So will the UK get back their exclusive walls inscription? I think not.
No - because the argument is as follows (pre 2019) "All the frontier sections so far nominated and accepted as part of the multinational 'Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site' are artificial frontiers, which are defined by military installations linked by an artificial barrier. However, in most countries in Europe, in the Near East and in North Africa, the frontiers consisted of chains of military installations along natural boundaries like rivers, mountains or deserts."
So - It is claimed that the so far uninscribed European remains exhibit a different "typology" from that of the current "barrier based" UK/German ("Rhaetian") WHS. Furthermore those uninscribed remains divide into 3 sections each exhibiting a different set of attributes arising from the challenges which led to their creation. These differences justify linkage as 3 separate nominations, each possessing its own OUV -
- the Lower German (i.e. Lower Rhine) frontier; - "innovative responses to the challenges of a highly dynamic river delta (Lower Germany)
- the Danube frontier; - "the evolution of military strategies to counter the threats emanating from sustained large-scale migration (Danube)
- the frontier of the Roman province of Dacia - "the unparalleled mixture of military solutions developed to cope with varying landscapes and threats
One might regard this argument as adopting a high degree of post hoc rationalisation, both to avoid having to split up and reallocate the existing property and to provide some "logic" for dividing the remaining sections into manageable chunks ..............or one might regard it as a genuinely insightful characterisation of differences in the nature of the frontier as it wended its way across Europe!
It was further concluded that the Danube frontier is the largest of the 3 identified sections and needs to be nominated in 2 stages ( the first of which we have this year)
a. "The western segment consisting of the sites within the territories of Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary
b. "The eastern segment comprising the sites in Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania
Thus Germany will have gained 3 WHS
a. The Upper German-Raetian Limes - which were added to UK's Hadrian's/Antonine Wall as an extension
b. The Western Danube section - was this led by Austria - thus not using up Germany's annual nomination ration?
c. The Rhine section shared with NL - it will be interesting to see if Germany takes the lead on this and thus uses up its annual nomination ration or whether it passes it over to NL!