Damaged in World War II

Sites that were severely damaged during the Second World War.

World Heritage Sites connected to 'Damaged in World War II':

  • Baroque Churches Wiki "The Church of San Agustin ....survived the bombardment of Intramuros by American and Filipino forces with only its roof destroyed, the only one of the seven churches in the walled city to remain standing. The adjacent monastery suffered total destruction. Architect Angel Nakpil designed the rebuilding of the structure as a museum in the 1970s."
  • Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe Bis ins Jahr 1945 flog die Royal Air Force mehrere Angriffe auf die durch die Rüstungsindustrie für die Kriegswirtschaft des Nationalsozialismus wichtige Stadt Kassel. Dabei wurde der Bergfried der Löwenburg größtenteils zerstört (übrig blieb nur der Treppenturm mit einigen Mauerresten) und weite Teile der Anlage schwer beschädigt (wiki de)
  • Budapest Gellert Bath
  • Cathedral of St. James in Sibenik
  • City of Bath "Bath suffered three air raids in reprisal for RAF raids on the German cities of L?beck and Rostock, part of the Luftwaffe campaign popularly known as the Baedeker Blitz. Over 400 people were killed, and more than 19,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed. Houses in the Royal Crescent, Circus and Paragon were burnt out along with the Assembly Rooms, while the south side of Queen Square was destroyed. All have since been reconstructed, and regeneration work is continuing."
  • Cologne Cathedral Suffered fourteen hits by aerial bombs during World War II, without collapsing
  • Corfu Municipal Theatre of Corfu
  • Florence Florence bridges
  • Genbaku Dome
  • Ghadames "Until World War 2, Ghadames was the home of Libya's oldest mosque, the Atik...built in 666, but destroyed by Allied bombing. A new mosque has been erected in its place."
  • Graz Despite being one of the heaviest bombed towns in Austria,the Old Town of Graz was not seriously hit as the allies concentrated on the manufacturing and railway areas BUT there was 1 significant piece of damage - The stained glass windows of the oldest church, the Stadtpfarrkirche, "were destroyed.... The new windows, designed by Albert Birkle from Salzburg caused controversy as they showed Hitler and Mussolini among the torturers of Jesus."
  • Gusuku of Ryukyu Shuri area was totally destroyed in WWII
  • Hildesheim Cathedral and Church St. Michael's Church was destroyed in an air raid during World War II on 22 March 1945 (wiki)
  • Le Havre
  • Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape Jagdschloss Katzelsdorf; link
  • Liverpool Suffered 80 air-raids, damaging docks, quays and buildings
  • Lübeck
  • Malbork Castle
  • Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic Bridge Five of its 11 arches were damaged during World War II
  • Meteora The area was bombed during WWII e.g The 14 century Agios Stefanos .... Much of the monastery was destroyed during World War Two and the Greek civil war that followed
  • Mining Sites of Wallonia Blegny-Mine colliery (destructed)
  • Museumsinsel (Museum Island)
  • Muskauer Park Both castles and the bridges were severely damaged, other constructions were totally flattened and never rebuilt
  • Naples Convent of Santa Chiara almost entirely destroyed bt Allied bombings in WWII
  • Novgorod German troop destroyed Nereditsa church.
  • Piazza del Duomo (Pisa) Campo Santo: on 27 July 1944 incendiary bombs dropped by Allied aircraft set the roof on fire and covered them in molten lead, all but destroying the tombs and their frescoes (wiki)
  • Plantin-Moretus Museum damaged in 1944 bij a german V2-rocket
  • Pompei Hit by Allied bombs in Nov 1943; link
  • Prague Neo-Gothic part of the Old City town hall entirely blown up by the Nazis
  • Regensburg Despite having the Messerschmidt factory nearby, which was heavily bombed, the old town escaped damage. Except for the historic "Steinerne Brücke" (Stone Bridge) of 1145, one pier of which was blown up by the Nazis in an attempt to stop the US armies!!
  • Salzburg Allied bombing destroyed 7,600 houses and killed 550 inhabitants. A total of 15 strikes destroyed 46 percent of the city's buildings
  • Santa Maria delle Grazie Much of the refectory was destroyed in 1943, but some walls survived, including the one that holds the Last Supper
  • Schönbrunn central wing and gloriette
  • St. Petersburg Ropsha Palace (still in partial ruins)
  • Stralsund and Wismar Wismar - " The 80 m high tower church of St Mary ( Marienkirche) is the only remainder of the original Brick Gothic edifice, built in the first half of the 13th century. It suffered heavy damage in World War II, and was deliberately destroyed in 1960 under the E German Communist government." (wiki)
  • Strasbourg From 1943 the city was bombarded by Allied aircraft. In 1944 Palais Rohan was severely damaged
  • Syracuse Heavy destruction was caused by the Allied and the German bombings in 1943
  • Tallinn Tallin suffered damage during both the Nazi push east in 1941 and the Soviet return west in 43/4. There is some belief that Soviet bombing in 1944 was directed at civilians opposed to Soviet return. "The worst damage to the town was in the air raid of 1944. St Nicholas' church and the quarters surrounding it were destroyed, a total of 11% of the historical centre"
  • Tokaji Wine Region Szerencs Bridge was destroyed by the Germans in WWII.
  • Trier Aula Palatina
  • Upper Middle Rhine Valley "Severe aerial bombardment during World War II resulted in the loss of much of the historic built heritage of Koblenz." (AB evaluation)
  • Valletta Opera House was destroyed
  • Verona
  • Vicenza Villa Valmarana in Lisiera. The villa was nearly totally destroyed during World War II, but has been rebuilt.
  • Vienna Many significant buidings in old city area were bombed in WWII such as Opera House, Burg Theatre, St.Stephen Cathedral etc
  • Vigan
  • Villa d'Este Bombed in 1944
  • Vlkolinec
  • Warsaw
  • Westminster
  • Würzburg Residence