When we plan a visit to a country we usually give its T List a quick "once over" to assess whether it contains any "gems" we should try to see. This assessment also takes into account whether any of the sites are known to be in the process of being developed for nomination and how close to our preferred route they are. The following represents our assessment as part of our planning for a possible trip to Kazakhstan - It might be of use for reference by anyone planning to go and any additional knowledge or assessments would be gratefully received!! The Kazakh T List
currently consists of 13 sites - none of which have currently been reviewed on this Web site. There are a lot of Petroglyph and ancient burial sites!! If the petroglyph sites were to be progressed (in addition of course to the, already inscribed, Tamgaly) one wonders whether at least some of them would be brought together in a single nomination or as an extension. In 2011 an ICOMOS Thematic Study titled "Rock Art of Central Asia"
was carried out and contains a fine map showing the location of a vast range if Rock Art sites in Kazakhstan – including both Tamgaly and Tamgaly-tas and all of the T List sites (on Acrobat page 163)! See http://www.icomos.org/world_heritage/TS_CentralAsia_20111220.pdfAksu-Zhabagly state natural reserve
(2002 T List) - already inscribed as part of W Tien Shan (1490-002)Archaeological sites of Otrar oasis
(1998 T List) - Is conveniently situated between Shymkent and Turkestan and seems easy to take in on the journey to or from them. Is probably (?) not going to be included in any Silk Road new or extended nomination.Barrows with stone ranges of the Tasmola culture
(1998 T List) - I have received this information from Kalpak Travel –
"I have some news for you about Tasmola objects. It was quite difficult to find any reliable information, even most experienced tour guides did not know about it, since no tourists seem to be interested in it. Everybody warned me that you can only see there barrow and ridges (so called"whiskers") and nothing more. So that is the bad news, that they are quite boring to look at. The good news is, we can quite easily find them and visit them from Astana or Karaganda. Basically there are two options that I can suggest to you:
Option near Astana: Ca. 140 km out of Astana (to be exact: N51°54 E72°35) there are Tasmola objects that can be visited
Option near Karaganda: Ca. 100 km south of Karaganda there is a place where you can see both Tasmola barrows and Begazy-Dandybai burial grounds, which are apparently also in tentative Unesco list The Tasmola site and the Begazy-Dandybai site are only 5 km apart from each other, so you can see both at once!"Cultural landscape of Ulytau
(1998 T List) - nearest city is Zhezqazghan SW of Karaganda. More Mausolea, as well as Steppe and lakes with flamingos etc as per Saryarka. Report of 2013 talks of establishment of an NP as part of "2030 Strategic Plan" by 2020 to improve protection. Sounds a long way off (if ever) for any nomination!Megalithic mausolea of the Begazy-Dandybai culture
(1998 T List) - See above re Tasmola cultureNorthern Tyan-Shan
(2002 T List) - Close to Almaty to its south and centred on Ile.Altau NP. Mountain scenery, lakes etc but flora and fauna sounds to be very similar to W Tien Shan. Could be of interest if had a spare day in Almaty?Paleolithic sites and geomorphology of Karatau mountain range
(1998 T List) - NE of Turkestan. The Karatau range is already inscribed under Natural criteria as 1490-001 so, if one visited it, instead of the more normally visited Aksu-Zhabagly, they could be picked up at the same time? But the nature and locations of the Paleolithic sites is unclear and "Geomorphology" is always a bit hard to visit (and should they all be mixed into 1 site anyway?)Petroglyph Site of Sauyskandyk (XVIII BC – III AD)
. (2016 T List) Also in the Karatau area. The map in the Rock Art Thematic Study states it to be located "60km east of Shieli, 15km north of Aksumbe Village"
ie further north than Arpa-Uzen. Recent addition to T List could imply upcoming nomination "activity" but could also reflect its apparent "recent" discovery (see Thematic study)? Petroglyphs of Arpa-Uzen
(1998 T List). Also in the Karatau area. NW of Turkistan nr Abay village 151kms by road from Turkistan city. See - http://www.silkadv.com/ru/node/2426
. The Thematic Study states "Arpauzen consists of one complex of archeological sites concentrated in a relatively small area of 37.5km2, dated from the Bronze Age to the early 20th century. A total of 130 archeological sites including 20 settlements and over 80 burial grounds with 17 main concentrations were found"
.Petroglyphs of Eshkiolmes
(1998 T List). Situated in Almaty Province NE of Almaty near the capital Taldykorgan (300kms NE of Almaty city). Seems to require at least an 11km hike from roadhead. See http://silkadv.com/en/content/eshkiolmes-sakae-time
The Thematic study states "The concentration of Eshkiolmes petroglyphs is one of the largest in Kazakhstan, with a total of 10,000 engravings dated from the Bronze Age to the beginning of the 20th century." Silk Road
(2012 T List) - It isn't at all clear how any further Silk Road inscriptions will be handled – as extension(s) to the existing WHS (8 in Kazakhstan) or as completely new "corridors"? Work is continuing – see this report of a meeting as recently as Nov 2016 - http://www.inform.kz:8080/eng/article/2969931
discussing the "Fergana-Syrdarya Corridor
". The T List entry on the UNESCO Web site states - "Four main sections (roads) on the territory of Kazakhstan are being offered for consideration: Semirechye, Syrdarya, Saryarka and Mangyshlak (Uralo-Prikaspiyskiy)."
Regarding the Syrdrya section the decision seems to have been made in Nov 16 to include "Syganak, Zhankala (Жент), Zhankent, Kesken Kuyuk, Chirik-Rabat, Babish Mola, Balandy, and the memorials of Dzhetyassarsky sanctuary"
. All of these are generally in SW Kazakstan . Surprisingly Otryar is NOT included despite having a significant "Silk Road" pedigree! . I have found these –
is north of Turkestan on the road to Kyzylorda. See - http://e-history.kz/en/publications/view/678
is in the desert East of Kyzylorda - http://m.myfishmaps.com/intl-fishing-maps/Kazakhstan/fishing-Man-Made_Structure0_Outp ost/Ruins/Kazakhstan/Razvaliny_Zhankala/
is in a similar area but I can't find coordinates! See - http://e-history.kz/en/publications/view/942
is further NW and West of Baikonur Cosmodrome at 45°31'0"N 61°27'30"E. See - http://www.exploration-eurasia.com/EurAsia/inhalt_english/projekt_5a.htm
is also in the desert SW of Kyzylorda at 44 06 N, 62 54 E See - http://archaeolog.kz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=36:2013-08-07-10-51 -26&catid=11:2013-08-07-10-50-17&Itemid=8&lang=en
is in the same area but I can't find coordinates.
is also near the Aral Sea - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042814013329
8. Dzhetyassarsky sanctuary
- "Sanctuary" seems to be a sort of Caravanserai and the alternative spelling is "Zhetysu" (= 7 Rivers region or "Semirechye" in russian). The area seems to be south of Balkhash but, if so this would be a long way from all the others above!! Very strange!
Generally my view is that it is NOT worth "chasing" any of the above T List sites which seem hard to get to, somewhat esoteric and not to add much to others already inscribed under "Silk Road"! State National Natural Park "Altyn-Emel
" (2002 T List). NE of Almaty. "Singing Dunes" seem to be its main attraction! Easy as a "side trip". Some 350kms away from Almaty so would seem to require at least a 2 day trip. See - https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-g2350619-d3176837-Reviews-Altyn_Emel_ National_Park-Almaty_Province.htmlTurkic sanctuary of Merke
. (1998 T List). The sanctuaries are 37kms S of the town of Merke (near the Kyrkgyz border on the road from Taraz to Bishkek). It seems relatively easy, if time consuming, to reach some of them. See http://visitkazakhstan.kz/en/guide/places/view/576/