Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
The Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, located in the Amazon Basin, is one of the most biologically diverse areas in the world. Ranging in altitude from 200 to 1000m, the park has Cerrado savannah, wetlands and evergreen rainforests.
An estimated 4,000 species of flora as well as over 600 bird species and viable populations of many globally endangered or threatened vertebrate species live in the park. Among these are the giant otter, giant anteater, hyacinth macaw, giant armadillo, pink river dolphin, maned wolf, marsh and pampas deer.
The park was founded on June 28, 1979. Its original name was "Parque Nacional Huanchaca", but was then changed to "Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado" in honor of the late Prof. Noel Kempff Mercado, for his research and discoveries in the Park.
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Full name: Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
2000 - InscribedReasons for inscription
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- Anteaters giant anteater, silky anteater
- Big Waterfalls Catarata Arco Iris
- Crocodiles broad-snouted caiman, black caiman
- High-Biodiversity Wilderness Area Amazonia
- Orchids 110 species of orchids are recorded from the Park (UNEP-WCMC)
- Otters Giant otter
- River Dolphins Amazonian River Dolphin "Viable populations exist of many globally endangered or threatened large vertebrates including the .... pink river dolphin" (AB)
- Sloths brown-throated sloth, two-toed sloth
- Turtles and tortoises Habitat of yellow-spotted river turtle
- Holocene Pollen and charcoal records from two large, shallow lakes reveal that throughout most of the past 50,000 yr Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, in northeastern lowland Bolivia (southwestern Amazon Basin), was predominantly covered by savannas and seasonally dry semideciduous forests.
- Named after individual people Prof. Noel Kempff Mercado