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Hittites

WHS created by, or which refer to, the Bronze Age Anatolian Hittite empire (c1600-1180BC). See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hittites

Connected Sites

  • Aleppo "The Hittite Suppiluliumas I permanently defeated Mitanni and conquered Aleppo in the 14th century BCE. Aleppo had cultic importance to the Hittites for being the centre of worship of the Storm-God.". The Storm God Temple on Aleppo Tel was excavated from 1996. It both pre and postdated the Hittite period but, among the discoveries, were Hittite carvings and hieroglyphics
  • Ancient Thebes Representations of the Battle of Kadesh between the forces of Egypt and the Hittites (Ramesses II ("The Great") and Muwatalli II) exist in the Temples of Luxor and Karnak and at the Ramesseum. e,g The Karnak Hypostyle Hall. The "Poem of Pentaur" describes the Egyptian version of events on the walls and was first translated by James Henry Breasted in 1903. Link
  • Hattusha Capital of the Hittite empire. The decipherment of the Hittite language by Bedrich Hrozny in the early 20th C enabled the Boghazkoy tablets discovered at Hattushas to be read and the Hittite version of events at Kadesh to emerge
  • Nubian Monuments Abu Simbel: The inconclusive (?) battle of Kadesh between the forces of Egypt and the Hittites - Ramesses II ("The Great") and Muwatalli II - is represented in bombastic pro-Egyptian terms via a series of carvings in the hypostyle hall (N Wall) "Two Hittite spies are captured and beaten until they reveal the true whereabouts of Muwatalli, the Hittite king. Finally, the two sides engage in battle, the Egyptians charging in neat formation while the Hittites are in confusion, chariots crashing, horses bolting and soldiers falling into the River Orontes. In the text, Ramesses takes on the whole of the Hittite army single-handed, apart from support rendered by [the god] Amun who defends him in battle and finally hands him the victory."

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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source