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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was a Turkish-ruled state spanning much of Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (1299-1922). Connected sites must have visible remains from that era.

World Heritage Sites connected to Ottoman Empire

  • Al-Hijr Ottoman Fort (built from 1744 to 1757 to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca)
  • Aleppo Ruled by Ottomans, remains of that era include Ahmadiyya Madrasa, Ahmad Pasha Khan, Adiliyya Mosque and other mosques and residences
  • Berat and Gjirokastra Well-preserved Ottoman town.
  • Budapest Kiraly, Racs, Rudas Baths
  • Bursa and Cumalikizik birthplace of the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century, contains tomb of Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty
  • Damascus Part of empire from 1517-1864. Visible remains for example in Fethiyye Madrasa, Ahmed Semsi Pasha Complex. Link
  • Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens In 1515, after taking Amid, the Ottoman Empire further developed trade, built new public (commercial, religious and cultural) structures and contributed to the renewal of the city. The Ottoman period extended until 1922. (AB ev)
  • Erbil Citadel "The Citadel features a peculiar fan-like pattern, dating back to Erbil's late Ottoman phase" (AB ev)
  • Historic Cairo Part of empire from 16th century until 1867. Visible remains for example in ornamentation at the Harem Palaces at the Citadel, Ibrahim Agha Mustahfizan House-Waqf e.a. Link
  • Historic Jeddah from 1517 to 1916
  • Istanbul Capital of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Kasbah of Algiers Ottoman influences
  • Medina of Tunis
  • Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge Example of Ottoman architecture and engineering
  • Mostar Chief administrative city for the Ottoman Empire in the Herzegovina region.
  • Mystras
  • Ohrid Region "In the late 14th century Ohrid fell to the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans converted a number of churches and monasteries into mosques but tolerated the Ohrid Archiepiscopate"
  • Old City of Acre Ottoman walled town.
  • Old City of Jerusalem
  • Paphos Paphos Castle was restored and extended by the Ottomans
  • Pergamon The city fell to the Ottomans in 1345, then briefly to the Mongols under Timur before being taken again by the Ottomans under Murat II (1421-1451)(AB ev)
  • Rhodes After 1522 the island was a possession of the Ottoman Empire for nearly four centuries
  • Safranbolu
  • Selimiye Mosque Example of Ottoman architecture in Edirne
  • Zabid Link

Suggestions?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. be explained, with reference to a source