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Built in the 14th century

Connected Sites

  • Avignon 14th century Papacy, Place and Palais date from this period
  • Ayutthaya Founded in 1350 it was made the capital of the Thai kingdom until it was destroyed by Burmese armies in 1767. "by the year 1600 CE (it)had a population of about 300,000, with the population perhaps reaching 1,000,000 around 1700 CE," (Wiki). It contains buildings from much of this period but the Fortress and 4 significant Wats date from the 14th century (Including 1 which just predates the founding. For dates of these and other buildings see Link
  • Bardejov Town "In the mid 14th century Ludovit I ordered the citizens to fortify the town. The entire defensive circuit was completed" (AB ev), Church of St. Egidius (15th) and Town Hall (early 16th) are some of the later additions.
  • Brugge The Gothic town hall of 1376 remains the oldest in the Low Countries. From 1384 to 1500 Brugge enjoyed its Golden Age under the Dukes of Burgundy. (AB ev)
  • Bryggen 1350 Hanseatic League, bears the traces of social organization of space going back to the 14th century (AB ev)
  • Bursa and Cumalikizik birthplace of the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century, various buildings dating back to 14th century included
  • Citadel of the Ho Dynasty flowering of neo-Confucianism in late 14th century
  • Dubrovnik "Between the 14th century and 1808, Ragusa ruled itself as a free state", bulk of its walls are 14th and 15th century, earliest surviving pharmacy 1317 (wiki)
  • El Fuerte de Samaipata then made provincial capital by the Inca
  • Florence Ponte Vecchio (1345), De Medici seat of power (gathered prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the late 14th century)
  • Granada Although Alhambra was built over several centuries it is best known for its 14th century Moorish style. Generalife was built during the reign of Muhammad III (1302-1309) and redecorated shortly after by Abu I-Walid Isma'il (1313-1324).
  • Hahoe and Yangdong Hahoe and Yangdong in their landscape settings are seen as the two most representative historic, clan villages in Korea. They were founded in the 14th-15th century and subsequently expanded to their present size and composition in the late 18th and 19th centuries Link
  • Jongmyo Shrine 1394 originally, rebuilt in 1601, but its traditions and tablets have survived from the earlier date
  • Kathmandu Valley "until 14th century and the arrival of the Mallas, which is an important period for the flourishing of Nepalese art and architecture. These developed into a growing spiritual orientation towards Tantrism, making it difficult to separate purely Buddhist from purely Hindu art." (AB ev)
  • Kutna Hora "The town began in 1142 with the settlement of the first Cistercian Monastery in Bohemia... By 1260 German miners began to mine for silver ... From the 13th to 16th centuries the city competed with Prague economically, culturally and politically. (Wiki). "The early decades of the 14th centurv saw Kutna Hora being transformed from a chaotic mining settlement into a proper town, and by the middle of the centurv the definitive system of defences was complete, with its four main gates, moat, and bastions. The present street pattern was evolved from the haphazard communications of the mining boom and what must have been largely wooden houses were replaced by substantial stone houses. Public buildings began to appear, such as the first town hall and a number of churches. Work on the monumental church of St Barbara began in the 1380s, In the 14th century it became a royal city endowed with monuments that symbolized its prosperity. .. The most impressive feature of Sedlec cathedral is its blend of original architectural conceptions from the late 14th to the early 16th centuries. The relative lack of Renaissance buildings in the town graphically illustrates the sudden decline in its fortunes in the early 1540s, when the silver mines became exhausted" (AB)
  • Makli, Thatta Start of Golden Age
  • Malbork Castle Constructed between 1309 and 1406, also headquartes of the Teutonic Knights between 1309 and 1466
  • Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi commissioned in 1389
  • Medieval Monuments in Kosovo Decani Monastery and its main murals (AB ev: the 14th-century Decani represents one of the most exquisite examples of the so-called 'Palaeologan Renaissance' in the medieval Orthodox world.)
  • Meteora Earliest monasteries, including the Great Meteoron
  • Monastery of Batalha From 1386
  • Naples Another case of "continuous evolution". The earliest of the major monuments are the Duomo and the monastic complex of Santa Chiara (1313-1340)
  • Oporto The rich and varied civil architecture of the historic centre express the cultural values of succeeding periods- Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Neo-Ciassical, and modern. The part of the modern town proposed for inscription on the World Heritage List is that enclosed within the enceinte of the 14th century Fernandine walls, together with some smaller areas that retain their medieval characteristics.
  • Ping Yao "Ping Yao is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a traditional Han Chinese city, founded in the 14th century." - Nomination File
  • Prague "Its important role in the political, economic, social, and cultural evolution of central Europe from the 14th century onwards" + foundation of Nove Mesto
  • Quedlinburg The two towns were merged in 1330 and were surrounded by a common city wall. (AB ev)
  • Rhodes From 1309 on, the Knights Hospitaller rebuilt the city into a model of the European medieval ideal.
  • Rila Monastery Origins from 10th century (burned down), rebuilt in the 14th century from which the oldest current remains are Tower of Hrelyu (1334-1335) and a small church just next to it (1343)
  • Safranbolu The surviving Old Mosque, Old Bath and S├╝leyman Pasha Medrese were built in 1322. The caravan trade reached its apogee in the 17th century and the city also holds many constructions from that period.
  • San Gimignano For its art and frescoes
  • Santa Maria de Guadelupe Main church and Mudejar cloister
  • Shakhrisyabz In the mid-14th century, a great empire was built up by Timur, who lavished constant attention on the town of his birth. Until his death in 1405, he ordered the construction of encircling walls, the grandiose Ak-Sarai palace, mosques, baths, and caravanserais (AB ev)
  • Soltaniyeh Dome was constructed in 1302-12
  • Taos Pueblo Taos is thought to have appeared before 1400. (AB ev)
  • Telc As a planned settlement of the Later Middle Ages: "The town itself was probably founded in the mid 14th century". (AB ev). A fire in 1386 lead to reconstruction of the buildings in stone.
  • University of Coimbra The University was founded in 1290 as a studium generale in Lisbon but transferred by King Dinis to Coimbra in 1308 (AB ev)
  • Val d'Orcia Landscape was made in the 14th century (AB)
  • Verona For the Scaliger period: "Castelvecchio (1354-57) is the fortified residence of the Scaliger family" (AB ev)
  • Vilnius "By 1323, when the first written reference to Vilnia occurs, it was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania." (AB ev)
  • Wudang Mountains There are a few structures from the Tang dynasty, however, the site as a organized complex developed in the Ming dynasty. "Situated in the scenic valleys and on the slopes of the Wudang mountains in Hubei Province, the site, which was built as an organized complex during the Ming dynasty (14th-17th centuries), contains Taoist buildings from as early as the 7th century." - Nomination File

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