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Built in the 13th century

Connected Sites

  • Albi The urban and monumental ensemble of the episcopal city of Albi provides a complete and well preserved example of this type of urban settlement in 13th-19th century Europe. Following the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathar heretics (13th century) it became a powerful episcopal city. Cathedral dates from late 13th century (AB ev)
  • Amiens Cathedral Work was started in 1220
  • Assisi foundation of the order
  • Belfries vital aspect of civic architecture in Europe since the 13th century (AB ev)
  • Bellinzone Castelgrande. There are earlier remains.
  • Berat and Gjirokastra Berat: "The town in particular has Christian and Muslim monuments close to each other, which were constructed or restored between the 13th and 18th centuries." (AB ev)
  • Boyana Church The church owes its world fame mainly to its frescoes from 1259. They form a second layer over the paintings from earlier centuries and represent one of the most complete and well-preserved monuments of Eastern European mediaeval art.
  • Burgos Cathedral The first phase of construction took place between 1221 and 1293.
  • Castel del Monte finished in 1240
  • Cesky Krumlov Although the castle contains a famed Baroque theatre the site's OUV derives primarily from its 13C castle and the mediaeval settlements which grew up below and opposite it. Link
  • Cologne Cathedral began in 1248
  • Cracow For its urban plan of 1257
  • Divrigi 1299
  • Flemish Béguinages emergence of the Béguine movement around 1200 (AB ev)
  • Gwynedd Castles late 13th
  • Itsukushima Shrine The reconstructed main shrine buildings were destroyed by fire in 1207 in the Kamakwa Period (1185-1332) and reconstructed eight years later, only to be burnt down once again in 1223. This time the reconstruction took longer, not being completed until 1241; the major surviving shrine buildings date from this reconstruction (AB ev)
  • Kremlin and Red Square "From the 13th century to the founding of St. Petersburg, the Kremlin was directly and tangibly associated with every major event in Russian history." The first (wooden) version of the Kremlin at the same location already dates from 1156
  • L'viv "It gradually developed by the 13th century into an organized and well fortified town", and the oldest remaining church (Church of St Mykolai) is also 13th century. Many of the other structures were reconstructed, or rebuilt in a new style between the 16th and 19th centuries
  • Lamu Old Town "continuously been inhabited for over 700 years", "From the 13th to the 15th century there were over a hundred city states along the east coast, but most of these have either fallen into ruins or have been transformed into modern towns. In Kenya, Mombasa, Malindi, Witu, Faza, and Lamu continue to exist;" (AB ev)
  • Lübeck capital and Queen City of the Hanseatic League from 1230 to 1535 & Burgkloster (1227)
  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley the origin of the communal land ownership system
  • Medina of Fez Under the Merinids (13th to 15th centuries), a new town (Fez Jedid) was founded (in 1276) to the west of the ancient one (Fez El-Bali). It contains the royal palace, the army headquarters, fortifications and residential areas. At that time, the two entities of the Medina of Fez evolve in symbiosis forming one of the largest Islamic metropolis's representing a great variety of architectural forms and urban landscapes. (AB)
  • Monastery of Geghard Main church built 1215 , first rock cut church by 1250
  • Mudejar Architecture of Aragon Teruel was founded in 1176 and was the site of the first flowering of Aragonese Mudejar Architecture with the completion of the Romanesque Cathedral of Sta Maria in 1257. The other buildings added to the inscribed site demonstrate the development of the style through to the 16th Century
  • Mystras Mystras came into existence in 1248-49 (AB)
  • Nan Madol Saudeleur Dynasty (ca. 1200-1600 AD)
  • Old Town of Lijiang "It was designated as a town around the beginning the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). From 1253 on, the Naxi people of Lijiang developed a unique social system, customs and culture of their own under the rule of a hereditary succession of chieftains of the Mu clan." - chinadaily.com.cn
  • Qutb Minar The Qutb Minar dates from 1202
  • Reims Of the 3 inscribed buildings,the Cathedral, built on the site of an earlier one destroyed by fire in 1210 and finally roofed in 1299, is the most significant "jewel" as stated in Crit I .... "By virtue of the outstanding handling of new architectural techniques in the 13th century and the harmonious marriage of architecture and sculpted decoration, Notre Dame cathedral at Reims is a masterpiece of Gothic art." "The monastic buildings date from the 12th-13th centuries, but were extensively remodelled during the 17C"
  • Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo Convent was built between 1218 and 1235; between 1331 and 1371 it acquired the splendid frescoes
  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara By the 13th century, under the rule of the Mahdali family, Kilwa had become the most powerful city on the East African coast. And: "The Great Mosque of Kilwa Kisiwani is the oldest standing mosque on the East African coast and, with its sixteen domed and vaulted bays, has a unique plan. Its true great dome dating from the 13th (century)" (AB ev)
  • Samarkand "The historic town of Samarkand illustrates in its art, architecture, and urban structure the most important stages of Central Asian cultural and political history from the 13th century to the present day". Registan Square was identified as the centre of the new city after the destruction of Afrosiab in 1220. Its heyday came with the Timurids in the 14th and 15th century.
  • San Gimignano For its tower houses and Piazza del Duomo and Piazza della Cisterna
  • San Marino and Mount Titano Criterion iii: "uninterrupted continuity as the capital of an independent republic since the 13th century"
  • Serra de Tramuntana feudal Christian conquest of 1229 lead to the development of the characteristic large estates
  • Seville "Criterion (iii): The Cathedral - the largest Gothic temple in Europe - and the Alcázar of Seville bear exceptional testimony to the civilization of the Alhomads and to that of Christian Andalusia dating from the re-conquest of 1248 to the 16th century"
  • Siena The cathedral was originally designed and completed between 1215 and 1263 on the site of an earlier structure.
  • Sighisoara "Criterion (iii): Sighisoara is an outstanding testimony to the culture of the Transylvanian Saxons, a culture that is coming to a close after 850 years... In the 13th century, German craftsmen and merchants, known as Saxons, were ordered by the Hungarian sovereigns to colonize Transylvania and protect the border of the Carpathians against the steppe peoples. They settled on a hill, called the City Hill" (AB)
  • Site of Xanadu commissioned in 1256
  • Spissky Hrad & Levoca Castle (started 1249) & Levoca originate from the 13th century
  • Stari Ras and Sopocani Monastery of Sopocani was built in 1260
  • Stralsund and Wismar Wismar and Stralsund, leading centres of the Wendish section of the Hanseatic League from the 13th to 15th centuries (AB ev)
  • Sukhothai capital of the Sukhothai kingdom in the 13th and 14th centuries (wiki)
  • Sun Temple, Konarak Built 1236-1264
  • Tabriz Bazaar The most prosperous time of Tabriz and its bazaar was in 13th century when the town became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. (wiki)
  • Tallinn "The origins of Tallinn date back to the 13th century, when a castle was built there by the crusading knights of the Teutonic Order... (A fort and trading post existed in 10/11C and the settlement). ..was occupied in 1219 by troops of Waldemar II of Denmark, who strengthened the fortifications on Toompea and built the first church... In 1230 the order invited 200 German merchants from Gotland to Tallinn, where they settled around a new church dedicated to St Nicholas, alongside the existing Estonian, Scandinavian and Russian trading posts. In 1248 Tallinn adopted the Lübeck statute, becoming a full member of the Hanseatic League in 1285." (AB)
  • Toledo Cathedral/El Transito/Santiago del Arrabal
  • Torun Granted town charter in 1233, Church tower (1274), member of Hanseatic League (1264), fortifications of old town (1250)
  • Trogir OUV: medieval town on ancient remains; Between the l3th and l5th centuries much new building took place, this period seeing the construction of the Cathedral and the Camerlengo fortress, a radical remodelling of the main square, and two campaigns of reconstruction and strengthening of the fortifications. (AB ev)
  • Tusi Sites system of administrative government in the mountainous region of south-west China from the 13th-20th centuries (AB ev)
  • Vienna the basic street layout, early parts of Hofburg, much of St Stephens and Michaelerkirche
  • Villages with Fortified Churches concept of church fortifications by Saxon settlers dates from the second half of the 13th century
  • Visby "During the 13th centurv Visby changed from a simple Gotland village to an impressive international town, enclosed by a strong defensive wall, and increasingly divorced from its rural hinterland." (AB ev)
  • Westminster Westminster abbey

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