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Belfries

The Belfries of Belgium and France are 56 bell-towers, built between the 11th and 20th centuries.

They are mostly found in town centers, and connected to the local town hall or church. At their time, the Belfries represented the growing importance of cities instead of the feudal system in the Middle Ages.

After several fires, stone began to be used as building material instead of wood. Mainly square, robust towers were built in this period. Later, from the 14th to the 17th century when most of the still remaining belfries were built, the towers lose their defensive character. They become narrower, and the styles are influenced by Baroque. In the 19th and 20th centuries, newly created belfries had a more symbolic value of independence and prosperity.

Map

Visit Jan 2001, Apr 2005, May 2006, September 2013

Of the numerous belfries in Belgium, I first visited the one in Lier. Lier is a picturesque small town near Antwerp. It also has an old Beguinage, part of another worldheritage. The tower in Lier distinguishes itself because of the 4 little towers. It's situated at a typical Flemish square, where a market for pigeon enthousiasts was going on when I was there.

The belfry in Leuven, another nice Flemish town, I visited four years later. It's part of St. Peter's church. This tower has a quite unusual shape because it was left unfinished.

My first French belfry I saw in Amiens. I had expected Amiens to be a lot more like those Belgian towns, but there isn't much left of its medieval history besides the city's two highlights: the Cathedral and this belfry.

The belfry in Gent was the first one that I climbed. Its stairs are narrow and winding, so it is not for all. I met an English speaking tourist on the way up, who had left his wife behind downstairs. It does reward one with a magnificent view of the skyline of Gent.

I visited during the festivities of its 700th birthday (1313-2013). The circuit let us also into the quarters of the St. Michaels guild (now a fencing club) in the Cloth Hall that is build against the belfry. With a good zoom lens you can also see the 4 guard statues that are placed on the corners of the belfry.

Community Reviews


Thibault Magnien - October 2014

I have studied in the Lille area and I spent a lot of time traveling throughout French and Belgian countrysides.

So far, I have seen 43 of the belfries.

The most amazing ones were Ypres, Gand, Tournai, Bruges, Aalst, Arras, Armentières, Mons, Béthune, Douai, Calais and Rue.


Clyde - September 2012

This has to be one of the easiest WHS to tick off your list if you only intend to view one or a few of the 33 Belgian sites + 23 French sites in this entry. However, it is quite a task to visit all of them since they are scattered all over both countries. I have visited 16 sites in total (14 in Belgium and 2 in France) and climbed most of the belfries where this was possible. My favourite one is that of Tournai, adorning the square below and the cathedral nearby (another WHS), closely followed by the belfries of Antwerp and Bruges for their architectural beauty and importance.


Gene Mosher - December 2011

My wife, Barbara and I were guests of Eddy Baeyens (of Buggenhout) in November of 2011. Eddy and I were schoolmates from Xaverius College (Borgerhout) in 65-66. Eddy had arranged for us to climb to the top of the Stadhuis Belfry in Dendermonde and to be given a hands on explanation of the Carillon and even a brief, unscheduled concert by the Carillon Master, Marc Van Boven. I was also given the opportunity to play a little tune on the Carillon myself! It was a very long 160 step trip to the top of the Belfry where the 49 bells are, even above the clock. There was just enough room for the three of us. A wonderful experience!


John Booth - May 2010

Visiting the belfries of northern France and Belgium involves travelling to many little-known towns that are well off the tourist trail. So on my visit to the region I covered some of the 56 included in the WHS, and found them to be all different - no two alike. It was quickly apparent that much of what I saw were copies, that the originals had been destroyed in WW1, WW11 or both:

Amiens - a short squat tower close to the cathedral (also a WHS)

Calais - a tall red brick tower attached to the town hall

Boulogne - square and grey, and now a war memorial

Hesdin - appears to poke out of the town hall roof, the lower part can be seen inside the tourist office

Rue - large squat tower

Abbeville - tall square tower

Loos - a tall red brick tower with corbels and turrets

Lille - very tall, slim red brick tower

Bethune - decrepit and grimy

Comines - red brick with onion dome roof

Gravellines - tall yellow brick tower

Dunkirk (St Eloi) - a tall square tower

Dunkirk (town hall) - red brick tower attached to the town hall

Bergues - tall yellow brick tower with onion dome roof

Bailleul - tall yellow brick tower with lantern roof

Armentiers - tall red brick tower with spire, attached to the town hall

Cambrai - tall grey stone, originally a church tower

Douai - grey stone tower attached to the town hall, with a brilliant 62 bell carillion

Arras - a yellow brick monument attached to the town hall

Tournai - elegant white stone tower

Roeslare - tall square tower attached to the town hall

Oudenaarde - a tall ornate tower, an integral part of the town hall

Kortrijk - a short red brick tower with turrets

Menen - octagonal red brick tower

Ypres - large and squat with turrets, attached to the cloth hall (near the Menen Gate, a huge WW1 memorial)

Mons - tall grey stone tower with onion dome roof

Charleroi - a tall slender tower

Gembloux - a brick tower with onion dome roof

Namur - a squat, circular tower

Binche - a tall brick tower with a tiered roof, attached to the town hall

Ghent - a stone tower with spire

Eeklo - a slender red brick tower overshadwed by a somber church tower nearby

Veurne - wedding cake style, overshadowed by a huge church behind

Dixmude - tall towerr attached to the town hall

Tielt - a cute brick tower with a lantern roof

Dendermonde - tall white brick tower attached to the town hall

Aalst - white brick tower with corbels and decorative panels

Bruges - a square and circular wedding cake tower of white stone

Tongeren - a large square tower attached to a church

Tienen - square tower attached to St Gemanicus' church

Mechlen - multi facetted tower of St Rombould's cathedral

Antwerp - tall spire attached to the OLV cathedral

Antwerp - squat tower attached to the town hall

Herentals - a slim circular brick tower on a triangular gable

Lier - a white tower with steeple, attached to the town hall.


Klaus Freisinger - August 2006

Formerly known as the Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia and now called the Belfries of Belgium and France after 23 such buildings in the north of France were added to the 33 already on the List from Belgium, these make an easy site to visit, since you can go to almost any town in Belgium or northern France and see a belfry there that's probably on the List. Generally speaking, a belfry is a symbol of a city's freedom from some outside overlord (as opposed to a castle - symbol of the feudal lords - and a belltower - symbol of the church) and later came to signify a city's wealth and prosperity. The ones I have seen are the ones in Ghent (a huge building that used to function as a fortified watchtower, also the only one I have seen from the inside - there are lots of stairs and a lift to take you to the top to enjoy a great view over the city), Bruges(a symbol of the city known the world over, as evidenced by the Longfellow poem The Belfry of Bruges; by law, no building in the city may be higher than the belfry), Lier (attached to the Town Hall), Leuven (part of St. Peter's Church, but not well visible), the 2 in Antwerp (cathedral and town hall), the 2 in Mechelen (also cathedral - very impressive - and town hall - the belfort forms the middle part of the building and is quite low), and the one in Amiens in France (quite nice, but nothing outstanding).


Marcel - July 2005

I visited the town of Brugge in summer 2004 as I had to take a train from there back home so that I could subscribe for university just in time. I've been on vacation in northern France, directly behind the Belgian boarder and so used around six hours to visit this town. The Belfry of Brugge is really beautiful and it definately dominates the market square. I sat in a café at the market and had a lovely view to this amazing building which is really worth a visit.


William Sambrook

The beautiful belfry in Mons (Hainaut) is the only Baroque one in Belgium and symbolic of the city. It is located in the highest part of the town, built as the name Mons suggests, on a hill. The youth hostel is right next door. Mons is in the industrial Borinage region of Southwest Belgium and often overlooked in favour of the showcase cities of Flanders. There are, however more world heritage sites or parts of world heritage sites in Hainaut province (4) than in any other in Belgium.


Ian Cade

I have now seen many of the Belfries inscribed, 15 I think. Perhaps the most impressive is the Belfry of Onze Lieve Vrowkathedraal in Antwerpen (pictured) which contains four major paintings by Rubens and is well worth a visit, it shares a square with the Stadhuis which is also inscribed. In the rest of Flanders, the one in Mechelen is massive, the one in Brugge seems to be too big for the area it inhabits, Gent has a very interesting one with statues of the former guards on it, and the one in Leuven is odd as it was never completed but is set in a fantastic city with much a more impressive neighbour in the shape of the Stadhuis. I also visited the Cloth-hall in Ypres when I was on a school trip to WWI battle sites, and surprisingly I remember it but not too much of the detail.

In Wallonia the most impressive Belfry was the one at Tournai which is right next to the Cathedral, it has some excellent multi-lingual exhibits inside that explain the role of the Belfries very well, I also managed to catch a look at the one in Mons on the way to the Flint mines at Spiennes.

Of the new ones added in France I have seen many from differing modes of transport and the one that sticks in my head is the one in Lille as it was big enough to make an impression from the Eurostar train. I did manage to stop and get a good look at the one in Calais lit up at night, which was surprisingly nice, as the city, to be polite, is not surprisingly nice!

It is defiantly enjoyable to visit these cities and there is normally much more to see than just the Belfries. In this corner of Western Europe you also have some of its best food and in Belgium especially its best beers to make the experience all the more enjoyable.


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Site Info

Full name: Belfries of Belgium and France

Site History

  • 2005 - Extended

    To include belfries in France and another one in Belgium (Gembloux)
  •  
  • 1999 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
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Locations

The site has 56 locations. Show all

  • 'Ancienne Halle avec Beffroi Mechelen, Grote Markt 21, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Beffroi d'Abbeville Abbeville, Somme, Picardie, France
  • 'Beffroi d'Amiens Amiens, Somme, Picardie, France
  • 'Beffroi de B
  • 'Beffroi de Bergues Bergues, Nord, Nord Pas de Calais, France
  • 'Beffroi de Gembloux Gembloux, Namur, Wallonne, Belgium
  • 'Beffroi de Gravelines Gravelines, Nord, Nord Pas de Calais, France
  • 'Beffroi de l'
  • 'Beffroi de l'
  • 'Beffroi de l'ancienne maison communale de Doullens Doullens, Somme, Picardie, France
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de l'H
  • 'Beffroi de Mons Mons, Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium
  • 'Beffroi de Namur Namur, Namur, Wallonia, Belgium
  • 'Beffroi de porte de Lucheux Lucheux, Somme, Picardie, France
  • 'Beffroi de Rue Rue, Somme, Picardie, France
  • 'Beffroi de Saint-Riquier Saint-Riquier, Somme, Picardie, France
  • 'Beffroi de Thuin Thuin, Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium
  • 'Beffroi de Tournai Tournai, Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium
  • 'Belfort en Hallen Brugge, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Belfort en Schepenhuis / Beffroi et maison
  • 'Belfort en Stadhuis Menen, Grote Markt 1, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Belfort met Lakenhal (Beffroi / Halle-aux-Draps) Ieper, Grote Markt 34, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Belfort, Lakenhal en Mammelokker (ancienne prison) Gent, Botermarkt 17, Oost-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Halletoren ou Belfort, Hal en Schepenkamer Tielt, Markt 1, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Het Belfort of Halletoren Kortrijk, Grote Markt, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Landhuis met Belfort Veurne, Grote Markt 29, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Onze-Lieve-Lievevrouwebasiliek met Stadstoren Tongeren, Grote Markt, Limbourg, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal Antwerpen, Handschoenmarkt, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Sint-Germanuskerk met Stadstoren Tienen, Veemarkt 36, Vlaams Brabant, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Sint-Leonarduskerk Zoutleeuw, Grote Markt, Vlaams Brabant, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Sint-Pieterskerk / Belfort Leuven, Vlaams Bramant, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis Antwerpen, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis en Belforttoren Lier, Grote Markt 58, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis met Belfort Dendermonde, Grote Markt 1, Oost-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis met Belfort Diksmuide, Grote Markt 6, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis met Belfort Eeklo, Grote Markt 34, Oost-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis met Belfort Oudenaarde, Grote Markt 1, Oost-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis met Toren Sint-Truiden, Grote Markt, Limbourg, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadhuis, Stadshal en Belfort Roeselare, Grote Markt/Zuidstraat, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Stadshal met Belfort Nieuwpoort, Grote Markt, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Tour de Saint-Rombaut Mechelen, Sint-Romboutskerkhof, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Voormalig Stadhuis / Lakenhal Herentals, Grote Markt, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 'Voormalig Stadhuis met Belfort Lo-Reninge, Markt 1, West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium

Connections

The site has 33 connections.

Architecture

  • Art Deco Beffroi de l'Hôtel de Ville (Charleroi)
  • Baroque belfry of Mons
  • Bentheim Sandstone Church of Our Lady in Antwerp
  • Brick architecture belfru of Calais,Loos, Lille, Comines, Gravellines, Herentals, tielt, Binche
  • Cenotaph In 1923, a cenotaph was added to the base of the Belfry of Dunkerque in remembrance of the deaths during WWI
  • Gothic Antwerp, Tongeren

Constructions

  • Carillons Aalst, Antwerp, Binche, Bruges, Charleroi, Dendermonde, Diksmuide, Eeklo, Gembloux, Gent, Herentals, Ypres, Kortrijk, Leuven, Mechelen, Menen, Mons, Sint-Truiden, Thuin, Tielt, Tienen, Tongeren, Tournai, Zoutleeuw, Bergues, Douai
  • Clock Tower Cathedral of Our Lady (Antwerp)
  • Famous tapestries Belfrie of Oudenaarde: The tapestries hanging in the Lower Cloth Hall and the adjacent Cloth Hall building represent an art form that brought the city fame between about the 15th-18th centuries
  • Freestanding Bell Tower 
  • Octagons Menen and Bruges
  • Prison belfry of Gent and Tournai were used as prison
  • Unfinished constructions Belfry of Leuven

Damaged

Geography

History

  • Feudalism The density of belfries is greatest in regions were feudal society was the strictest (AB ev)
  • International Exhibitions World's Fair 1913 Ghent: its Belfry was renovated for that occasion, and a new spire was erected

Human Activity

Individual People

Religion and Belief

  • Cathedrals Bas ND de Tongres (Former Cath), Cath Notre Dame (Antwerp)

Timeline

Trivia

WHS Hotspots

World Heritage Process