into the spreadsheet

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#44 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:37 
Redoing my proposals that weren't seconded.

Name. Tea Plantations of India (Nilgiri, Darjeeling, Assam)
Country: India
Rationale: Indian tea is a global staple and the team farms all across the subcontinent are iconic. Indeed, we have some tea related sites already included in the list: The mountain railways and the western ghats. Essentially a lot of what you see from the train windows are tea plantations. They also resulted in significant social changes, e.g. the tea garden communities of Assam.

https://teatrunk.in/blogs/all/the-beauty-of-indian-tea-gardens
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilgiri_tea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea-garden_community_of_Assam

Images:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilgiri_tea#/media/File:Nonsuch_Estate,_Coonoor.jpg
https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHBD_deDE741DE742&sxsrf=ALeKk00xMVVLGl09rswU6ktIA6W6fOkCAw:1587206022406&q=assam+tea+plantation&tbm=isch&source=univ&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiEk5qZ4_HoAhWP3KQKHdSTBbkQ7Al6BAgHEDM&biw=1536&bih=754
https://www.google.com/search?q=darjeeling+tea+plantation&tbm=isch&ved=2ahUKEwjjxpe-4_HoAhUtuqQKHYUfBEIQ2-cCegQIABAA&oq=darjtea+plantation&gs_lcp=CgNpbWcQARgAMgYIABAHEB46CAgAEAgQBxAeUPI6WK5AYOFMaABwAHgAgAFFiAHiAZIBATSYAQCgAQGqAQtnd3Mtd2l6LWltZw&sclient=img&ei=09eaXqOROq30kgWFv5CQBA&bih=754&biw=1536&rlz=1C1CHBD_deDE741DE742

Name. Backwaters Kerala
Country: India
Rationale: A very popular tourist sites. Essentially a huge tropical canal area in Kerala.
The Kerala backwaters are a network of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India, as well as interconnected canals, rivers, and inlets, a labyrinthine system formed by more than 900 kilometres (560 mi) of waterways,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala_backwaters

Author nfmungard
Partaker
#45 | Posted: 18 Apr 2020 06:43 
Name. Colonial Botanical Gardens
Country: India, Thailand, South Africa, ...
Locations
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Cape Town, South Africa
Nongnooch Tropical Botanical Garden, Thailand
Calcutta Botanical Garden
Ooty Government Botanical Garden
...

Looking at the history of botanical gardens on wikipedia... this site would be huge.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botanical_garden

Some links.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_Botanical_Gardens,_Ooty#History
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acharya_Jagadish_Chandra_Bose_Indian_Botanic_Garden
https://www.wanderlust.co.uk/content/world-s-most-beautiful-botanical-gardens/

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