Lake Turkana


Lake Turkana National Parks is a group of three national parks. Reasons for the park's importance include its use as a stopping point for migratory birds, as a breeding ground for the Nile crocodile, hippopotamus, and snakes. It also contains both animal and hominid fossils in the Koobi Fora deposits which are unique in the world.

Lake Turkana National Parks consist of Sibiloi National Park and two islands on Lake Turkana (South Island and Central Island).


Community Reviews

Share your experiences!

Have you been to Lake Turkana? Click here to add your own review.

Site Info

Full name: Lake Turkana National Parks

Site History

  • 2001 - Extended

    To include South Island National Park
  • 2001 - Name change

    From "Sibiloi/Central Island National Parks" to "Lake Turkana National Parks"
  • 1997 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
  • 1997 - Deferred

    Bureau - Need to sort out Natural aspects (Mammal fossils) from Cultural (Hominid) even though Kenya only nominated under natural criteria


The site has 3 locations.

  • Central Island Marsabit District in Eastern Province, Kenya
  • Sibiloi National Park Marsabit District in Eastern Province, Kenya
  • South Island Marsabit District in Eastern Province, Kenya


The site has 20 connections.


  • 'Threatened' by Dams (Gibe III Dam under construction on the Omo River in Ethiopia, which flows into the Site)




  • Early Hominid Remains Human fossils (at Koobi Fora) include the remains of Australopithecus robustus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens.

Individual People

  • Leakey Family Lake Turkana Koobi Fora research involved Richard and is now headed by Meave and Louise Leakey.
  • Sir Wilfred Thesiger From his autobiography "The Life of my Choice"


  • Early Pleistocene oldest hominid remains are 2 million years old
  • Pliocene This property's main geological features stem from the Pliocene and Holocene periods (4million to 10,000 years old). (Nom file)

WHS on Other Lists