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Adding Categories to TWHS

 
 
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Author elsslots
Admin
#226 | Posted: 30 Nov 2021 10:01 | Edited by: elsslots 
Solivagant:
Salt Domes of Iran - ??????? (Another T List primarily for a Geological/Geomorphological feature for which we don't really have a category?)

Karst and Caves ("The salt domes of Iran have all kinds of salt karst features of the world.")

Solivagant:
The Historical Texture of Damghan – (Includes Neolithic site of Hesar Tepe and "In the first Islamic century, Damghan reached its peak. It is very hard to find such a place comprising of fateful works in a region with a small area including Mosque (Tarikhaneh) of Damghan, Tower of Alamdar, the Complex of Imamzadeh Ja'far and the city wall")

Archeo Near Eastern + Archeo Prehistoric as there seem to have been 2 important stages

Solivagant:
Vali-e Asr Street – ??????

I had a street in Chile as well. Put it under Urban landscape.

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#227 | Posted: 30 Nov 2021 13:13 
Iraq
Amedy city – Arch site Nr East ("City of the Medes", date back to 3000 BC.....among....remains are two city gates, a 15th century minaret and a Parthian engraving.")

Bestansur Neolithic settlement - Prehistoric

Historical Features of the Tigris River in Baghdad Rusafa – Urban Arab & M East ("old quarter in Baghdad.....a number of monuments...includes six religious and administrative complexes from the 12th to the 19th centuries").

Kirkuk Citadel - Milit & Fortif

Lalish Temple - Religious Indigenous ("spiritual center of the Yazidi religion, and a place of annual pilgrimage. It is the location of the tomb of the Sheikh Adi ibn Musafir, a central figure of the Yazidi faith")

Nimrud – Arch Site Nr East

Nippur - Arch Site Nr East ("ancient Sumerian city.....3rd and 2nd millenium BCE......ruin mounds from several periods. Nearly 30,000.....documents....on clay tablets have been found")

Old City of Mosul – Urban Arab & M East ("Heyday....Zangid Dynasty....12th & 13th C....Great (Nuriddin) Mosque.....was one of its main monuments, until.....destroyed in 2017...buildings......a mix of Egypt's Fatimid and local Christian Nestorian architectural traditions.....has preserved its Ottoman urban lay-out with narrow alleyways and markets.")

The Ancient City of Nineveh – Arch Site Nr East

The Fortress of Al-Ukhaidar - Milit & Fortif

The Site of Thilkifl – Religious Islamic & Religious Judaism ("believed by Jews and Muslims to be the tomb of the biblical prophet Ezekiel. A conical dome.....over the shrine and a Shiite mosque built next to it. In addition.....an Ottoman market and four medieval khans". Thee seems no way to avoid having separate categ for each. The market and khans are irrelelvant.)

Wadi Al-Salam Cemetery in Najaf – Burial / Religious Islamic("one of oldest/largest Islamic cemeteries.....developed over 1,400 years ago near the shrine of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Sunni Caliph and the first Shia Imam....any Shi'ites in Iraq request" burial there. Burial or Religious or both?? It is "active" so suggest both?)

Wasit – Arch Site Nr East ("remains of an ancient city along the Tigris. .....700 CE as a military encampment"..."Abandoned in 16th C ")

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#228 | Posted: 30 Nov 2021 13:16 
Israel
Arbel (Mixed) – Diverse Ecosystems / Religious site Indigenous ("Rock massif ....high cliffs....close to the Sea of Galilee.....nature reserve" / "site of the tomb of Jethro.....Druse....consider the site holiest in Israel" / "The main importance of the nature reserve and the reason for its declaration is preservation of the diversity of habitats". Are the "Druze" any more "indigenous" here than Jews? By our definition I guess so!! There are other historic/Archeo items but better to concentrate on the Druze?)

Bet She'an – Arch Site Ancient Rome ("settlement from...Late Neolithic....refounded under the Ancient Greek name Scythopolis. In 63 BCE....the city was rebuilt and the city centre moved from the summit of the hill to its slopes. The remains.....date from the Roman period (theatre, amphitheatre, colonnaded streets, bathhouses) and Byzantine period". Overwhelmingly Roman?)

Caesarea – Arch site Ancient Rome ("capital of Roman Judea.....King Herod had Caesarea built in only 12 years between 22 and 10 BCE as a planned city on the site of a small Phoenician port").

Degania & Nahalal – Human Activity Agric ("agricultural settlements in the N.....of Israel that represent two communal settlement movements, kibbutz and moshav.".... "Nahalal...was designed similar to a wheel, with the public buildings in the middle and the individual arable land radiating from it like spokes". Despite the "Urban Planning" aspect "Agric" would seem the best fit ?)

Early Synagogues in the Galilee – Religious Judaism

Ein Karem, a village and its cultural landscape – CL Continuing ("Jewish settlement in the 2nd Temple Period.....birthplace of John the Baptist....important place of pilgrimage with numerous churches and monasteries in the village and the surrounding area.".... "Traditional land use are still the main ones....housing, monasteries, churches, pilgrim services and hostels." Any need for "Religious" as well as CL? If so Christian and/or Muslim or Jewish.....better not to go there!)

Horvat Minnim – Arch site Nr Eastern ("early Islamist palace complex......palace .....built.....in the early 8th C. Excavations......uncovered enclosure walls, a gateway and a central courtyard with colonnades.")

Jerusalem (Extn) – Urban Continuity

Liftah (Mey Naftoah) – Urban Arab & M East ("traditional Palestinian Arab mountain village.....abandoned.....1948 during the First Palestine War. Due to the unchanged building fabric and the lack of modern additions....considered an authentic example of traditional Levantine mountain villages." One might have thought that "CL Relict" was best – but no hint of this in description?)

Makhteshim Country (Mixed) - Natural Eroded / CL Relict ("Desert.....characterised by barren mountain ridges and deep, closed valleys called makhtesh..... a large erosion cirque created 220 million years ago"..... "inner area...dotted with archaeological remains of nomads...outer area....Nabatean, Roman and Byzantine settlements...lived from trade routes and supported a unique type of desert agriculture". Categorized on UNESCO as a "CL" – presumably to mirror the Negev Route??)

Mount Karkom – Rock Art ("archaeological site....Numerous burial mounds and stone circles.....oldest sites dating from the Paleolithic.......best known for its multitude of petroglyphs.....Neolithic, through the Copper Age and Bronze Age, to engravings of the Nabataeans and from the Byzantine and early Arabic periods")

Sea of Galilee & its Ancient Sites (Mixed) – Wetland & Lake / Arch Site Nr East ("Natural value consists of the lake....numerous ancient sites....remains of the Jewish villages of Korazim and Capernaum....Tabgha....important...in the Christian tradition". Ignore assoc Religious aspects?)

The Crusader Fortresses – Military & Fortif

The Galilee Journeys of Jesus & the Apostles – Arch Site Nr Eastern ("Sites on shore of the Sea of Galilee and...Nazareth.....visited by Jesus and his Apostles. Some....Nazareth and Tiberias, became modern cities, others are archaeological sites such as Sepheris and Capernaum")

The Great Rift Valley, migratory routes, The Hula - Fauna ("important resting place for migratory birds......could be part of a transnational site of migratory routes along the Great Rift Valley.....two small wetlands....the Hula reserve and the Lake Agamon". Birds seem to be the USP!).

Timna (Mixed) – Erosion / Mining ("remains of...ancient copper mines and smelting furnaces....oldest dating back to the 5th century BCE....oldest metal mines in the world. The most impressive rock formation in Timna National Park are the so-called Solomon's Pillars, formed by natural erosion.")

Triple-arch Gate at Dan & Sources of the Jordan (Mixed) River Wetlands & Lakes / Arch Site Nr East ("springs provide.....half of the water flowing into the Jordan......by the snow and rain which fall on Mt. Hermon and the Galilee. The water seeps into the mountain... hundreds of springs....largest karstic spring in the M.E...Reserve contains flora and fauna and indigenous bio-systems" / "archaeological remains of a Canaanite gate on Tel Dan")

White Mosque in Ramle _Religious Islamic

Next to remainder of "I" – Indonesia, India & Iceland

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#229 | Posted: 1 Dec 2021 05:06 | Edited by: Solivagant 
Indonesia
Bawomataluo Site - Urban Asian ("traditional hill-top housing complex (kampong) with 500 houses and common facilities. The settlement on the island of Nias dates from the 18th century.".... "original traditional Architecture....is expressed significantly through the organization pattern of the settlement and the shape of the houses/homes" Sk covers both settlement and architecture. No hint of CL in UNESCO text, Would justify "Vernacular housing" if we had this. Again – unfortunate to link all of Asia together!?)

Betung Kerihun National Park - Forest (Subtitle of site is "Transborder Rainforest Heritage of Borneo"....though Malaysia has dropped out. Contains Orangutan but the UNESCO text doesn't particuarly emphasise that so no case for "Fauna ")

Bunaken National Park – Coastal & Marine ("terrestrial and marine areas of volcanic Bunaken Island.....also..islands of Manado Tua, Mantehage, Nain and Siladen. Its deep waters have a high diversity of corals, fish, echinoderms and sponges.". I don't consider these coastal "islands" truly "insular" enough to justify that categ.)

Derawan Islands - Coastal & Marine ("biologically rich area where the broad river delta of the Berau mixes with the Sulawesi Sea. The island group consists of 31 islands. It is Indonesia's largest nesting site of the endangered green sea turtles and hawksbill turtles.")

Historical City Centre of Yogyakarta – Urban Asian ("traditional Javanese townscape")

Kebun Raya Bogor - CL Clearly Def / Secualr Park or Garden ("Bogor Botanic Gardens....preeminent place for plant conservation in Indonesia. Founded in 1817, it is the oldest in SE Asia." Both Kew & Singapore are categ as per these)

Muara Takus – Religious Buddhist ("Buddhist temple site dating from the 12th and 13th centuries. It comprises one of the largest and best-preserved ancient temple complexes in Sumatra")

Muarajambi Temple Compound – Arch Site SE Asian ("large and well-preserved Buddhist temple complex.....built by the Melayu Kingdom......estimated to date from the 7th to 13th century......includes eight excavated temple sanctuaries, ancient canals and ponds." So – Arch Site and/or Religious? Is very ruined. No evidence of signif contin use as a relig site. Bagan doesn't get "relig", Indian Web sites claim it to be "Hindu-Buddhist"!)

Prehistoric Cave Sites in Maros-Pangkep - Karst/Cave (Nb – this, despite the title, is only registered on the T List as "Natural" NOT mixed!! Also the Natural aspect hovers between Karst/Cave and Forest. The "Decorated boat competition" gets a mention too! A Mess!)

Raja Ampat Islands – Coastal & Marine ("1,500 small islands...karst formations surrounding clear water bays....tip of Bird's Head Peninsula on...New Guinea. The marine life diversity here is the greatest among the areas incorporated in the so-called Coral Triangle")

Sangkulirang - Mangkalihat Karst - Rock Art ("The prehistoric rock art of Sangkulirang – Mangkalihat Karst comprises thousands of paintings of 5,000 – 10,000 years old.". Another misleadingly titled Indon T List! Els – nb spelling error in UNESCO title on Web site)

Semarang Old Town - Urban – colonial (UNESCO desc- "Semarang is a colonial city par exellence. Established in 17th century, Kota Lama Semarang is a best preserved colonial city". Later text emphaisies better the range of influence,,, Comparison sites inc Penang and Vigan – both "Colonial" for us)

Taka Bonerate National Park - Insular ("3rd biggest atoll in the world.....rich marine and bird life" .It is way out in Flores Sea so not "coastal". Have chosen same as Aldabra)

Tana Toraja – CL contin ("compounds include houses, granaries, burial sites, ceremonial grounds with menhirs, rice-fields, bamboo forests, and grazing ground or pasture for buffalo and pigs. They reflect early Austronesian culture and are still part of a living tradition." The UNESCO Text does contain this "The cultural landscape created based on local wisdoms" but doesn't emphasise any intention to go for CL status. It seems the best Categ.)

The Historic and Marine Landscape of the Banda Islands (Mixed) – Coastal & Marine/ CL Contin ("The Banda Islands are an outstanding example of a cultural landscape" / "The...marine environment is an outstanding and thriving example of a coral reef....that creates a unique habitat for marine biota" But "Insular or "Coastal/Marine"? We really need to clarify the distinction. In my view "Insular" should contain significant the "on land" endemism/development etc – this isn't that)

The Old Town of Jakarta – Urban - Maritime ("remaining structures include houses, warehouses, shipyards and forts from the 17th and 18th centuries. The proposal also includes four Outlying Islands (Onrust, Kelor, Cipir dan Bidadari) in the Bay of Jakarta." Urban "Colonial or "Asian" or "Maritime"? Choosing the latter avoids choosing between the former 2! And it does include Shipyards, Islands in bay etc)

Traditional Settlement at Nagari Sijunjung - CL Contin ("traditional housing of the Minangkabau society."... "The compound....is surrounded by hills, forest, paddy fields, and plantation......76 houses....It consists of paddy fields and plantation, graveyards, mosques and madrasah-Islamic school, market, and balai adat (customs hall) area". No mention of CL in UNESCO text – but academic articles do describe it as such)

Trowulan – Arch site SE Asian ("archaeological site of the capital city of the Hindu Majapahit Empire. Its remains such as temples, tombs, a bathing place, and water supply systems date from the 12th-14th centuries")

Wakatobi National Park – Coastal & Marine ("marine national park mostly known for its coral reefs. Its underwater life is very biodiverse with 942 fish species and 750 coral reef species. The name of Wakatobi is derived from the four main Tukangbesi Islands". Again – "Coastal & Marine" or "Insular"? It is in mid sea ..but noting about it relates to land aspects)

I continue with India & Iceland

Author Assif
Partaker
#230 | Posted: 1 Dec 2021 10:08 
Some comments on Solivagant's open questions regarding the Israeli TWHS:

Solivagant:
Are the "Druze" any more "indigenous" here than Jews? By our definition I guess so!! There are other historic/Archeo items but better to concentrate on the Druze?)

I would say that "indigenous religion" here means a smaller religion. The Druze would certainly qualify.
I would regard the Arbel as a relict CL, but there is not hint of that in the description. I don't know if the Druze site would be the main argument for an inscription on cultural creiteria.

Solivagant:
Overwhelmingly Roman?)

The possible OUV of Beth Shean (Besan) would certainly be Roman.

Solivagant:
Despite the "Urban Planning" aspect "Agric" would seem the best fit ?)

The question is how we deal with rural urban planning. I would say that the urban planning aspect is more significant than the fact the settlements are agricultural.

Solivagant:
Any need for "Religious" as well as CL? If so Christian and/or Muslim or Jewish.....better not to go there!)

I don't think Ein Karem would make such a problematic case if you assign it to Christianity. It has never been of much religious significance to either Muslims or Jews.

Solivagant:
The Galilee Journeys of Jesus & the Apostles

Here I could envisage an associative CL. The immaterial association to Jesus is the main argument for OUV, I would say.

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#231 | Posted: 1 Dec 2021 10:40 | Edited by: Solivagant 
Assif:
Some comments on Solivagant's open questions regarding the Israeli TWHS:

Wouldn't disagree strongly with any of these.... The main thing is to have a "recorded" rationale

The only slight problem with the "Jesus CL" is that
a. there is no hint of that in the description.. And we have tried to base our categorization on this.. Even if we think that the State Party is wrong!!
b. It is just a series of archaeological sites... No " Landscape" aspect whatsoever.. Nazareth would presumably be the relevant aspects (Mary's Well etc ) in the middle of a big uninscribed city.

It would undoubtedly "need" to claim "Associative Value" to justify the series of sites. Any cultural site can claim criterion vi but doesn't also need to be a "CL".

Regarding Degania and Nahalal.... The latter certainly exhibits "planning" aspects but the lack of these in Degania was the main reason I came down for Agriculture as being the common aspect. Degania hardly seemed to be "planned" at all.. But just "grew"

Author elsslots
Admin
#232 | Posted: 1 Dec 2021 12:15 | Edited by: elsslots 
Comoros
Ecosystèmes Marins de l'Archipel des Comores - Marine/Coastal
Ecosystèmes terrestres et paysage culturel de l'Archipel des Comores - Mixed : Diverse ecosystems + CL Continuing
Paysage Culturel des Plantations à Parfums des Iles de la Lune - CL Continuing
Sultanats Historiques des Comores – Archeo Sub-Saharan Africa

Congo (Democratic Republic)
Dépression de l'Upemba - Archeo Sub-Saharan + Rivers, wetlands and lakes
Grottes de Dimba et Ngovo - Archeo Prehistoric. It's a Mixed site, but no indication of natural values in description.
Grottes de Matupi - Archeo Prehistoric. It's a Mixed site, but no indication of natural values in description.

Congo (Republic)
Ancien port d'embarquement des esclaves de Loango - Transport and Trade
Domaine royal de Mbé – Palace + Religious indigenous
Le Parc National de Conkouati-Douli - Coastal/Marine + Wildlife Fauna
Parc national d'Odzala-Kokoua - Forest

Costa Rica
Corcovado National Park and Isla del Cano Biological Reserve – Marine/Coastal + Fauna

Author Assif
Partaker
#233 | Posted: 2 Dec 2021 17:59 
Solivagant:
It would undoubtedly "need" to claim "Associative Value" to justify the series of sites. Any cultural site can claim criterion vi but doesn't also need to be a "CL".

This is not very explicit, but:
"The ministering of Jesus and the Apostles between Tiberias and Nazareth represent the historic association of the cradle of Christianity, and the cultural landscapes of Mount Tabor, the Mount of Beatitude, Arbel and the Sea of Galilee provide an authentic backcloth to the historic events on this route."
Moreover, Mt of Beatitude, Arbel (Horns of Hittin) and Kafr Kanna (Cana) and even Nazareth have no significant archaeological remains.

Solivagant:
Regarding Degania and Nahalal.... The latter certainly exhibits "planning" aspects but the lack of these in Degania was the main reason I came down for Agriculture as being the common aspect. Degania hardly seemed to be "planned" at all.. But just "grew"

Agreed, but Degania would probably qualify as the first Kibbuz, a socialist experiment. The OUV would be probably demonstrated on communal buildings representing a different type of urban design (maybe better than planning). I don't think the agricultural elements are significant, but still agree they are there.

Author elsslots
Admin
#234 | Posted: 3 Dec 2021 08:59 
Cuba
Cienaga de Zapata National Park - Marine/Coastal
National Schools of Art, Cubanacan - Science/Education
Reef System in the Cuban Caribbean - Marine/Coastal

Cyprus
Agioi Varnavas and Ilarion at Peristerona (Five-domed churches) - Religious Christian
Church of Panagia Aggeloktisti - Religious Christian
Church of Panayia Chrysokourdaliotissa, Kourdali - Religious Christian
Hala Sultan Tekke and the Larnaka Salt Lake Complex - Religious Islamic + Rivers, wetlands and lakes
Khandria - Volcanic (oceanic crust, I have labelled it the same as we did with Mid-Atlantic Ridge)
Kionia - Volcanic (also oceanic crust)
Klirou Bridge - Volcanic (also oceanic crust)
Malounta Bridge - Volcanic (also oceanic crust)
Mathiatis South - Volcanic (also oceanic crust) + Mining
The rural settlement of Fikardou - Urban landscape Post-medieval Europe (also a vernacular village)
Troodos, Mt.Olympus - Volcanic (also oceanic crust)

Author elsslots
Admin
#235 | Posted: 3 Dec 2021 11:48 
Czechia
I found some of the Czech ones surprisingly difficult, would be glad to hear some opinions:

Ceský ráj (Czech Paradise) Rock Cities - Eroded
Extension of the World Heritage Site "Historic Centre of Prague" – Urban landscape Post-medieval Europe
Fishpond Network in the Trebon Basin - Agriculture
Mountain-top Hotel and Television Transmitter Ještěd - Civic-Public Works
Old Wastewater Treatment Plant in Prague-Bubeneč - Civic-Public Works
Paper Mill at Velké Losiny - Industry/Factories
Renaissance Houses at Slavonice - Residence
Sites of Great Moravia: Slavonic Fortified Settlement at Mikulcice - Church of St.Margaret at Kopcani - it's an Archeological site of Medieval Europe, but we don't have a category for this. The most similar site I can think of is Bolgar. We have this as Urban landscape - Medieval European, which doesn't feel right either.
The Betlém Rock Sculptures near Kuks - Hmmm. Religious Christian?
The Fortress of Terezín – Military/Fortifications
The Industrial Complexes at Ostrava - Industry/Factories
The Karlstejn Castle - more Palace than Fortress?
The Spa at Luhacovice - Urban landscape Post-medieval Europe
Žatec – the Hops Town – Urban landscape Post-medieval Europe

Côte d'Ivoire
Parc archeologique d'Ahouakro - Archeo Sub Saharan + Eroded
Parc national des Iles Ehotilé - Marine/Coastal (if there's a marine component, we do Marine instead of Insular??)

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#236 | Posted: 3 Dec 2021 15:41 | Edited by: Solivagant 
elsslots:
Parc national des Iles Ehotilé - Marine/Coastal (if there's a marine component, we do Marine instead of Insular??)

I have been trying to limit "Insular" to sites which demonstrate a significant "Insular" aspect - beyond merely being "islands" (and thus differentiate them from being "Coastal/Marine - Clearly any island is going to have a coast and some "sea" = marine, so that shouldn't be enough).. So such sites are probably set a distance from a continental coast and possibly possess some evolutionary or floral/faunal aspect related to being an island rather than merely being by the sea. This one in Cote d'Ivoire is hardly even an island. Whether previous WHS and assigned T List "Insulars" meet this "requirement" I haven't fully checked

elsslots:
Sites of Great Moravia: Slavonic Fortified Settlement at Mikulcice - Church of St.Margaret at Kopcani - it's an Archeological site of Medieval Europe, but we don't have a category for this. The most similar site I can think of is Bolgar. We have this as Urban landscape - Medieval European, which doesn't feel right either.

I have always been a bit uncomfortable with "Arch site Viking" - why do the Vikings alone from Mediaeval Europe get a category of their own? We could extend it to "Archaeological site - Post Classical European Cultures. and pick up other cultural groups within it. L'anse aux Meadows would be an issue - but we haven't limited Greek and Roman sites to Greece and Italy.

The Church of St Margaret at Kopcani is also a slight problem - it isn't really "Archaeological" but does it justify "Religious - Christian"?? It is extant but hasn't functioned since the 18th C. I note that the area within which it stands IS an active Archaeological site. Enough of a justification to ignore its Christian aspect?

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#237 | Posted: 3 Dec 2021 15:59 
Iceland
Breiðafjörður Nature Reserve Mixed) – Coastal & Marine / CL contin ("large shallow bay in Western Iceland with rich marine and terrestrial flora and fauna".... "unique and intact example of a village built just after 1900......an architectural testimony of timber buildings that have been almost wholly preserved and which have been mainly unaffected by subsequent developments. Most.....are now used as summerhouses or second homes."... "remains of stone walls, ports, landing places and fishermen's huts in numerous islands and reeves". Vega used as comparator. Contin or Relict?? A tight decision if now only used as 2nd homes? Still "contin"?)

Mývatn and Laxá – River, Wetland & Lake ("unique freshwater ecosystem......pseudo-craters, waterfowl and midges.....situated along the volcanic zone of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The perfectly shaped pseudo craters....formed by steam explosions as hot lava flowed into the lake some 2300 years ago. More species of ducks nest in the area than anywhere else in the world, including the rare Barrow's golden eye." Volcanism not now relevant – it is the ecosystem which is significant?)

The Turf House Tradition – Secular Residence (14 Turf houses dotted around Iceland)

Thingvellir National Park (Ext) – Volcanic (Natural addition to the Cultural site in slightly different location to pick up Natural values – "concentrated around the rift zone as the continuation of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge across Iceland and it is an exceptionally clear evidence for continental drift and plate tectonics. The lake Þingvallavatn is the largest natural lake in Iceland" Volcanic is nearest but not quite right in definition? Another Geological process not strictly covered)

Torfajökull Volcanic System / Fjallabak Nature Reserve – Volcanic & Thermal ("colourful landscape of diverse landforms that centers around the eponymous rhyolite volcano.....high-temperature geothermal field associated with Torfajökull is the largest and most powerful in the country and the terrain inside the caldera is typified by immense geothermal activity").

Viking monuments & sites/Thingvellir National Park – Arch site - Viking

Author Solivagant
Partaker
#238 | Posted: 3 Dec 2021 16:05 
India (1)
Ancient Buddhist Site of Sarnath – Religious Buddhist / Arch Site South (East) Asian ("one of the four places of Buddhist pilgrimage....where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma.....remains of temples, stupas and monasteries from the 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D...base of an Ashoka Pillar" Clearly both an active religious and an archaeological site?))

Apatani Cultural Landscape – CL Contin ("Ziro valley in Arunachal Pradesh. The Apatanis are nature worshippers and practice traditional sustainable farming methods....landscape is characterized by rice paddies, where also fish are reared").

Archaeological remains of a Harappa Port-Town, Lothal – Arch site South (east) Asian (allocated same as Dholvira)
Bahá'í House of Worship at New Delhi – Religious Bahai

Bhedaghat-Lametaghat in Narmada Valley – River etc (Nb "We" have this as "Cultural"- it is in fact "Natural" on U - "unique geological features....best example of fluvial geomorphology and regional metamorphism....globally the nominated property can be compared with Victoria Fall, Zimbabwe.....significant for its geological features worldwide..... Bhedaghat is similar to Victoria fall in terms of the deep gorge and fluvial geomorphic processes". Have visited and Victoria Falls it is not!!! Rivers etc doesn't really capture the geomorphology – but neither does it for Vic Falls. )

Cellular Jail, Andaman Islands – Civic & Public Works

Chettinad – Urban Asian ("3 clusters ...11 villages of Tamil Merchants, the Natukottai Chettiars.... Built....1850's and 1940's.....a particular architecture, with many decorations and extensions..... The land use shows traditional Tamil techniques of water management". Lots of use of words "cultural" and "landscape" – but never as a phrase!!! Comparators are Kaiping/Halsing & Xidi – no Cls there. So – It is more than "Residences" ... but is it Urban planning or CL?? With no evidence of CL intention I go for Urban).

Chilika Lake – Fauna ("brackish water lagoon, one of the largest in the world....the most important wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent. Also it is home to more than 150 endangered Irrawaddy dolphins." The Fauna seems to be the main UVP)

Cold Desert Cultural Landscape of India (Mixed) – Desert / CL Contin ("proposed under the category of Mixed property cum Cultural Landscape....includes a large number of traditional settlements with vernacular culture, pre-historic and historic archaeological areas and natural habitats" Could go for "mountain" but better to stick with what it says on the tin! )

Delhi - A Heritage City - Urban - Asian ("historic urbanscape of its four precincts Mehrauli, Nizamuddin, Shahjahanabad and New Delhi. It is considered a mixture of Islamic and European worlds." So Asian or Continuity? Even New Delhi was given "Asian" aspects, the "Asian" is predominant? Other "Urb Contin" assignments include Istambul, Jerusalem, Rome & Prague – together with others less justifiable! A judgement call.)

Desert National Park - Desert ("ecosystem of the Thar Desert....extreme hot and arid.....composed of sand dunes and rocks. Important dinosaur fossil findings......petrified wood.....Migratory and resident birds equipped for the desert")

Ekamra Kshetra - The Temple City, Bhubaneswar – Religious Hindu ("cluster of magnificent temples, constituting virtually a complete record of Kalinga architecture...from its nascence to its culmination. Ekamra Kshetra.....old city of Bhubaneswar that forms the centre of this temple architecture and is considered a Hindu holy city" What about "Urban Asian " as well - how much is there beyond the Religious monuments?? UNESCO states "Comprises predominantly protected monuments". It isn't an Archaeological site...so no justif for a 2nd Categ?)

Evolution of Temple Architecture - Aihole-Badami- Pattadakal (Ext) – Arch Site S E Asian / Religious Hindu (as per existing Pattadakal)

Garo Hills (Mixed) – Forest / Human Activity Agric ("The forest types......largely come under the regional classification of Tropical Moist formation"...... The Garo "traditional method of agriculture is ......slash and burn shifting agriculture.....the community clears a patch of forest for cultivation for a few years, then leaves it fallow for several subsequent years for natural regeneration to take place. This practice is followed under community rules and is one of the classical examples of traditional methods of sustainable land-use for cultivation in the landscape. The faith and practices of the Garo people are integrally linked with the land and nature around which they reside". This is either "Human Activity - Agric" or "CL – Contin". It probably is the latter but since there is no mention of "CL" in the UNESCO text I suggest the former!)

Group of Monuments at Mandu, Madhya Pradesh – Arch South (east) Asian ("ruined, ancient city that bloomed in the 10th and 11th century. The fort-capital of the Paramara kings sits on a rocky outcrop. The remains include 61 monuments, varying between rock-cut caves, palaces, tombs and mosques.")

Hire Benkal, Megalithic Site - Arch Prehist ("hundreds of megaliths.....for more than 2500 years. The Iron Age funerary monuments...... Also 11 rock shelters with prehistoric rock paintings")

Iconic Riverfront of the Historic City of Varanasi - Religious – Hindu ("comprises the 84 ghats and other notable buildings and alleys along the River Ganga." Unlike Bubanshwar above this contains some Urban elements beyond the purely religious but no e.g Architectural etc value is claimed for them so I am reluctant to introduce a 2nd cult categ of Urban Asian.)

Author elsslots
Admin
#239 | Posted: 4 Dec 2021 01:03 
Will continue with the D countries

Author elsslots
Admin
#240 | Posted: 4 Dec 2021 01:06 | Edited by: elsslots 
Updated progress overview per country:
A-C: done
D
E: Egypt, Estonia done
F: Fiji done
G: Germany and Greece done
H
I -Z: all done

1506 of 1719 TWHS covered

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