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Destroyed or damaged by Earthquake

Where the earthquake significanly impacted the history of the site and the buildings are remaining today.

World Heritage Sites connected to Destroyed or damaged by Earthquake

  • Ancient Nara Several times
  • Angra do Heroismo 1980
  • Ani devastating earthquakes in 1319 and 1605 (AB ev)
  • Antigua Guatemala (1763)
  • Arequipa Arequipa Cathedral, damaged by earthquake on June 23 2001
  • Armenian Monastic Ensembles St. Thaddeus was destroyed at around this time by an earthquake (1319).(AB ev)
  • Assisi 1997 earthquake
  • Bam Cultural Landscape (Dec 26 2003)
  • Belem The Great Lisbon Eartquake of 1755
  • Biblical Tells Many artifacts from Tell Hatzor were damaged/destroyed in an earthquake in 2008
  • Bursa and Cumalikizik The most significant event in the more recent history of Bursa is probably the severe earthquake which occurred in 1855 and which destroyed the majority of architectural structures in the city. (AB ev)
  • Butrint 3rd Century
  • Chavin 1970
  • Cuzco 21 May 1950. An "earthquake shook the city, causing the destruction of more than one third of the city's structures." (Wiki) and "The major earthquake that hit Cusco in 1950 badly destroyed the Dominican Priory and Church of Santo Domingo, which were built on top of the impressive Korikancha (Temple of the Sun). The city's Inca architecture, however, survived the earthquake. Many of the old Inca walls were thought to have been lost after the earthquake, but the granite walls of the Koricancha were exposed, as well as many walls throughout the city. While some wanted to restore the buildings to their colonial splendor, some of Cusco citizens urged city officials to retain the exposed walls. Eventually they won out and now tourists from around the world enjoy looking at these ruins within the living city" (Simple Wiki). In 1951 UNESCO was called in to report on actions to be taken - see report Link
  • Cyrene (262 + 365, Led to abandonment)
  • Dubrovnik (1667 and fire)
  • Fasil Ghebbi 1704
  • Ferrara 1570 Link
  • Glacier parks In 1899 an 8.4 earthquake on the coast shattered the glacier into extensive calving; in 1958 an 8.0 earthquake devastated Lituya Bay on the coast (UNEP-WCMC)
  • Haghpat and Sanahin Sometime around 1130, an earthquake destroyed parts of Haghpat Monastery and it was not restored until fifty years later. It also suffered from a major earthquake in 1988. (wiki)
  • Huascaran National Park (31 May 1970)
  • Incense Route of the Negev Oboda 630
  • Kathmandu Valley 15 January 1934 ("The three towns of Nepal—Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan were severely affected and almost all the buildings collapsed") & 25 April 2015 Link
  • Kotor Kotor, 15 April 1979
  • Lima 1656
  • Mantua and Sabbioneta May 2012 earthquake damaged the Ducal Palace in Mantua Link
  • Meknes 1755 Lisbon earthquake
  • Mexico City and Xochimilco (Sep 19 1985)
  • Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios Daphni Monastery: It suffered severe damage by earthquakes in 1889 and 1897, and was heavily damaged by the 1999 Athens earthquake. Still being restored.
  • Monastery of Batalha slight damage from 1755 Lisbon earthquake
  • Mount Qingcheng and Dujiangyan The May 12th (2008) earthquake has dealt a blow to tourism in the city of Dujiangyan. The quake damaged some of the most famous historic sites, including the ancient waterworks of Dujiangyan. A month later, efforts to repair have paid off, as a handful of the historic sites have reopened."
  • Naples Giotto's frescoes in Castelnouvo were destroyed in an earthquake
  • National History Park Sans souci - Haiti - A severe earthquake in 1842 destroyed a considerable part of the palace and devastated the nearby city of Cap-Ha?tien; the palace was never rebuilt
  • Nisa Nisa was totally destroyed by an earthquake, which occurred during the first decade BC.
  • Oaxaca and Monte Alban Numerous - As recently as 1999 when Tomb 104 at Monte Alban was closed due to damamge. In particular :- 1787 San francisco Church "Earthquake damage in 1787 altered the appearance of this 16th century church", "An earthquake destroyed much of the city in 1854 and the slow rebuilding was shaken to pieces by another quake in 1931" (the 1931 event is said to have destroyed 70% of the city)
  • Old City of Jerusalem several Umayyad buildings south of the Temple Mount were destroyed in 749. archpark.org.il/
  • Old Town of Lijiang 1996
  • Palmyra (1089, led to abandonment)
  • Panamá Panamá Viejo was ravaged by the earthquake of 1621
  • Paphos 1159, 1222
  • Persian Garden Bagh-e Shahzadeh (1981), Bagh-e Fin (1743)
  • Pompei Pompeii and Herculaneum before the eruption (62 or 63 AD) Link
  • Prambanan Java Earthquake 2006
  • Quebrada de Humahuaca Church of Tumbaya was destroyed in 1796.
  • Quito 1917
  • Rabat Many structures in Chellah/Sala Colonia were damaged by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake Link
  • Rome Baths of Caracalla damaged in the earthquake that destroyed L'Aquila in 2009
  • Ruins of León Viejo "The final blow came on 11 January 1610, when a severe earthquake destroyed what was still standing" (AB)
  • Sabratha 365
  • San Pedro de la Roca Castle Between 1675 and 1692 the fortress was damaged by a series of earthquakes and reconstruction had to be carried out under the direction of Francisco Pérez between 1693 and 1695 ... it was again damaged by earthquakes between 1757 and 1766. (wiki)
  • Silk Roads Burana Tower at Balasagun, "The last major earthquake in the 15th century destroyed the top half of the tower, reducing it to its current height of 25m" Link
  • Sintra Sintra National Palace: The ensemble suffered damage after the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake but was restored in the "old fashion", according to contemporary accounts. The biggest loss to the great earthquake was the tower over the Arab Room, which collapsed (wiki)
  • Syracuse The city was struck by two ruinous earthquakes in 1542 and 1693 (same as Val di Noto)
  • Tabriz Bazaar In 1780, at the beginning of the Qajar dynasty, the most destructive earthquake in the dense seismic history of Tabriz completely destroyed the town; it was, however, rapidly rebuilt (AB ev)
  • Thessalonika Some sites were damages during an earthquake in 630
  • Val di Noto (Jan 9 1693, led to rebuilding in constant style)
  • Valparaiso (Aug 17 1906, May 22 1960)
  • Volubilis In 1755, same as Lisbon
  • Walled City of Baku November 2000

Suggestions?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. be explained, with reference to a source