Mount Kenya National Park / Natural Forest protects the region surrounding Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa at 5,199 m.
The mountain is an extinct vulcano. It has 12 remnant glaciers on its slopes, which are retreating rapidly. Also there are several small lakes and it is the main water catchment area for two large rivers in Kenya; the Tana and the Ewaso Ng'iso North.
At lower altitudes Colobus and other monkeys and Cape Buffalo are prevalent. Some larger mammals such as elephants range up to 4,500 m.
Zack Culvert - March 2006
There is a drought now all over Kenya, as the mini rainy season of Nov 2005 did not come. So the Masai bring their cattle and sheep up to the tourist area. This drove away the animals. The cows meanwhile are dying from the altitude and new germs which they have no resistence to. Seeing a lot of dead and dying cows being butchered was not fun.
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Full name: Mount Kenya National Park / Natural Forest
2013 - ExtendedTo include Lewa Wildlife Conservancy and Ngare Ndare Forest Reserve
1997 - InscribedReasons for inscription
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- Glaciers Northey, Krapf, Gregory, Lewis, Diamond, Darwin, Forel, Heim, Tyndall, Cesar, Josef. (Not expected to last longer than another 30 years)
- Individual Mountains Mt Kenya 5199m
- Territorial Highest points 5199m/17057ft
- Volcanic plugs
- World's most prominant mountains 32nd most prominent (3825m/1374m/Kilimanjaro)
- Charles Darwin The Darwin Glacier was named by the geologist John Walter Gregory - the first person to reach the icefields of Mt Kenya in 1892/3.In his book "The Great Rift Valley" he describes that this "was so named as we owe to Darwin the first precise description of a glacial valley in England"
- Leakey Family Gray Leakey, a cousin of Louis Leakey, was taken captive and led into the forests of Mount Kenya, high up on the mountain, where "he was buried alive and upside down in deep red soil" (during the Mau Mau insurgency 1952-1960)
Religion and Belief
- Pliocene Mount Kenya is a stratovolcano that was active in the Plio-Pleistocene (wiki) / It is an ancient extinct volcano, which during its period of activity (3.1-2.6 million years ago) is thought to have risen to 6,500 m (AB ev)
- Country named after them The mountain was named by Krapf as both Kenia and Kegnia when he first sited it in 1849 apparently using a native word which he recorded (possibly Kikuyu Kirinyaga?). The colony in which it stands was originally known just as "British East Africa Protectorate" but the growing number of white settlers led to a change of status in 1920 when the "Kenya Colony" was created - named after the mountain. Because of their indiginous origins the names of both the mountian and the country were carried forward unaltered into the post colonial era.
- Depicted on National Coat of Arms Kenya
- Fatal Accidents or 'disasters' "On July 19, 2003, a South African registered aircraft, carrying 12 passengers and two crew, crashed into Mount Kenya at Point Lenana: nobody survived"
- Highest (over 5000m) Mt Kenya (5119m)