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Stelae

Stelae are stones or wooden slabs, generally taller than wide, erected for funerals or commemorative purposes, most usually decorated with the names and titles of the deceased or living - inscribed, carved in relief, or painted onto the slab. Only sites with their stelae still in situ are included.

Connected Sites

  • Aksum The Stelae have most of their mass out of the ground, but are stabilized by massive underground counter-weights. The stone was often engraved with a pattern or emblem denoting the king's or the noble's rank.
  • Biblical Tells Tel Hazor features many stelae now on display at the site museum.
  • Calakmul Calakmul is especially noteworthy for the large number (120 to date) of stelae that have been found on the site. Several of those are still in situ, others at museums.
  • Copan
  • Echmiatsin and Zvartnots Khachkars
  • El Tajin
  • Gusuku of Ryukyu Shuri Castle: On both sides of the stone steps leading to the Zuisemmon seven stelae featuring investiture envoys' handwritings (nom file)
  • Gyeongju Gyerim Woods Stele memorializing the founding myth of Silla. "This legend is inscribed on a memorial stele erected in 1803, the 3rd year of King Sunjo of Chosun dynasty." - Nomination File
  • Haghpat and Sanahin Khachkars
  • Imperial Tombs Every tombs of Ming and Qing Emperors have stelae with tomb owner's record of good things
  • Jelling Runestones
  • Kaesong commemorative steles
  • Koguryo Kingdom The stele of King Gwanggaeto of Goguryeo was erected in 414 by King Jangsu as a memorial to his deceased father. It is carved out of a single mass of granite, stands nearly 7 meters tall and has a girth of almost 4 meters. The inscription is written exclusively in Classical Chinese and has 1802 characters.
  • Konso monolithic stone stele reflecting the success of warriors (AB ev)
  • Monastery of Geghard Khachkars
  • Mount Taishan Dai Miao The site contains a number of well-preserved steles from the Huizong reign, some of which are mounted on bixi tortoises. There is a much later, Qianlong-era bixi-mounted stele as well.
  • Mount Wutai For a thousand years from the Northern Wei period (471-499) nine Emperors made 18 pilgrimages to pay tribute to the bodhisattvas, commemorated in stele and inscriptions (unesco website)
  • My Son Scholars have found approximately 32 steles at Mỹ S?n, dated between the 5th and the 12th century A.D
  • Namhansanseong "Lastly, the property includes a series of epigraphic steles, mainly commemorating the construction of the rampart, or related to human and social virtues, or linked to initiatives for the reconstruction or preservation of the property." AB Evaluation
  • Orkhon Valley Stelae with runic inscriptions at Turkic memorials of Kh?sh?? Tsaidam
  • Quirigua
  • Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Stelae at Naquane National Archaelogical Park
  • Royal Joseon Tombs All Joseon Dynasty Tombs contain this type of stelae. - Bigak, a building which has a stone monument where the names of the king and the queen are written at the front, while at the back was written the list of the king's accomplishments.
  • Site of Xanadu marble stele were found (AB ev)
  • Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius The Cemetery contains more than 100,000 tombs of the descendants of Confucius, bearing stelae, stone figures, celestial pillars, and other funerary furniture. There are over sixty structures (gates, sacrifice halls, and stele pavilions) for ceremonial and sacrificial use." - AB Document
  • Tiwanaku several
  • Tiya Has 36 standing stones or stelae, "32 of which are engraved with enigmatic symbols, notably swords,"
  • West Lake stele of the tomb of Lin Bu, a hermit in the Song Dynasty
  • Xanthos-Letoon Xanthian Obelisk, an important archaeological find pertaining to the Lycian language. Link
  • Xochicalco Plaza of the Stele of the Two Glyphs

Suggestions?

Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Stelae

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source