The Historic City of Meknes was the capital city for the Alaouite dynasty (17th century). Its Sultan Moulay Ismaïl redesigned the city in Hispano-Moorish style.
Meknes is enclosed by 25 km long walls that are pierced by monumental gates like the Bab Mansour. Over 80 monuments are enlisted, including mosques, medresas, hammams and fondouks.
Visit January 2010
I visited Meknes on the morning of the 1st of January, not the best choice of times. The Place el-Hedim, Meknes’s attempt at having their own Djemaa el-Fna, looked desolate (especially under the grey clouds that didn’t want to give way to the sun). The medina was deserted, most of the shops closed. The same unfortunately was true for the Dar Jamaï Museum, advertised by my Lonely Planet guide as “one of Morocco’s best museums”.
One might also wonder why this medina has been placed on the List, next to the more mindblowing ones in Marrakech and Fez. You'll get a medina-overdose anyway in Morocco.
As I clearly didn't enjoy my time here in Meknes, I decided to skip the royal stables (probably closed too). I travelled on to Volubilis and Moulay Idriss on the same day, both well worth the effort so that I had a fine day after all.
Michael Turtle - January 2016
I hadn't heard much about Meknes before I got there but I was really impressed with all the things there were to see. This was once an imperial city and so there are all sorts of grand buildings. However, the most interesting things for me were the place that had particular uses.
The first is the old granary which is enormous and I can't even imagine how it would have been filled with food. The other is the old prison which is underground and used to have tens of thousands of slaves all chained up here while they weren't out building the monuments.
I stayed for two nights so I had a full day to explore and I'm glad I did. It meant that I could see things at a leisurely pace and also sit in the main square in the afternoon and have a coffee and watch everything go by.
Read more from Michael Turtle here.
Ian Cade - December 2013
I liked Meknes, admittedly I would probably give it the lowest billing of Morocco's four Imperial cities, but I did find it the most welcoming and the one where it felt easiest to get a grasp of everyday life in a Moroccan city.
There are a few monumental sites; Bab Mansour being the most obvious, but the imperial grounds behind are certainly worth the time to walk around. We had a rather enjoyable meal overlooking the city walls before heading down to join the locals out for a post fast celebration on Place Lalla Aouda. Indeed the main square Place el Hedim brought back fond memories of Marrakesh. Whilst it certainly isn't Jemaa El Fna it was a welcoming and enjoyable place with a distinct buzz and relatively low hassle value. After our issues with Fez after dark it was really nice to be able to stroll around in a friendly environment and witness locals heading off to the Mosque and bartering in the souqs. We even enjoyed the odd experience of being stranded in the new town as a sandstorm swept through the town, the eerie desolation led off empty streets as dusk set in was certainly unique.
Meknes may not be the greatest city in Morocco, however we rather enjoyed its relaxed ambiance and its location close to Fez, Volubilis and Rabat make it a nice easy place to visit; a great place to escape for a more laid back urban version of Morocco.
[Site 6: Experience 6]
Solivagant - April 2006
If you plan a tour of Morocco you will be faced with the question of how many of the 4 “Imperial cities” (Rabat, Meknes, Fez and Marrakech) to visit. All, except Rabat, are UNESCO inscribed – which is probably about right If you have to choose, then certainly don’t miss either Marrakech or Fez! Yet Meknes is worth a couple of hours even if you are short of time and is convenient anyway for another WHS at Volubilis and a T list site at Moulay Idris. (Possibly significantly, Morocco has 4 different “Medinas” in its list but Meknes is “badged” in French and English as a “City” – I wonder why? Elsewhere the word “Medina” is used quite happily to describe an Arab “city” in its entirety including palaces, walls etc - was Morocco just getting too many “Medinas” on its list!)
Meknes was an imperial city created by Sultan Moulay Ismael which was never really completed and was then abandoned and partially destroyed by his son in favour of Marrakech. It was built in mid 17th century and has been called (inappropriately in my view) the “Versailles of Morocco” because it was approximately contemporaneous with Louis XIV and his own constructions (Moulay Ismail saw himself as superior to the French monarch and apparently suggested that Louis XIV should convert to Islam and offered to take 1 of his daughters as a wife!). Some of the palace buildings were restored and are used by the current Sultan but much remains in ruins. The walls stretch for miles and the main gate “Bab el Mansour” (photo) whose columns were taken from Volubilis is one of the architectural “highlights” – which perhaps gives you a measure of the “value scale” of what you will see. Inside the walls, the streets and souks are pleasant enough but don’t have the same sense of size and mystery as at Fez and Marrakech – one doesn’t feel “in danger” of losing oneself here!
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Full name: Historic City of Meknes
1996 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 22 connections. Show all
- Aqueduct Aqueduct of Bab Berda
- Baths Ten hammams
- Cemeteries Two Jewish cemeteries
- Cisterns "Within are the palace with its ... water storage cisterns" (unesco website)
- Horse Stables Royal Stable
- Mausolea Mausoleum of Sultan Moulay Ismail (architect of Meknes) and mausoleum of Sidi ben Aïssa (founder of Sufi fraternity)
- Mosaic art Bab Mansour
- Prison Cara Prison
- Walled cities
- Destroyed or damaged by Earthquake 1755 Lisbon earthquake
- Irrigation and drainage Agdal reservoir
Religion and Belief
- Built in the 17th century "The historic city of Meknes represents, in an exceptionally complete and well preserved way, the urban fabric and monumental buildings of a 17th century Maghreb capital city which combines elements of Islamic and European design and planning in a harmonious fashion." (OUV statement for Criterion iv)
- Dubbed as another WHS The Versailles of Morocco
- Fatal Accidents or 'disasters' Collapse of the Lalla Khenata mosque's minaret in the old Bab el Bardiyine neighbourhood left 41 people dead (February 2010)
- Located in a Former Capital Morocco (1672-1727)
- Moved from location of original construction The marble columns of Bab Mansour were taken from the Roman ruins of Volubilis
World Heritage Process
- Inscribed on a single criterion only iv. to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history