Würzburg: I was surprised that the Würzburg Residence has two locations. The second component is the Rosenbach Park, just across the street. Probably a favourite for the prize of the shortest distance between two serial locations: 8 metres.
Have looked into this a bit more
a. Wurzburg Residence didn't have a buffer zone when first inscribed way back in 1981 and no mention was made of the site consisting of 2 "locations"
b. The Buffer Zone was established in 2010 and with it the publication of the map showing 2 separate "locations". The operational Guidelines require that the establishment of Buffer zones be treated as a "minor boundary modification" so the documentation for this was tabled for the WHC and is present in the AB eval documentation on the Web.
c. This second "location", just across Rennweg, consists of the Rosenbach Park but also, and more significantly, the Staatlicher Hofkeller, in a baroque building known as Rosenbach hof ( or "palace")
d. The Hofkeller ( http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staatlicher_Hofkeller_W%C3%BCrzburg
) is the HQ of the Wine Estate originally owned by the Prince Bishops, later transferred to the Bavarian Crown and then in 1918 to the German State.
e. The winery aspect is an integral part of the Residence with significant elements being situated under that building http://www.deutscheweine.de/icc/Internet-EN/nav/e15/e1570693-6826-7e21-e66b-48554c41e d8b
. Nb the Tunnels - another "Connection"??
f. However, it is not completely clear from the original nomination papers available on the UNESCO Web site whether this second location was originally inscribed -at least in the form in which it has emerged.
g. My judgement would be that the Rosenbach Palace almost certainly WAS included - BUT as part of the overall Residenzplatz which it faces. The 1980 AB evaluation refers to "The Residence Sq was laid out in 1765-70 flanked by the buildings of the Rosenbacher Hof (Rosenbach Court) and the Gesandtenbau (Ministers Building)"
. Unfortunately those buildings receive NO other mention in the Evaluation and certainly not in the definition of the site. Even more significantly, one section refers to the current uses of the Residence - "Various scientific institutes of the University of Wurzberg"
etc but NO mention is made of any of them forming a part of the HQ of the Hofkeller! However, as far as I can work out, the Gasandtenbau is inscribed in the main location and currently functions (at least in part) as the Restaurant! ("Seit 1963 finden sich hier die Residenz-Gaststätten. Adresse des Gebäudes ist Residenzplatz 1. Die zugehörige Außengastronomie befindet sich hinter dem Gebäude im Hofgarten. "
h. Whether the rest of the Rosenbach Park behind the Palace was originally included is less certain. Some parts of the Residence Gardens were certainly included but the descriptions of them are limited to the parts immediately behind the Residence bounded by the original fortress bastions and laid out formally. Much of the other "parkland" around the Residence is included in the buffer zone in the 2010 adjustment and it isn't clear why this nondescript part is included - it doesn't seem any different from the other buffer zone aspects and isn't formally laid out.
i. Quite why Germany decided to exclude the narrow strip of Rennweg and its continuation through Residenzplatz isn't clear - the AB eval includes a letter about tramways around the Residenceplatz so that may have played some part. But, having decided to do so, it was faced with what to do with the Rosenbach hof "bit" of the inscribed site. The net result seems to have been to "create" a second "location" with a bit of "park"!