White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal
The White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal embraces eight medieval limestone monuments of Zalesye.
- Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir (1158-60, 1185-89);
- The Golden Gate in Vladimir (1158-64, with later modifications);
- The Cathedral of Saint Demetrius in Vladimir (1194-97);
- The castle of Andrew the Pious in Bogolyubovo (1158-65, with later modifications);
- The Church of the Intercession on the Nerl in Bogolyubovo (1165);
- The Suzdal Kremlin with the Nativity Cathedral (1222-25, built up in the 16th century);
- The Monastery of Saint Euthymius in Suzdal (mostly 16th century);
- The Church of Boris and Gleb in Kideksha (1152, with later mofifications).
Wojciech Fedoruk - September 2016
Tserkvas of Vladimir and Suzdal are among the best preserved sacral buildings in Russia. Even during Stalinism they did not suffer that much (although many of numerous tserkvas in Suzdal were closed or destroyed, still most of them survived). Now these two places are probably the most interesting part of Golden Circle not only for WHS fans.
I arrived early in Vladimir and took the first bus to Suzdal. Fortunately, in the morning the site was not as crowded as it was some hours later, so I could praise the beauty of the town and take photos uninterrupted. Suzdal is like a large skansen, absolutely unique place in Russia and all former Soviet Union. All important tserkvas and monasteries are within a walking distance, but seeing them requires some time and physical effort. For me even more important than visiting particular buildings (inscribed or not) was just wandering around the town and admiring its landscape.
On the practical side, the journey from Vladimir to Suzdal takes 1 hour, but the bus station is around 2 km from the town centre. Direct buses extend their route to the center and I recommend using it (there is extra fee of about 20 rubles). Indirect buses (to Ivanovo) stop only at the bus station.
Unlike Suzdal, Vladimir is a large city, very well connected with major Russian cities. The main monuments are not so far from the train/bus station, so you may walk or take a city bus/tram. The number one is undisputedly Assumption Cathedral with original frescos by Andrei Rublov (on a side, to take a good background I strongly recommend watching Rublov by Andrei Tarkovski before going to Golden Circle) and with beautiful iconostas founded by Catherine the Great. Entrance fee is 100 rubles and I suggest going there with a guide.
Another listed cathedral, St. Demetrius, is much smaller and poorer inside (which is in fact closer to original, as orthodox churches were rather ascetic in XIIth century). The third inscribed building in Vladimir is the Golden Gate, the most significant remaining of the city walls, which gives a view of how they looked several hundred years ago.
Famous Church of the Intercession on the Nerl in Bogolyubovo is easily reachable from Vladimir by direct bus 152 from the city centre. Then I had to walk around 1.5-2km on the meadow without any shadow, which in full July sun and temperature about 35 degrees was not very pleasant. During my visit the track was full of tourists, so it was not even possible to make a good photo of the church in this 'iconic' surrounding. As a result, unlike other reviewers, I did not like that particular church, although I am aware that it was the inspiration of most of newer tserkvas of that region.
nan - August 2016
Suzdal is what I would consider the crowning jewel of the Golden Ring around Moscow. Historically, a prosperous trading town on the way east, the Transsiberean Railroad was built via Vladimir to the South and Suzdal became somewhat of a backwater. As such it has kept much of the historic town center and gives a look into the Russian past.
The town is dotted with wooden Russian buildings and houses a stagering amount of monasteries and churches. Several of these are lined along the local river banks giving an impressive panorama. And of all the murals I saw in Russia, St Euthymius in Suzdal certainly features in the Top 2, the sole other contender being in the Mirozhsky Monastery in Pskov.
I nearly decided to skip on Suzdal for logistical reasons (no train connection, local bus, ...). Thanks to Jarek Pokr for his feedback in the forum that made me go anyway. And I do agree: Suzdal is one of the loveliest places in Russia.
Apart from Suzdal the site also covers monuments in Vladimir and Bogoljubowo. The Church of Perfection on the Nerl (see picture) in Bogoljubowo is probably the most iconic image of the inscribed site. The small white chapel is beautifully embedded into a large wetland plain with a pont stretching around it. It's a great walk and photo opportunity.
Vladimir meanwhile is less impressive, but being the logistical hub for the region you will probably pass through anyhow.
* The opening hours of all the sites are not aligned. Some close Wednesdays, other Tuesdays. In my case I wasn't able to visit a church in Vladimir and the Kremlin in Suzdal. The upside is that you can be sure that some sites will be open when you come to visit.
* This should be included in the Moscow Hotspot. Same applies to Yaroslawl for that matter. I would also recommend a Golden Ring connection.
* Vladimir has a direct express train connection from Moscow (2:50h). You can easily visit the sites on a day trip. Be advised, though, that you need to reserve early as the train is rather popular.
* You can get to both Suzdal (Bus station in face of train station) and Bogoljubowo (Golden Gate - Bus 152) by bus from Vladimir. The bus station in Suzdal is on the outskirts of town. Either take a long walk or one of the local busses. To get to the Church of Perfection in Bogoljubowo you need to cross the rail road tracks. This is only possible at the rail station.
Carlos Franco - February 2011
Vladimir is a medium size city, with some fabulous monuments to see, like the golden gate and city's kremlin, and also some churches and fortresses to see, but Suzdal is way better than Vladimir. Suzdal is a village northwards from Vladimir, but it has got incredible cultural and historical wonders. From all its churches and monasteries to even a wooden-architecture open air museum, and not to forget all the fortresses. It is the only place in the world where I have seen more monuments than houses, and some houses are also incredible, they are decorated in such a very nice way.
Jarek Pokrzywnicki - October 2008
Visited all inscribed sites last year in October (awful weather, cold, raining almost all the day long) but the buildings are amazing. If you want to see the real old Russia Suzdal is the ideal place (small city - around 5-6 th. citizens with some 80-90 medieval churches, 5 walled monasteries and lots of old buildings). Kideksha lies some 10 km from Suzdal. Vladymir is a big city but the inscribed sites are well preserved. In Bogolyubovo (14 km of Vladymir) there are 2 sites: castle that now is a part of later built church and Church of the Intercession on the Nerl - beautifylly situated on meadows.
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Full name: White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal
1992 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 8 locations.
- Cathedral of St. Demetrius Vladimir, Vladimir, Russian Federation
- Cathedral of the Assumption Vladimir, Vladimir, Russian Federation
- Church of Sts Boris and Gleb Suzdal (Kideksha), Vladimir, Russian Federation
- Church of the Intercession on the River Nerl Vladimir, Vladimir, Russian Federation
- Kremlin of Suzdal and Cathedral of the Nativity Suzdal, Vladimir, Russian Federation
- Monastery of Our Savior and St Euthymius Suzdal, Vladimir, Russian Federation
- The Golden Gate Vladimir, Vladimir, Russian Federation
- The Prince Castle in Bogolyubovo (Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin and Staircase Tower of the Palace of Andrei Bogolyubsky) Vladimir (Bogolyubovo Village), Vladimir, Russian Federation
The site has 12 connections. Show all
- Gold Surfaces Vladimir's golden domes of Dormition Cathedral
- Destroyed during invasion Bogolyubovo by Mongols during the 1230's
- Assassinations Prince Andrei Bugolyubsky - "Great Prince Andrei spent 17 years of his reign in Bogolyubovo before he was murdered in 1174." (wiki)
- Golden Horde "In 1262 a rebellion erupted in Suzdal, killing Mongol darughachis and tax-collectors. Only after Alexander Nevsky begged Berke not to punish the Russian people and the Vladimir-Suzdal cities agreed to send large sum of payments, the Golden Horde aborted its punitive expedition."
- Tatars invaded in the 13th Century
- Frescoes / murals by famous painters Cathedral of the Assumption: ?Last Judgment? by Andrei Rublev and Daniil Chernii
Religion and Belief
- Cathedrals Cathedral of the Assumption (1158)
- Built in the 12th century Vladimir, founded in 1108; The Cathedral of the Assumption (1158); style that came to characterize above all else the 12th century architecture of Vladimir (AB ev)
- Located in a Former Capital Russia (1169 - 1327)
- Named after individual people Regarding Vladimir there are 2 views. The "orthodox" one (Wiki) "attributes the founding of the city, and its name, to Vladimir Monomakh, who inherited the region as part of the Rostov-Suzdal principality in the 1093. In 1958, the 850th anniversary of the city foundation was celebrated, with many monuments from the celebrations adorning the city squares." The newer one is that "Scholars reinterpreted certain passages in the Hypatian Codex, which mentions that the region was visited by Vladimir the Great, the "father" of Russian Orthodoxy, in 990" and that the city foundation date was in that year.