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Western Caucasus

Western Caucasus
Orekhovsky waterfall in Sochi
The Western Caucasus comprises the extreme western edge of the Caucasus Mountains, from the Black Sea to Mount Elbrus. Together with the Virgin Komi Forests, it is one of only two large mountain areas in Europe that has not experienced significant human impact. Its habitats are exceptionally varied for such a small area, ranging from lowlands to glaciers.

The area includes:
- Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve
- Sochi National Park
- Bolshoy Thach nature park
- the nature monuments of Buiny Ridge
- the headwaters of the River Tsitsa
- the Pshecha and Pshechashcha rivers

Fauna includes wolf, bear, lynx, wild boar and the reintroduced European bison which are globally endangered.

Year Decision Comments
2004Not approvedExtension not approved: recommends a comprehensive assessment of the Western Caucasus to identify all potential sites that may merit inclusion in a serial World Heritage site
1999 Inscribed Reasons for inscription


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