"On 12 October 2011, the Cathedral of Cosenza received UNESCO World Heritage status for being "Heritage Witness to a Culture of Peace". This is the first award given by UNESCO to the region of Calabria."
This is mixing up WH status, with some other kind of Unesco title, I think?
Call me a "cynic" but this "mixing" of titles seems to me not to be "accidental"!!!!
Some places in Italy will do anything to be able to claim the use of those words "UNESCO " and "World Heritage".
Everywhere I look at "Cosenza" it leaps out at me that it is "UNESCO World Heritage"!!! e.g Wiki - "On 12 October 2011, the Cathedral of Cosenza received the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site for being "A Heritage Witness to a Culture of Peace" This is the first award given by UNESCO to the region of Calabria.
So - what is the reality???
Well I can find no other town/city/building etc
etc anywhere claiming to be a UNESCO-recognised "Witness to a Culture of Peace"
find a UNESCO program titled "Culture of Peace
It begins with a "Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace
" in Sept 1999 and encompasses a range of initiatives and programs - none of which, as far as I can see include the awarding of a special status to any place!! See - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_peace#UNESCO_Culture_of_Peace_Programme
I then started from Cosenza and worked back to discover the history for the "award" and the linkage to the above UNESCO program etc.
I reached these 2 documents
A newspaper article from 2011 which seems to indicate that the award was to recognise the commitment for action on peace which has been and continues to be shown by the Cathedral of Cosenza.
Here is a partial (auto) translation to give a flavour - "COSENZA Saturday, May 5, the Unesco Club Cosenza and the Diocese of Cosenza-Bisignano invite to the Cathedral for the ceremony of the first UNESCO recognition in Calabria, within the Witnesses of a Culture of Peace: "The Cathedral of Cosenza - reads the motivations - since the XI-XII centuries it has been the center of cultural, historical and religious activities that have enriched the knowledge and cultural and social heritage of Calabria. At the same time the Cathedral has been for centuries a beacon for migrants from different countries to whom it continues to present itself as a place of fraternal meeting, where "they find space for moments and cultural events and also for interreligious prayer". Precisely this commitment to action for peace, connected with the monument for which recognition is sought, inserted in the historical reality and in the spirit of the people, in line with the constitutive act of UNESCO, it is the first condition for the attribution of the qualification that constitutes a commitment for peace. Our recognition therefore goes to the Cathedral of Cosenza, in the light of past events and future possibilities, which respond to the ideals to which the program is inspired, also with the hope that it will be ever more important to highlight the meaning of dialogue and 'meeting to build peace'. The path was started in 2006 by the promoters through a specific collection of signatures to which thousands of citizens responded enthusiastically
" i.e Cosenza ASKED UNESCO to recognise
the contribution and commitment of its Cathedral to the "Culture of Peace"
. This document is nicely headed with UNESCO logos, it consists of a series of documents/letters/exchanges all in Italian between Sept 2011 and May 2012 which seem to indicate how it came to be that the Cathedral of Cosenza "acquired" the "honour" and who the active parties were.
Below is a partial (auto) translation of a letter FROM UNESCO (The Heritage for Peace Program) to the President of the "Club UNESCO of Cosenza" "Dear President I am very pleased to inform you that the request presented by you, in order to declare the Cathedral of Cosenza HERITAGE WITNESS OF A PEACE CULTURE according to the program launched by UNESCO in the year 2000, Year for the Culture of Peace, was accepted. The reasons given by you have been taken into careful consideration, and the presentation you drafted, which highlights the cultural and religious values that over the centuries the Cosenza Cathedral has preserved and witnessed representing a symbol, was carefully evaluated. the encounter between cultures and openness to different religions and peoples, in the sign of peace. In this light, the Cathedral of Cosenza, since the XI - XII centuries, has been, as you underlined, "center of cultural, historical and religious activities" which have also enriched the knowledge and cultural and social heritage of Calabria. At the same time the Cathedral has been for centuries a beacon for migrants from different countries to whom it continues to present itself as a place of fraternal meeting, where "they find space for moments and cultural events and also for interreligious prayer". This message of peace is also addressed to tourists from all over the world, continuing a dialogue between different peoples, which testifies to the persistence of tradition, the involvement of citizens and the projection towards the future - a significant testimony of peace. As you know, on the basis of what was agreed with the UNESCO Office to which the program was entrusted, this very commitment to action for peace, connected with the monument for which recognition is requested, inserted in the historical reality and in the spirit of people, in line with the constitutive act of UNESCO, is the first condition for the attribution of the qualification which constitutes a commitment for peace. Our recognition therefore goes to the Cathedral of Cosenza, in the light of past events and future possibilities, which respond to the ideals to which the program is inspired, also with the hope that it will be ever more important to highlight the meaning of dialogue and meeting to build peace. It is recalled that the Italian Federation of UNESCO Clubs, in welcoming the invitation launched by the then Director General of UNESCO Federico Mayor, at the opening of the year for the culture of peace, intended to adhere to the express indication of enhancing the presence on the territory of artistic or natural realities which, due to the richness of the values they bear witness to, can contribute to building a culture of peace. And it is in consideration of the strength of the message that these "monuments or sites" can offer in the area, to all citizens, especially young people, that this program presents itself as innovative, giving voice to the indications of those who live this reality. In this line, as you know, it is essential that the recognized monument or site continues to carry out its peace mission through programs, initiatives, conferences, training meetings aimed at building peace"
So -the Cathedral (via the Club UNESCO of Cosenza) ASKED to be recognised
for its commitment to the UNESCO Culture of Peace Program and made a promise to continue with appropriate "programs" and "initiatives" . This was granted by UNESCO
declaring the Cathedral a "HERITAGE WITNESS OF A PEACE CULTURE".
The award has ABSOLUTELY NOTHING TO DO WITH UNESCO "WORLD HERITAGE"
- though most people would think that it WAS!!!
I also wonder why the emphasis on "This is the first award given by UNESCO to the region of Calabria
As far as I can see the ONLY WHS
in "Calabria" is the Pollino NP as part of the "Primeval Beech Forests" shared between Basilicata and Calbria and only inscribed THIS YEAR
!! (2019!). Poor Calabria must have been feeling SO "left out" and of course it had failed to get Sila inscribed in 2017 (and again in 2019)! No wonder it was trying to claim Cosenza!