San Pedro de la Roca Castle
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba, is a 17th century fortress which is considered the best preserved and most complete example of Spanish-American military architecture.
The castle and associated batteries protected the canal that leads up to the harbour of Santiago.
The castle was designed by the Italian Giovanni Battista Antonelli in Renaissance style. It was built on a promontory (morro in Spanish) with steep cliffs. Series of stairways connect the various levels, with constructions dating from various ages.
The fortress has been damaged and rebuilt several times after earthquakes and piracy attacks.
Iain Jackson - January 2011
This site, known locally as El Morro, was easily reached from Santiago de Cuba at the time of my visit in February 2001. A local bus will take you to Ciudamar, a settlement on the southern shore of the almost enclosed bay with Santiago at its head, and from there it is possible to catch one of the little launches which shuttle between various points on the bay. I went first to La Socapa, a small village at the foot of the hill, from the easily reached top of which, excellent views of the castle across the narrow(400m?) entrance to the harbour, and indeed for miles along the coast in both directions, can be had.
I was surprised not to find any evidence of fortification on this side of the harbour entrance.
Once back in Ciudamar it's a walk of about 20 minutes to the foot of the hill on which the castle itself is located. It has grown over several different levels, the lowest being a little above the high water line with some of the rooms carved out of the soft rock.
At a higher level the castle is protected by a deep moat and bastions at every change in direction of the castle's hefty wall.The various levels are connected by staircases and by a series of tunnels which is fun to explore
Some of the castle rooms are now used as a museum illustrating local building techniques and telling the story of piracy in the region. There was also a restaurant.
I was able to wander hassle-free at will throughout this very impressive example of (mostly) Spanish military architecture in a Caribbean setting. All in all a very rewarding day's excursion from Cuba's second city.
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Full name: San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba
1997 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 14 connections. Show all
- Bombarded by the British Navy the Royal Navy under Rear Admiral Charles Knowles unsuccessfully bombarded this Cuban, Spanish-occupied castle, also called the Castillo del Morro, in April 1748 during the War of Jenkins' Ear.
- Destroyed or damaged by Earthquake Between 1675 and 1692 the fortress was damaged by a series of earthquakes and reconstruction had to be carried out under the direction of Francisco Pérez between 1693 and 1695 ... it was again damaged by earthquakes between 1757 and 1766. (wiki)
- Built in the 17th century As the conflict between Spain and England grew in the 17th century the governor of the town began the construction of a stone fortress in 1638 (AB ev)