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Author Jurre
#826 | Posted: 3 Dec 2022 09:53 | Edited by: Jurre 
Connection: Cemeteries

Roman Walls of Lugo - Documents attest to the existence of a big cemetery in the vicinity of the wall near the southern part, where it cut the city in two. It is precisely that southern section, between the gates of Saint Peter and Saint James, that has the highest occurence of funerary inscriptions reused in the wall, corresponding to the cemeteries in that sector. (Nomination file, p. 51)

Author Jurre
#827 | Posted: 4 Dec 2022 19:32 
Connection: Modelled after

Vienna - "The design of the richly adorned facade is modelled on the Gothic architecture of Flemish and Brabant secular buildings like the Brussels Town Hall." (Wikipedia)

Author jonathanfr
#828 | Posted: 6 Dec 2022 08:18 | Edited by: jonathanfr 
Invention of sweets

- Budapest: Dobos torte, Esterházy torte

- Great Spa Towns of Europe: Vichy Pastilles

- Istanbul: Lokum (Hacı Bekir)

- Santiago de Compostela: Tarta de Santiago

- Vienna: Sachertorte

Author Zoe
#829 | Posted: 6 Dec 2022 18:32 
Lokum is debatable though. It could be from Iran/Persia or Arabia but it was surely made famous by Bekir's shop in Istanbul and most of modern society will link Lokum to Turkey/Istanbul.

Apple strudel is from Vienna too :)

Author jonathanfr
#830 | Posted: 12 Dec 2022 03:30 
Sacred Mountains: Oaxaca and Monte Alban

Author jonathanfr
#831 | Posted: 12 Dec 2022 15:06 
Strict no-photography policy inside: St. Petersburg: Catherine Palace: Amber Room

Author jonathanfr
#832 | Posted: 15 Dec 2022 04:29 
Notable Bridges: Luang Prabang: Bamboo Bridges of Luang Prabang

Author jonathanfr
#833 | Posted: 15 Dec 2022 19:19 
Villages with Fortified Churches: Prison: Biertan's Matrimonial Prison

Author Jurre
#834 | Posted: 24 Dec 2022 20:57 
Connection: Name changes

W-Arly-Pendjari Complex - From "W National Park of Niger" to the current name (2017)

Author Jurre
#835 | Posted: 30 Dec 2022 11:25 | Edited by: Jurre 
Connection: Bazaars and Market Halls

Belfries – The belfry's "imposing volume formed either an isolated feature or a central or lateral element of the market halls, themselves often rebuilt in stone at an early date." (1999 AB Ev) Market halls are included in Bruges, Dendermonde, Ghent, Herentals, Mechelen, Nieuwpoort, Roeselare, Sint-Truiden and Ypres.

Connection: Benedictines

Belfries – The belfry of Gembloux was originally part of the former church of the Benedictine Abbey of Gembloux. (Nomination file, p. 7) (Dutch Wikipedia)

Connection: Charles V

Belfries – The coat of arms of Charles V features in a cartouche on the façade of the belfry of Binche. (Nomination file, p. 3, 5) On the spire of the town hall of Oudenaarde there is the imperial crown and a bronze statue of the local folk hero Hanske de Krijger. According to a legend, city guard Hanske was on the lookout for the arrival of Emperor Charles V. But because he fell asleep, the emperor stood before closed gates. He is said to have advised the people of Oudenaarde to buy glasses for their city guard. (Dutch Wikipedia)

Connection: Contains significant structures from the 20th Century

Belfries – While most belfries date from before the 20th century, some belfries that are part of the WHS have been built in the 20th century, e.g. Calais, Charleroi, Eeklo, Lille, Roeselare. Some of them have also been completely rebuilt after the First World War, e.g. Armentières, Bailleul, Diksmuide, Ieper, Nieuwpoort.

Connection: Damaged in World War II

Belfries – The belfry of Abbeville was nearly completely destroyed by bombardments in 1940. The belfry of Amiens was also bombarded in 1940. (Nomination file, p. 46, 47) The belfry of Bergues was severely damaged during the Second World War. (Nomination file, p. 7) The bell floor was hit by a fire bomb in May 1940. Although they were retreating, the Germans dynamited the belfry in September 1944. (French Wikipedia)

Author Jurre
#836 | Posted: 30 Dec 2022 11:56 | Edited by: Jurre 
Connection: Destroyed during invasion

Belfries – The Belfry and city hall of Binche were burnt down by the troops of the French king Henry II in 1554 when taking the city. (Nomination file, p. 4) One of the first versions of the belfry of Bergues was destroyed by the invading troops of the French king Charles VI in 1383. (Nomination file, p. 31)

Connection: Domes

Belfries – The belfries of Amiens, Cambrai and Gravelines are topped by a dome.

Connection: Elevators

Belfries – There is an elevator for tourists in the belfry of the Church of Saint-Éloi in Dunkerque and in the belfries of Arras and Lille. (Nomination file, p. 35, 38, 63)

Connection: Equestrian Statues

Belfries – A sculpture of an equestrian statue of Louis XIV decorates the façade of the belfry of the town hall of Dunkerque. (Nomination file, p. 36) (Photo)

Connection: European Capital of Culture

Belfries – Antwerp 1993, Bruges 2002, Lille 2004

Author Astraftis
#837 | Posted: 30 Dec 2022 20:16 
I was randomly browsing some connections and found that in king Chulalongkorn's one Roskilde is missing! Yes, he also went there and, as a longstanding tradition, his "royal highness" was measured on a column in the Chapel of the Magi. And he stands as the shortest of all! :-)

Author Jurre
#838 | Posted: 1 Jan 2023 06:10 
Connection: Gothic Revival

Belfries – In 1822 the belfry of Bruges received the current neo-Gothic crown finish instead of a spire. (Dutch Wikipedia)

Connection: Habsburgs (Austrian)

Belfries – On August 10, 1782, Emperor Joseph II granted permission for the construction of the current aldermen's house on the Grote Markt of Menen, called "het Landhuys". (Dutch Wikipedia)

Connection: Holy Roman Empire

Belfries – The first belfry of Cambrai was destroyed by Henry, King of the Romans, in 1226 as punishment for a rebellion. Only in 1395 did emperor Wenceslaus IV allow the construction of a new belfry with a clock. The current belfry was built from 1447 until 1474 as a clocktower of the church of Saint Martin. (Nomination file, p. 32)

Connection: Hotels in Historic Buildings

Belfries – The old City Hall with belfry of Lo-Reninge now houses the hotel and restaurant "'t Stadhuis". (Website)

Connection: Louis XIV

Belfries – A sculpture of an equestrian statue of Louis XIV decorates the façade of the belfry of the town hall of Dunkerque. (Nomination file, p. 36) After the devastating siege of 1710, the town of Aire-sur-la-Lys became French again. Mayor François de Lencquesaing and his aldermen wrote a letter to king Lous XIV asking them to be authorized to finance the reconstruction of the new belfry. He accepted the proposal on the condition of moving it to the back of the town hall so that it cannot be seen from the square. (Nomination File, p. 6) (French Wikipedia)

Author Jurre
#839 | Posted: 1 Jan 2023 06:16 
Connection: Name changes

Belfries – From "The Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia" to "Belfries of Belgium and France" (2005)

Connection: Obelisk

Belfries – "The Hôtel de Ville in Antwerpen (1564) is an excellent example of the transposition of Renaissance principles in the central risalith with superposed diminishing registers flanked by obelisks and scrollwork and finished with a pediment, reiterating the theme of the central belfry." (1999 AB Ev) (Photo)

Connection: Poetic Quotations

Belfries – Émile Verhaeren in "Bruges au loin" : « Bruges et ses clochers de pierre / Et Saint-Sauveur et Notre-Dame / Montent, tels des géants, dans l'air. / Mais le plus haut, mais le plus clair, / Celui dont le cadran de flamme, / Comme un soleil luit sur les toits / C'est le beffroi; / Il regarde jusqu'à la mer. » (Source)

Connection: Reinforced Concrete

Belfries – Reinforced concrete was used for the construction of the Lille and Calais belfries and for the reconstruction of the Arras and Comines belfries. (Nomination file, p. 27, 41)

Connection: Romanesque

Belfries – The belfry of Boulogne is "in the Roman style". (2005 AB Ev) The belfry of Saint-Riquier is in the Romanesque style, as are the lower parts of the belfries of Boulogne and of the Church of Saint-Éloi in Dunkerque (Nomination file, p. 24, 35), and the Church of Saint-Germanus in Tienen. (Dutch Wikipedia)


The Name change also needs to be added to the "Site History" rubric.

Author Jurre
#840 | Posted: 3 Jan 2023 10:45 
These are the last (for the belfries), I promise...

Connection: Spolia

Belfries – The two first floors of the Douai belfry were constructed with materials from the castle of Cantin, which was being demolished at that time, and several buildings in the town. (Nomination file, p. 34)

Connection: Thirty Years' War

Belfries – During the Thirty Years' War, Arras was besieged and taken by the French in 1640. During the siege, the belfry was shot at by canons of the French army. (French Wikipedia)

Connection: Urban fabric

Belfries – "As major and central elements of the medieval town, the belfries have conserved their importance and played a pivotal role in the development of the urban fabric right up to present times." (Official description)

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