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Troy

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The Archaeological Site of Troy is the traditional location of Homeric Troy.

In the 1870s Heinrich Schliemann, excavated the area. Later excavations revealed several cities built in succession to each other. One of the earlier cities (Troy VII) is often identified with Homeric Troy.

Troy is a legendary city and center of the Trojan War, as described in the Epic Cycle, and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer.

Map

Community Reviews


James Lawton - July 2014

A visit to the site of Troy was a highlight of our trip to Turkey. The local guide was quite knowledgeable and the site is well marked for understanding the various levels of the nine "Troys" including the siege of Troy 6 or 7 which inspired the foremost classic of western literature.


Peter Day - September 2008

As other reviews have said the jumble of 9 different settlements makes it hard to work out what is what. It helps if you have read the story of the first excavations. The site has a number of very helpful boards explaining what you are looking at. The wooden horse is kitsch - the nearby town of Canakkale has the one from the movie, which is more impressive but you can't climb inside it.

The greatest thing - to have stood on the same ground as KIng Priam and Achilles!


Ar Oktem

This archeological site which is assumed to be Troy named in Illiad of Homeros, actually is not one ancient city. Instead it is the ruins of at least 9 different settlements built one on the top of the other, dating back to early bronze ages.

Although there is not much to see for someone who is not interested in the history and the myths; for anyone interested, this site represents a chance to take a glimpse to the wound of modern western civilization on the green skirts of Mount Ida.

The Archeological Museum of Canakkale gives a chance to view some of the ancient artifacts taken from the site.

The old road to Assos might be a focus of atraction cutting through the ruins of more that 20 ancient settlements predating Christ; in addition Gallipoli, with the monuments and other traces of the well-known epic drama of World War II.


Glenn Austerfield - March 2006

Visited in 2000.

The site is not very big, but is well worth a visit if you have an interest in Troy. The site is a bit of a jumble, as Heinrich Schleimann's excavation was hodgepodge, so it's worth it to get a map. The Trojan horse is pretty kitschy, but a fun photo op.

For WWI buffs, it's worth it to stay in Canukkale to combine a visit to Gallipoli as well.


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Site Info

Full name: Archaeological Site of Troy

Site History

Locations

The site has 2 locations.

  • Troy

Connections

The site has 28 connections.

Architecture

Constructions

  • Bouleuterion Part of Troy VIII. The Bouleuterion is situated just to the left of the current entrance (or alternatively at the end of the circuit). See
  • Tell 
  • Theatres Odeion

Damaged

Geography

  • Mediterranean shore 
  • Straits Dardanelles (The ancient city of Troy was located near the western entrance of the strait, and the strait's Asiatic shore was the focus of the Trojan War)

History

  • Ancient Anatolian cultures Assuwa league: Wilusiya is commonly identified with Ilion (Troy)
  • Atlantis The geoarchaeologist Eberhard Zangger has proposed the hypothesis that Atlantis was in fact the city state of Troy(Wiki)
  • Bronze Age 
  • Bronze Age Collapse Level VIIA see
  • Buried treasures Priam's Treasure / by: Schliemann/ in: 1873 / now: Pushkin Museum Moscow
  • Early Archaeology Excavation by Schliemann and Calvert started at 1865. It was the first time a historical text was connected to an archaeological excavation. This was also the first stratigraphic excavation.
  • Homeric Locations Site of the Trojan War
  • Recorded cultural discoveries Charles Maclaren (Scottish) 1822 established the area, Frank Calvert (English) 1850's-60's did early excavations , Charles Schliemann 1870's provided "proof"
  • Sieges and Battles Acheans c1200BC

Human Activity

  • Famous Archaeological Trenches The "Schliemann Trench" - "German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann was the first to explore the Mound of Troy in the 1870s. Unfortunately, he had had no formal education in archaeology, and dug an enormous trench “which we still call the Schliemann Trench,” according to Rose, because in the process Schliemann “destroyed a phenomenal amount of material.” (Wiki)
  • Literature It is ... of exceptional cultural importance because of the profound influence of Homer's Iliad on the creative arts over more than two millennia (AB ev)

Individual People

Religion and Belief

  • Hercules Hercules and his followers attacked Troy and sacked it
  • Legends and Folk Myths Trojan Horse
  • Prophecies Cassandra, daughter of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy, foresaw the destruction of Troy. She warned the Trojans about the Trojan Horse, the death of Agamemnon, and her own demise, though was unable to do anything to forestall these tragedies since they did not believe her.

Timeline

  • Built in the 2nd Millennium BC "struggle for commercial supremacy between Troy and Mycenae that culminated in the siege of Troy in the 13th century BC was immortalized by Homer in The Iliad" (AB ev)

Trivia