Komodo National Park
The Komodo National Park was founded in order to protect the resident giant lizards, the "Komodo dragons". Open grass-woodland savannah covers some 70% of the park.
The last surviving population of the world's largest lizard, which is estimated at around 5,700 individuals, is distributed across the islands of Komodo (2,900), Rinca (900), Gili Motong (fewer than 100) and in certain coastal regions of western and northern Flores.
The park includes the three larger islands Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller ones. The national park was founded in 1980. Later it was dedicated to protecting other species than the dragon as well, including marine species. The islands of the national park are of volcanic origin.
Michael Novins - October 2016
I flew from Jakarta, where I spent the month of November 1997 on business, to Komodo Airport in Labuan Bajo on Flores. I had not made any prior arrangements, but was met at the airport by several fishermen and hired one to take me to Komodo Island, one of the three islands that form Komodo National Park. I stayed at the ranger station at Loh Liang, which has bungalows and a restaurant, and the rangers organized a hike to the Banugulung viewing area, an hour from Loh Liang. There were several komodo dragons at the Banugulung viewing area, but it was also easy to see dragons while walking around the grounds at Loh Liang.
John Booth - June 2013
I travelled to the islands of Komodo and Rinca by boat from the port of Labuanbajo on Flores Island.
Before landing on Komodo I spotted three dragons marching along the beach towards the jetty. This was just the beginning of an interesting day on the island. After a briefing as to the fierceness of the dragons, I was escorted on a hike through the savannah-like landscape. Along the way found juvenile dragons living up trees, and fully grown ones on the ground. Also saw examples of the dragon's prey : deer, water buffalo and pigs.
At Pink Beach on Komodo Island spent some time snokelling and admiring the colourful fish and corals that are part of this WHS.
On Rinca Island it was another hike to see more of the dragons, both juvenile and adult as well as their prey.
It was a revalation to learn how such benign looking creatures can become such lethal killing machines.
Daniel D Sutjianto - December 2008
My visit to Komodo National Park is one of the best experiences that I ever had. It is the only place in the world where we can find the giant lizard Komodo (Varanus Komodoensis) in their habitat. The adult size can be measured until 3 meters ! Actually The Park is also famous for its underwater scenery. Within less than 60 minutes traveling between one dive site to another, we can find different kind of fishes, different kind of panorama. Based in my experience, I do know now that it is very crucial to preserve our nature for our future generation.
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Full name: Komodo National Park
1991 - InscribedReasons for inscription
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- Cloud forest A quasi cloud-forest occurs above 500m on pinnacles (UNEP-WCMC)
- Coral Coral reefs
- Critically endangered fauna species yellow-crested cockatoo
- Crocodiles saltwater crocodile
- Feral Animals 'feral animals form important prey species for the Komodo monitor' (AB evaluation)
- Mangroves patches of tropical rainforest and mangrove (UNEP-WCMC)
- Notable examples of island gigantism Komodo dragon
- Rainforests patches of tropical rainforest and mangrove (UNEP-WCMC)
- Siraneans dugong
- Turtles and tortoises 5 species
- Whales blue whale and sperm whale "are occasionally observed"
- Straits Komodo Faces Selat Sape, Selat Lintah and Selat Molo or Sape Strait
- Neolithic age neolithic graves, artefacts and megaliths
- Early Pleistocene the ancestor of the Komodo dragon most likely evolved in Australia and spread westward, reaching the Indonesian island of Flores by 900,000 years ago. Comparisons between fossils and living Komodo dragons on Flores show that the lizard's body size has remained relatively stable since then
- Dragon Komodo dragon