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Malbork Castle

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The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is an architecturally influential brick castle complex built by the Teutonic Knights.

Malbork Castle was founded by the Teutonic Order after the conquest of Old Prussia. Its main purpose was to strengthen their own control of the area following the Order's 1274 suppression of the Great Prussian Uprising of the Baltic tribes.

Malbork (or Marienburg in German) was built from the late 13th century by the Knights, who controlled at that time the Baltic coast. From 1309 Malbork was the Order's headquarters.

The castle is the largest brick building in Europe, and possibly in the world. It has kept its original Medieval design.

Following major damage during World War II, Malbork Castle was extensively rebuilt and restored. The Castle is now a museum.

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Community Reviews


Bojana Bartol - April 2015

This fortress was founded by the German Teutonic Order and steadily expanded what makes it today the largest brick building in the world. This fort is in very good condition and is well worth a visit. Due to the size of the complex, however, it should be at least 2 hours to schedule a visit.


John Booth - January 2014

This castle must be listed for its massive size and for the millions of bricks used in its construction. I did not find the structure aesthetically pleasing.

I did however admire the frescoe of the 'Last Supper' in the Chapel. While not as large as Leonardo's in Milan, it is in much better condition.


Sharon - August 2012

Malbork is a wonderful piece of history..and has been wonderfully restored after the terrible distruction during WWll.. How sad to try to wipe out the pride of the Polish people. Our tour was very well done and we could have stayed hours more. So beautiful.


Ian Cade - November 2011

There is something about big sprawling castles that unlocks the child in me. Malbork certainly did that, for as soon as I had traversed its draw bridge and penetrated its defensive walls I wanted to run and look down every corridor and creak open every heavy wooden door.

The castle is massive and it dominates the town of Malbork. You can see it from miles away, and the view from the train as you cross the river from the north is a hugely impressive way to enter a town.

The castle was badly bombed during the Second World War, but the restoration has been remarkable, returning the structures to their original grandeur whilst making it possible to see what has been rebuilt by looking at the patterns of the bricks. The striking interior of the chapel shows the restoration very well.

Scattered around the castle are several displays of art works and I particularly liked the gothic sculptures and the images of its use during the Nazi occupation. Its role as the former base of the Teutonic nights proved a wonderful propaganda coup for the Third Reich. I don't think I visited the entire interior as it is a very large castle, however I did really enjoy just wandering off down dead ends providing unexpected glorious views of the ramparts.

Malbork is a very impressive castle with an intriguing history and it makes a very worthwhile trip Gdansk though do try to get the express trains if possible as the regional ones were fiendishly and needlessly slow.

[Site 6: Experience 6]


Jose Gomes - September 2006

As happens with the majority of the other sites classified by the UNESCO in Poland, this castle has been rebuilt and you can feel easily the atmosfere of the teutonic times. It is a massive construction, with huge walls and tall towers near a river. Some parts of its interior are being restored, especially a very nice church inside, and you can find there some shops and exhibitions of Polish contemporary art.


Anders

A place well worth visiting. History come alive within this castle, and although wrecked by the communists trying to delete the history of Europe, there is a lot saved from the times of the teutonic knights.


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Site Info

Full name: Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

Site History

Locations

The site has 1 locations.

  • Malbork Castle

Connections

The site has 11 connections.

Architecture

Geography

History

  • Teutonic Knights One of a series of fortifications known as "Ordensburgen". These were originally constructed by the TK and the Livonian Brothers of the Sword (who merged into the Teutonic Knights in 1237) to fortify territory in Prussia and Livonia against the pagan aboriginals.
  • The Crusades Criterion (iii): .... "The Castle is at the same time the major material manifestation of the Crusades in eastern Europe, the forced baptism of the Baltic peoples, and the colonization of their tribal territories"

Timeline

  • Built in the 14th century Constructed between 1309 and 1406, also headquartes of the Teutonic Knights between 1309 and 1466

Trivia

WHS on Other Lists

World Heritage Process