Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture.
It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today.
The Fort is a complex of defensive works, including walls, bastions, gates, a small mosque and a haveli (private mansion). A village has developed within the walled compound.
A M K - October 2015
Went to Rohtas last Saturday (Sept. 26, 2015), which was the second day of Eid-al-Azha.
A very different experience from the last reviewer, who went on Ashura a couple years ago.
As for the fort itsself, you can find a pictures all over the web, so I'll describe more of the personal experience here.
First off, there were no police or any restrictions. Eid is a happy holiday whereas Ashura is not, and there were throngs of people in good moods. It seems all the young ladies were home cooking (it was the second day of the Thanksgiving-like Eid, after all), and the ratio of men:women was seriously skewed ~ probably 10:1. There were some families with children (including us), but primarily the other visitors on this day were young men in groups of two or three. As a female blonde Caucasian in Western clothes, there were a couple comments in Urdu (ignored) only one request for a selfie (declined) and so no problem in the harassment department given the attitudes of many non-metropolitan Pakistani young men. There were a couple of agressive young (female) beggars (also declined/ignored)that were more annoying.
We happily overpaid (it was Eid, our kids run all over) a guide Rps. 500 ($5) to show us around and explain the Fort for a couple hours. Normally you should pay the guide ~Rps. 100/hr. ($1/hr.), regardless of how many in your group. The freindly and helpful guide had passable English and passable knowledge of the fort.
The biggest disappointment of the trip was the access road from G.T. to the fort. It's 8km long, and a total mess. A Jeep or other off-road vehicle would be ideal. It was deeply rutted, muddy in parts, narrow in parts. It was obviously a construction project started and abandoned mid-way. The piles of rocks/materials are beside the road in some places, in one lane is paved, and there's a two foot drop off to the other lane. Just really bad. The whole slow tortuous way we were bemoaning corrupt Pakistani politicians and how they get money and then only do half the job. But then we got there and saw the USAID sign. How embarassing. "This improved experience, brought to the Pakistani people by the American people..." or something equivalent. If we're going to abandon a project, at least take down the sign. It didn't come from the American people, it was the American government, and it nothing to be proud of.
So, the phyiscal fort itsself? Impressive. Big. Old. Scary - there are few handrails, you can fall off the ramparts, into the dungeon, well, etc. It was designed as a fort, after all, not a child-friendly tourist experience. Anyone contemplating visiting Rohtas will likely know that Pakistan is not a place that puts a priority on safety. Be careful. Check your vertigo at the massive gate. If you stop to see the snake charmer, stand back, those are real king cobras in those baskets, and there's no medical facility that can treat snakebite within a half-hour/hour at least.
But, yeah, it was great. We had a fun afternoon there. It was inexpensive (we paid the local price of 20 Rupees (20 cents) each. Parking was free. The kids could run around and climb the ramparts - Pakistan is very child-friendly in that way. The guide showed where canon were fired from, where the executions took place, how the defending soldiers would pour boiling water down chutes onto the attackers. The place is huge and if you have the stamina you can walk the 5km around the whole place.
The small museum has interesting panels explaining the history in English and Urdu, which about no one was reading. The displays aren't exceptional. Some old money, old swords, knives, shields. A couple mannequins dressed as King and Queen.
Definitely would reccommend you go. Definitely would reccommend that someone fix that road!
Solivagant - December 2013
Based on the number of reviews it has received (this is the 86th!!), Rohtas would appear to be a remarkable place. However, almost all of them are from locals or the Pakistani diaspora, and phrases like “one of the most beautiful places I have ever seen” lead one to wonder about either the judgement or the objectivity of the reviewer! It would have been nice to have made a full visit to the fort to test such statements based on a wider knowledge of WHS around the World. Unfortunately, because of security concerns, the Pakistani Police only allowed us a truncated visit so our assessment must be somewhat limited!
Rohtas is situated a few kms off the modern Grand Trunk Road (though right next to the original one) around 100kms from Rawlapindi/Islamabad and 200kms from Lahore. It is thus well situated for tourism from these major population centres and the nearby city of Jehlum appeared to be something of a boom town for economic development – in Pakistani terms anyway. As we approached it, the large numbers of people and vehicles going our way suggested that something “special” was occurring and even before we reached the gate we had to argue our way past the police. It turned out that an Ashura procession was going to take place in the village within the fort. Shiites mark the day with processions of mourning in which they re-enact the battle of Karbala (in Iraq) in which Hussein, considered by them to be Mohammed’s legitimate successor, was killed. This is a time of heightened religious fervour and indeed we saw pilgrims at Rohtas with bloodied shirts covering their self inflicted flagellation wounds (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day_of_Ashura for more). It also becomes a period of heightened tension between some Shia and some Sunni – later that day, in nearby Rawalpindi, 9 people were killed and others injured in Shia/Sunni riots suggesting that the authorities’ concern wasn’t totally without justification.
So, at the gate itself, the officer in charge said he couldn’t let us in to the village area as security couldn’t be guaranteed – not because we were foreigners but because we might get caught up in something unrelated to us and the authorities were not prepared to take that risk. This was probably an over-reaction but the guy had his job to do so we generally accepted the situation and concentrated on negotiating our way through the gate and onto the ramparts on either side with promises that we wouldn’t go any further into the village! Thus, we were able to climb the double entry gate and walk several hundred metres in each direction. Afterwards we parked away from the fort and walked into the fields to get external views from other sides. In this way we got a pretty good feeling for the nature of the fort’s situation from both inside and out.
So - how special is it? When originally nominated in 1991, Rohtas was referred for a “comparative evaluation of Military Architecture of the region”. The exact reasoning isn’t available – presumably there was concern about the large number of potentially inscribable forts in Pakistan/India. The AB at the time of inscription in 1997 refers to 2 reviews – unfortunately neither seems to be available on the Web. These were enough to convince the AB and WHC that Rohtas did indeed exhibit unique aspects by representing “a new form of fortification, based essentially on the Turkish military architecture developed in reaction to the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, but transformed into a distinct style of its own. It served not as a simple defensive work but also provided shelter and refuge for the surrounding population….. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition).”
It continues - “There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the sub-continent which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. Fatehpur Sikri (India), which is already on the World Heritage List, represents the full Mughal realisation of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort.” Now, Fatehur Sikri (1569) is described as follows in Wiki “a planned walled city ….. (containing) a series of royal palaces, harem, courts, a mosque, private quarters and other utility buildings”. Yes, it was a “fortress” in that it had a surrounding wall but was, in no real way “military architecture”. And its architectural style isn’t particularly relevant - “Akbar planned the complex on Persian principles. But the influences of his adopted land came through in the typically Indian embellishments” and “a synthesis of various regional schools of architectural craftsmanship such as Gujarat and Bengal…Influences from Hindu and Jain architecture are seen hand in hand with Islamic elements.” The 2 complexes are chalk and cheese and their linkage seems more than “strained” - it smacks of trying to “talk up” Rohtas!
Rohtas, constructed in 1541-3 is an example of a “fort” built by the Muslim invaders of N India before the Mughals fully established themselves and developed their own “style” (There are others even earlier – e.g Tukhlukabad dates to 1321 and Daulatabad to 1327). It was constructed during an early downturn in the Mughal fortunes when Hamayun lost control of the empire created around 1526 by his father Babur. He had only ruled for 10 years when he was defeated by one of his subject rulers from Bihar, Sher Shah Suri, in 1540 and it took him until 1555 to regain control with Persian help. In this interim, Rohtas was built by the victor to control local tribes and defend against a possible Mughal return – although, when the time came, it surrendered without a fight. It is important when considering so-called “forts” in S Asia to differentiate the wide range of types of “military architecture” they represent in terms of geographical location, period, style and purpose – the Rajput “Hill Forts of Rajastan” inscription justified its serial approach on this basis (but, with criticism from ICOMOS, failed to use Rohtas as a comparator even though it did use E.g. Kernave in Lithuania!). Taking the “purpose” aspect, although the word “Fort” is used for all of them, one can identify at least 3 categories which could alternatively be named using more precise English words - true “Forts”, “Fortresses” and “Castles”. Thus a “Fort” is a military structure, relatively limited in area, housing a number of soldiers. A “Fortress” on the other hand is a much larger enclosed area, possibly encompassing a town, whilst a “Castle” implies a residence, albeit fortified – either strongly or later even to some extent “for show” and, in reality more of a “palace”.
In these terms Rohtas is very much a “hill fortress”. It is primarily a large defensive wall (c 5kms long) using the hill geography as the basis for defending an enclosed area (c 51ha) within which a force of some 30000 men could be held. There is an inner wall in one corner to create a further “Citadel” but, the only original permanent building appears to have been the mosque built into the wall. The other 2 historic buildings which are present today both post-date the Fort – The Haveli (= Mansion) Man Singh and the Rani Mahal (= Queens Palace). The most important structures within the walls were 3 Baolis (or Tanks/wells) to supply the troops with water. Subsequently, a number of tombs of “Saints”, have also been constructed. Unfortunately we were not able to approach any of these.
I mention these aspects because they are important in understanding why it is that the area within the walls contains a large and rather ugly village – there never were historic buildings there and the interior always was an open living, even farming, area. The village has been categorised as “buffer zone” making the inscribed site a sort of “donut” with a hole in the centre!
A significant aspect of the “walls”, are the 12 gates which penetrate them at regular intervals – these are of interest for their military design, architectural features and decorations. We were only allowed to see the Khwas Khani gate which is the entrance to the fort from the GT road. It is a double gate and demonstrates some decorative aspects such as carved sunflowers – but not unfortunately the tiles. Essentially however this was primarily a working fort and decorations were relatively minor. More noteworthy were the defensive/offensive aspects of the design with crenellations and holes for pouring hot liquids onto attackers! I understand hat the Sohail gate on the far side has had a Tourist Info centre and museum installed in it. Rohtas has been the beneficiary of money from Norway and the US Ambassador’s fund channelled through an organisation surprisingly titled “Himalayan Wildlife Foundation” - see http://hwf.org.pk/portfolio/rohtas-fort-conservation-programme/
So, it was a shame that we were unable fully to explore the fort and extract full value from our visit, but the experience of being shut out had its own interest, and, from what we saw in the distance during our walk along the walls, and from what I have since read, I don’t feel that we missed out too much on what the site had to offer. As to its value relative to other forts in the region – well, even if the AB evaluation (and some of the reviews on this site!) has gone a bit OTT, it is quite impressive. I personally found Kot Diji and Derawar (neither on the T List) more so but the T List site of Rani Kot less so. The former 2 were both 18th Century structures and it may be true that none of them display the military history significance of Rohtas. In any case the site should not be missed if you are in the area.
Nawneet Kumar - September 2013
I belongs to Rohtas District of Bihar. I visited Rohtas fort. It was awesome. I also visited tomb of Sher Shah Suri in SASARAM. Both of them given me great pleasure to my mind. If you are willing to visit Rotas fort, while crossing GT road near SASARAM you can go to see this great fort and great architecture
Zafar Iqbal MBA PGCE DASE - April 2013
I am from Rohtas itself. We are very fortunate to have such a unique historical place as part of our Muslim heritage. Its architecture, planning, and shear size is amazing. One cannot comprehend how some 600 years ago when there was not any modern machinery in use, how Sher Shah's architects used their skills to build such a large fort on the edge of sharp hills with their high, thick walls. How did they carve out the Bawli, build the Sohail Gate, Shishi Gate and others? I encourage all readers to visit the place and appreciate its grandeur. I assure you will fall in love with the place.
Despite its positives, it has some negatives. Can we make a similar fort in today's age and at what cost? Obviously no.
This begs the question, what has the government done to preserve this National Heritage? It's no use repairing and patching up small pieces of the Fort with the help of NGO's instead of putting its own resources in use. What about repairing it in totality and maintaining it? The government with the assistance of UNESCO, international donors, should repair it and encourage tourism to the site. it should build and provide facilities for visitors including public conveniences, a rest house, parks, cafes, a good and reasonably priced restaurant, tourist information office and reading room?
Yasir Farooq - March 2012
My name is Yasir. I am working as trainer in Pakistan Telecom Company Limited (PTCL) in Islamabad. I have been visiting Jehlum for giving training to the PTCL workers (13 days) with my friend Farrukh Bashir.We visited Rohtas Fort today (28 march 20120. I rapidly fell in love by seeing it outside. It is an amazing place to visit; a glory of our past. The most amazing thing of the fort is its choice of place (who constructed the fort). It could be made on Tarakki Mountains for its high elevation. But considering the southern high dark stony edge (for defensive/safety) and Western River (for drinking, living water for man + animals) make sense. We were wondered how this fort would be build in this uneven and rocky surface. This place is watch worthy.
Pakistan Lover - July 2010
I visited this glorious place many times. The last time I visited was arround 2002. This FORT is not only stone and mortor but the Glory of old days when muslims marked their way on world map. When I compare the history of the age when it was built and now, I feel like crying. Sooooo different. This FORT should be restored for the reason that its National Heritage but in my openion it should be restored to show this to our future generations that this is what our history is.Muslims have been the ruler of the world giving our coming generations confidance and courage to come up again to reveal the power of Islam. This 500 hundred year old FORT is message and a big question mark for our government. Why our bridges and buildings do not survive even for decades.
muhammad tariq - May 2010
i visited rohtas fort on 20-05-10.it's very beautiful fort which reflects Muslim's deep interest in art& designing. but unfortunately our government is doing nothing for it's rehabilitation.
shazli bin nadeem ashraf - May 2010
Well by seeing alot of comments on rohtas fort what can i say more about that it is simply a great place in myne hometown dina and i also really pleased to see alot of names of the people in comments history which i know personally i visited this fort last month somehow 16 aprail 2010 last time when myne university friend would visited myne city so i take him to there we all enjoyed that alot and i go there alot of times from childhood till now and i enjoyed very much all the time lastly..
Its really nice to know about you people some how a bit introduction of me so that if someone cnt knw would get me catch up..
I lived in hadalli dina approximately 1o km from fort by road and belongs to a well renowed family of Gujjars of jhelum CH muhammad Ashraf (late)tehsil naib nazim dina,chairman municipal commitee dina,president anjuman-e-behboodae mareezae etc..
I fell proud to know you all if you have any queries tell me up..
Maria Talha - January 2010
I have personally visit to Rohtas Fort for two time and every time i wished i want to visit it again and again. it is really a unforgetable place. beutiful i have no words to discribe it
ambreen - March 2009
I could not express my words about the glory of that ancient fort.it shows us the glory of great Muslim rulers in past.
it was our university trip and our plan was to visit Mangla power station.1st of all we visited Power station. then we move toward mangla lake for lunch, when we reached there mangla lake was closed because of its cleanliness issues. One of our teacher said that we must take our students to other visit worth place, and luckily, the nearest place was QILA ROHTAS(ROHTAS FORT). We were much disappointed that we couldn't visit mangla lake, but Allah knows what is best. Oh is that Rohtas fort I couldn't believe that it is situated in my country. Putting my hands on my mouth, I was shouting.i took some pictures of that great fort and wrote some hitory of rhtas fort in my diary i alway keep it with me. A great Fort accomplished by a great and glorious Muslin King SHER shah suri. If ever you pass through GT road you must visit that place.
IMRAN ASHRAF MALIK - August 2008
I visited this fort first time, i was very much amused to see this because it is a wonderfull building. To see this bueatiful fort it can be imagine that how much efforts were made to built this huge FORT.
It is really an ASSEST for the country.
One thing which was found very special for me that is a DEEP WELL in the fort which can be seen at bottom by 139 steps downward n it gives an idea that how much effort were put to dig that WELL. If you visit there then please dont run on the steps while comming up.
mohsin - June 2008
We have just visited rohtas fort, place to be visited only after reading detail history only then one can enjoy. It has to be maintained a lot only then tourists will come now a days few visitors just come.
MALIK MUNAWAR HUSSAIN (ROHTASI) - June 2008
slaam 2 all readers. i born in thi scity about which you r reading.it is really an amazing place to see.speacilly it attrects thos peoples who are intrested in world history, islamic or mughals history.resently in 2008,govt and many NGO's are working wel forthe beterment of this world harritage.i requist all thos who vist this fort for not to distory or demage this fort.bcoz our hero made this with vvv keen intrurst.
maria - May 2008
our college took one day tour from mirpur to rohtas fort. first time i go there it was amazing i liked it very much rohtas fort magnificient place and suggest allof u visit there it is amzing place for gain information and picnic
Tayyba Shoukat - May 2008
Hey there my name is Tayyba ans I am from U.S. I went to Pakistan on october 2007 for a five month visit. While I was over there, my uncle one day made a plan to take the entire family out for some family quality time. All he told us was that he will show us a historical building. I wasnt very excited to go because I had no idea what I will expect to see. So the next day we got ready, to go, I, still hesitant to go, go anyway. I took my camera and a pocket size sketckbook, that I take with me wherever I go. So when we got there, first of all I was extemely beyond exccited. My mouth was unintentially wide open untill my sister reminded me. The whole time I was thinking OH YES THIS IS TOTTALY WORTH IT an I coludnt wait to go inside and see more. Since I love ancient ruins and Qilas. As soon as we went inside, I qickly took out my camera and started taking pictures. But then unfortunately my batteries died. That was diappointing. So time came for plan B, I took out my sketchbook and sat on the higest part of the Qila and started sketching. It was so magical. The weather was perfect, wind was blowing, the sun was setting, and absolutely breathtaking view.
I was wishng to stay there longer. Since it was getting dark we had to leave. But every moment of my visit to the Qila Rohtas was wort it. Personally 1 day is not enough to see such beautiful Qila. But I captured enough memories that are going to stay with me forever. But one thing Qila needs to be taken care of so the future generation of Pakistan and the world can see What Pakistan has to offer. Love Pakistan Forever. God Bless
A wonder historical place. It needs to high light the location of Rohtas forte. I would request to the Government of Pakistan / Punjab to give some attention for the rehabilitation of this fort. There is only one entrance/ exit point which becomes an inconvenience during the peak hrs like Eid or other holdays. A few suggestions regarding rehabiliation are as under:-
1) Entrance and Exit points should be seperate.
2) A proper security arrangements in the fort and event on the link road from G.T. Road to Fort should be made.
3) A special grant for rehabilitation of Fort may be approved by the Federal Government to rehabilitate /renovate the fort in the comming budget.
4) Annual budget may be fixed to manage the running expenses.
5) A good restaurant may be opened / operated by PTDC inside the fort.
6) A motel should be built inside the fort where the local or foreign tourist can be accomodated against payment.
After meeting the above mentioned suggestions we can increase the income of Fort. But I dont know who will look and think about my suggestions.
Najam Zahoor - October 2006
I feel pleasuse to tell all of u that I live in a vilage which is locaten down fom the kila Rohatas it is a beautifyl qila I invite u to visit this fort & I pomiss u that u will not be displese with this fort any thing u want to know bout this fort u can question me on my emale adress Inshallah I will answer u.Because I Know better tHAN OTHER PEOPLE because I live there BY
Kanwar Mandeep Singh Lamba - August 2006
I was overwhelmed by the sight of the fort. Im a 28 year old sikh, and my ancestor Gen. Gurmukh Singh Lamma, a general in Maharaja Ranjeet Singh's army, conquered the fort, sometime in the 19th century, only to lose it to the dogras and again regained the control of the fort after Maharaja willed it to him. ( Punjab Cheif's, authored by British historian Sir Lepel H. Griffin) I have never been to Pakistan but its my ardent , burning desire to see the land of my ancestors particularly the Rohtas fort. Owing to the political hostility between India and Pakistan, I had some difficulty accessing the forts online. Insha Allah,,I'll pay homage to the land of my forefathers personally.
sharjeel arshad - August 2006
hi my name is sharjeel arshad and i am the son of fort rohtas my dad side family is from rohtas and i always visited there. it is a beautiful place and lovely place to live. the people are nice and the places itself has so much attraction. the taste of the food is so good that i can't even explain. the street, little houses, schools and the fort.
Ahsan Rashid - June 2006
I am delighted to see so many friends from Rohtas. My story is not an exception. I also belong to Rohtas, though I have never lived in. My father was born there and completed his education from Rohtas.
Since childhood my father took us to Rohtas and showed his old school, madrissah and living place. Its a very special place for me. Now I am abroad but the most I miss here is Rohtas fort's pleasant & fresh breese. One certainly feels his soul been taken to some other era of peace where the time has its own pace.
I would like to focus everyones attention to the environmental issue which created due to the large number of visitors. Now you can see shopping bags, pet bottles and other wastes everywhere. The visitors and the management authorities must take responsibility to keep the nature clean.
Sham Shah Suri - May 2006
I have been to rohtas several times and every time I went I deiscovered something new. Its the best place to visit in Pakistan and trust me I've been almost everywhere. Not just the fort, the history behind it is phenomenol. Unbelievable achievements by great Sher Shah Suri. I've read many books on rohtas and every book tells you something new. Fantastic place to visit specially in summer. Enjoy!!!!!!
Imran Zafeer - April 2006
Well what to say about the Rohtas Fort...simply enigmatic. I had just came from the fort after an official tour for a photo shoot. The place was just amazing and had an air about it. Though its current shape really made me think if we can't save our past Lord help our future. The Baoli was one of those architectures that really capture you by your soul. The landscape is just breath taking. I would love to contribute in anyway possible if we are restoring it.
nausheen yusuf - April 2006
Since my childhood i had loved the Rohtas Fort and always longed to visit it.i collected many things about it and knew each and every part of the fort. when i became a school teacher i was to take the students for a trip. i decided to take them to Rohtas Fort. i felt as if i had traveled in the glorious past the moment the bus entered the beautiful fort. the stairs and rooms made me wish that had i been there and drank water from the baoli. but its deteriorating condition saddenede me. but when i heard that it is being renovated i was delighted. i wish that it is preserved properly and people start loving going there for visit. i wish i can go there again.
Mumtaz Fazal ur Rehman - March 2006
I belong to Rohtas. My family is well popular in Rohtas. My Grand Father Malik Najeeb u Ullaha was the very popular persanailty in Rohtas he do so much social work there, such as education, wate supply, electricity, and bridge.The Rohtas Forte is the great historical place in the world but I want to say that it is the one of grand place in the world such as Ehram e Misar. I invite all the world to visit the such a great city. Because (JIS NEY ROHTAS NAHEE DEKHA OH JAMEA NEY) thanks
Sajjad Hussain - March 2006
It is such a magnificent piece of history and architecture some 500 years before. It is astonishing to see such a beautiful place encircled by a stream (approx 2 KM wide) and high n difficult mountains.
Purpose of Fort is very evident that is Military built by Sher Shah Suri a Afghan who is also the maker of GT Road from Kabul to Dehli.
It has very easy access while you on travel in Pakistan on GT Road passing through Jhelum.
A MUST SEE IF YOU CAN.
junaid - February 2006
Hello my name is junaid.i m from punjab.Last year such thing happen that i went to my industrial tour to different cities.Thus we all friends planned to view Rohtas fort.Amazing,that was a fort that really i cannot describe
there you can see your life through your own way.i was very inspired to see all great walls,and also wells.that was alsointesting.such a nice place that i had been seen in my life.every one should go and visited that fort.words cannot describe.i have some pictures of that fort.if anyone wants Inshallah i will try my best to send them.allah hafiz
Annuska - October 2005
It was in the early 1990's when I went to Rohtas Fort. I found it an enriching experience and it is this place that triggered my passion to study ancient cultures. Rohtas Fort is a huge architecture wonder with secret open windows that look out onto a water way. I was very fond of the curved windows, and the way the wild grass flows together with the brick constructions. I would indeed recommend that you see this Fort. And I am very glad that UNESCO has acknowledged the importance of this site.
raja imran siddique - October 2005
i loved the fort of rothas its. my mother land and my fore fathers lived in it. its my village i love it too much
RAJA IMRAN SIDDIQUE - October 2005
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH
ASSALAM O ALAKIUM.
HOW R U ALL.FIRST I INTRODUCE MY SELF,RAJA IMRAN SIDDIQUE IS MY NAME AND I BELONGS TO ROHTAS FORT.WE R LIVE IN FORT FROM THE FORE FATHERS AND WHEN EVER U VISIT THE ROHTAS U WILL THE BEAUTIFUL GATE NAME IS SOHAIL GATE AND NEAR MY HOME ALSO AND ALL THE HOMEs IS MY RELATIVE AND SPECIALLY THANKS TO MY GRAND FATHER RAJA ASHIQ HUSSAIN UNCLE.. BRIG(R)RAJA MOHAMMAD AFZAL. AND RAJA S0HAIL ASHIQ HE WORK TOO HARD FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF THE FORT.. I DID THE BUSINESS IN KARACHI WITH THE NAME OF MR.CHICKEN.... AND MY SUGGETION TO ALL OF U.. IF U HAVE TIME SHOULD VISIT THE PLACE WHICH CALLED BAMBORE... OLD NAME IS DEBAL.. WHERE MOHAMMAD BIN QASIM ATTACKEDIN 712A.D.. ITS NEAR TOO KARACHI ... MY CELL NO. IS 03003738397 ... HOPE FOR BEST WISHES .. ROHTAS IS MY HOMELAND BUT WE R PROUD ON IT.. THANKS
Muhammad Kaleem - September 2005
I've visited this place ist time and i was amazed to see its beauty.................wonderful place to see ..again n again.
It has been exactly 20yrs since I last saw Rohtas Fort. I was very young at the time and was completley amazed when I saw this historic sight. It was a lovely sunny day. I was staying with my mothers sister at the time in a near by village, and my cousins took me to see the fort. They were very well informed and were able to explain the history behind the fort to me. Some of the fort did seem somewhat spooky, with out a doubt it actually takes you back in to history. I would suggest that anyone who goes to Pakistan must visit this historic sight. Choose a day when the skys are clear, take with you plenty of water and wear some sensible shoes as there is a lot of walking, and also take a bottle of sun block if needed. You will enjoy and will want to go back, just like I do.
Muhammad Irfan Siddiqui
I Visit Rohtas Fort in 1995 by the Govt EXCHANGE YOUTH PROGRAM, I have never seen such a historical place in my life, Ten year have been completed but still the memories in my mind like a newly born petal.
writing about rohtas is marvelous what a grand thing it is .when ever a person put hi steps in the fort his mind takes him back to the time of sher shah suri. who would be people living in this wilderness wat would they may cherish at time wat would be their entertaiment how this fort of 4km in perimeter would be guarded it was worth while to visit the site. The haveli of man singh is also splended to visit do visit if u peoples have taste of class
i visited to Qila Rohtas in 1989. i found it a great historical and a peaceful place. i have been in inter college jehlum and i have a lot of memories of jehlum
rohtas is one of the most facinating n totally amazing peace of archtec, i visited it jan 2005, being a gujjar this castle is very much a part of our history, since it played a leading role in especially gujjar peoples lives n their journey into the gujrat region. Moerover being at the kilah rohtas on ca'nt stop his mind from imagining how would it been like when it was inhabited, trulley amazing..
for those who havent seen it i would ecourage u to to visit and enjoy it its a life time apportunity....
i live in village khukha which is about 5 kms west to rohtas,i visited this fort many times,and believe me it realy reflects the glory of muslim architecture not only its beutiful but it is as safe as anything military wise as well,it was about to become a ruined but then Archeoligical Departmet felt for it and now they are repairing it,but all in all it fascinates tourists,the only request to make too al the tourists is not to write names on the wall,when u get in there you could feel inside you and can immagine how this fort was like when Sher Shah ruled INDIA,the old paths are still there,the bareks for the army,the mosque,and its huge gates are still worth look.
RAZA UR REHMAN QAMAR
I Live in a village "Said Hussain" very close to Rohtas fort. For me this fort is the most trust worthy friend. I am visiting this fort since my childhood. If anyone wants to see the most beautiful sun set on earth, just have a visit to Rohtas fort in the evening. Sit at the top of "Shair Pinjra". In front of you will be the "Ghan" and the settling sun.
I have seen the time when there were decorative strids in "Rani's Mehal". The western side was not as much destructed as it is now. In Recent years Govt.has started a programme to preserve the Rohtas fort. But its too late. This exercise should have been planned decades before. Presently aome tream of experts is trying to re-develop the destroyed parts. I Must say that their efforts are appriciable. They are trying to keep the original building structure.
The western portion which is very beautiful and is getting rapidly demaged needs an immediate attention.
Road and the bridge now invite lots of people to visit Rohtas fort. I suggest that funds generated from visitors fees must be honestly spent on rehabilitation of the fort.
There are beautiful landscape views when you are going to Rohtas by Road. Just have a stay over the top of Village "Rehana" and the senic beauty arround will capture you.
If some one like to have an adventureous vist then prefer to go by the Offroad track.You will be travelling through the "Nala Teen Pura" also known as "Kass". This track is suitable for Jeeps or Good Motor Bikes. Donot take risk to get on this track with small cars.
One thing which is always painful for me is that people visiting the fort recklessly spread arround the empty containers and packages. Specially the "Ba.wali" is almost filled up with this mess.
If anyone can dare to stay a little more late after eve,in the Rohtas fort in a full moon night,I gurrantee,he or she will be feeling like in love with the Rohtas fort.(Like i am).Its a safe place to stay a little late even.Now you will find Gaurds there as well.Besides the people at Rohtas are also very peaceful.
If you want to really enjoy your visit to the fort, plan a full day tour. This is a fort with hidden beauties. I have found a new look in it every time I visited.
Donot forget to to see the western portion. Besides the "Shahi Mosque" stairs lead to downwards. There you will find an excellent piece of romantic architectural art. You will find the Well (Dry Now) with windows opening inside the walls of Well. Most of it is though filled up with sand and soil but still, still its amazing.
Offer the prayer in Shahi Mosque and feel the dignity and peace in your heart for getting part of a history which is hundreds of years old.
Avoid to have visit in hot summer months specially May, June and July. Its built on a hilly area and and people get exhausted soon in summers. Keep in mind to wear some hiking shoes and easy dress because in Rohtas its plane stupidity to have a visit with drees/office shoes.
When you are in the fort, Let you mond free to feel its beauty.
Best wishes for your visit.
CH. Mohammed Taj BA (London) Dhokri/Lungarpur Jhelum
i visited the great Rohtas Fort in july 2004 and found it to be an awesome awe-inspiring place. The breathtaking views of red sunset over the kahan is a view one can charish for life.
The fort is a prelude to the builders and architects of the time it was built. An individual can read and hear as much he/she about the great Rohtas fort. However it is only when one actually visits the fort that the magnitude and splandor of the place is felt, and it is such a great feeling.
A must for all Jhelumee families on a visit to Pakistan to take their children to the Great Rotas Fort and introduce them to the rich and sometime forgotten and under valued Pakistan heritage.
i went to rhota's fort in january 2004, it was the most amazing place i have ever been to, the magnitude of the fort was second to none. i was speechles by the beuty and history of the fort. when i return to pakistan i will definatley be going back to visit it again.it was a experiance i will never foget.
All I would say about the fort is that one has to go there in order to have the feel of the great king who built it.After visiting the fort only once , I realized that I need to go there again because I feel that there is still a lot that wanted me to know it better.Try being alone there.I assure you that the fort takes you back in the time when it was being built.
Mirza waseem iqbal
aoa dear viewers
i m mirza waseem iqbal i live in a village Motagharbi 4-5km away from rohtas.i visited many time the fort.it is very amazing place. u can spend the whole day there but still u will have more thrust for it.
try to visit this place as soon as possible.
entry fee is very nominal.dont worry about it. road is in very good condition.
I live a small village called Watalian in jhelum RothasFort is on 2-3kilometers from our village many times i visited Rothas but every time i feel a new kind of happiness which is difficult to explain it vast area with lush greenery give me a new kind of life espacially Rothas "Amrasa" a special kind of a recipy is very delicius Rothas is full of turists in Muharam every people of this village where he is living come to rothas in muharam.
i am nauman mehmood.i lives in rohtas fort.its aplace worth seeing.it was build by sher shah soori who defeated hamyuoon in 1540.it is said it was built in 3 years having the circumfrence of 4km.it has 12 entrance gate.although the people who made this glorious fort has gone past but it is the symbol of their dignity
anybody who wanted to visit the for dont hasitate to call me at +92541682550 for more information and as a guide.it would be my great pleasure to make u visit the bests of rohtas fort and the areas nearby.
Its a great fort. One Ashrafi (dinar) of gold was paid for each stone by contractor of Sher Shah Suri. If any one has any pictures, please send to firstname.lastname@example.org as attachment in JPG
Check out: http://canimg.freehosting.net for some infoirmation on Rohtas fort.
CH. MOHAMMED YAQOOB, B.Sc (Hons.), FCA, FPC
I am from Village Khukha, which is a couple of miles north Of Rohtas. On a clear day I can see the ramparts from my house and the site is stupendous. I highly recommend you to come and see it for your self. In my view no other fort in the world comes near to the shear size and scale of this place. The Govt. of Pakistan, with international assistance, should make greater efforts to preserve the site and encourage visitors, especially from abroad.
A place of worth seeing in Pakistan built by Fareed Khan Sher shah suri is of great admire i visited it in this month of April 2004 with my 17 other companians its a great heritage of Pakistan plz preserv it so that foreigner come here for visit .
Akbar Aziz Burki
I am a student of Muhammad Ali Jinnah University.I visited Rohtas as a part of my project with my class(MBA).Its a place worth visiting, the style of architecture, planning, giant walls, well, tombs,etc., are very interesting. We can't imagine that such a big construction can be done manually and in such a short time (8 years). We also saw work under process and there we got some idea, it was amazing, the skills of the locals are beyond imagination. We spent a whole day visiting the fort still we could not see only 60% of it, still we enjoyed alot. It was a memorable day. What we heard about Sher Shah Suri, was proved. We have been useing the GT Road(Grand Trunk Road) also built by him but we saw his taste of construction, it was great. I recomend that if you visit Pakistan try to visit Rohtas and Lahore fort I can asure you will enjoy a lot.
Thanks. Take care.
Recently I swa the the rohtas fort 0h... Great Rohtas Fort. there is no boundres of my surprise. because it's look is so great, that you can feel the greatness of sher sha suri.
its amaizing. I saw many forts before in south asia but I found rohtas difrent from all. Pakistan Zindabad.
Last year i married my wife and her parents came from Jehlum and I went for visit her family there ,we where with the both family there and I saw Rothas Kila , My God I never saw such a amzaing Fort, me self I am an Mughal and am surpriced how I that time when there not machines people make these kind of buildings, just GREAT. Pakistan Zindabad.
If u like some pictures just ask me and I will try my best to send u, add your email or adress, thanks.
If u have any commant u can mail on:
Well.. i live in Jhelum, got Jhelums First comprehensive website. well mostly people aware of it. I went Rohtas To take pictures. Its really a cool place. well i have to tell that there is another place called KITAS well it was in Jhelum Region but now in Chakwal Distt. ITs also very Fantastic place. and is old then the AC years. means more then 2004 years. the starting of Hinduism etc. Great temples etc.
Hope you people will explore it. if anything needed you people can contact me at my email.
SHahzad Khan (Jhelum)
Hello, i live in ROHTAS i live in the first mantion in front of 1 of the 12 gates of the KILA. i really like rohtas because my perants were born there and i was born in spain,anyway if u want to go to rohtas u should go through the new ROHTAS BRIDGE . WHO EVER IS READING THIS I AM TELLING U THAT U SHOULD GO AND VISIT IT .if u got to ask me any thing about ROHTAS FORT then u r most welcome : email@example.com
sadia naumaan qazi
i atlast got a chance to visit the majestic fort of rohtas. i had been living in jhelum for about 9 yrs but hadn't gone to rohtas. i can't explain the feel i got there. the gigantic architecture tells the glory and dignity of its past. i was just lost in the beauty of the fort and touch each and every carving and wall with my hand and in me deepend my love for archaelogy. i welcome you to my homeland and ask you to see it if you really wanna see something...:-)
i am living in jhelum right now.for several years i planned to go to rohtas fort but due to the bad conditions of the rohtas for i was unable to carry on to my exp3edition. but in my life time i managed to go to that gigantic and mysterious citadel and was speelbound to see the magnificient sight of the landscape and resting on that was the rohtas fort with all of its pride and arrogance. time may lead me to nowhere but i m lucky that in my lifetime i happened to restore this sight in my memory. i request all the people out there to visit rohtas fort,jhelum in punjab pakistan if they really wanna see some thing bewitching in archaeology
I took a a one day tour from Islamabad for the Mangla area. The first stop was the Rohtas Fort. The road to Rohtas is excellent, and the a new bridge had been built. The site is awesome. Every quater there is a sound and light show, that gives the history of Sher Shah Suri. A must see when taking the Manla tour.
The Mangla Fort is another good sight. Captured from the Indians at partition, one is amazed how this could be done considering the fortication. The view and the scene of the the sorrounding area is breathtaking.
Water sport is provided. This consists of: use of the facilities,a boat ride, fishing ( licence and tackle provided), use of the one man and two man kayaks,and sailing. All this for a cost of Rs 500 approax. -- 10 US dollars. On payment para sailing,water skiing and speed boat rides are available for a minor cost.
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Full name: Rohtas Fort
1997 - InscribedReasons for inscription
1992 - DeferredAwait comparative study into Military Architecture of region
1991 - ReferredBureau - pending better protection and comparative examination of properties of this type in the geo-cultural area concerned.
The site has 14 connections. Show all
- Baths The Shahi Baoli has small chambers that were used as baths by the Royal family.
- Glazed tiles The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of glazed tiles that became popular with the Mughals.
- Stepwells Has 3 step wells - "Bari (Main) Bowali: It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. This Baoli has 148 steps (now 134 left due to filling of mud). Each step is 20 cm (8 inches) wide. The upper portion has been cut in stone. It has three arches that span the length of the baoli."
- Places of Execution "Immediately to west of the Haveli stands the execution Burj(tower), primarily dealing with rebellious princea nd other royal traitors. The execution tower has a raised platform with a hole at its center through which the unfortunate victims were thrown. The execution used to be done in the presence of the ruler living in the White Palace."
Religion and Belief
- Mosque Shahi Mosque
- Sikhism The Sikh "Temple of Baba Nanak" is inside the inscribed area albeit just outside the Fort (see the AB Evaluation map top left). Sikh belief is that Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539), the founder of Sikhism, visited the location of Rohtas Fort before it was built in 1541 during the third of his major journeys to spread the teachings of what was then the beginning of Sikhism. The Guru is believed to have spent 40 days atop nearby Tilla Jogian Hill before passing by Rohtas 24kms away. The Temple was built around 1834 when the area was part of Ranjits Singh's Sikh Empire.
- Built in the 16th century "Qila Rohtas (Rohtas Fort) was built in 1541-43 .... after the Mughal Emperor Humayun was expelled after his defeat at Chausa by Sher Khan"
- Named after individual people The fort was named by Sher Shah after the famous Rohtas Garh fort in Shahabad District near Baharkunda in Bihar (India), which he captured from the Raja of Rohtas Hari Krishna Rai in 1539. Rohtas Garh is situated on the upper course of the river Son. It was built by Harish Chandra of the Solar dynasty (see link) and was named after his son Rohitsava after whom the fort Rohtas Garh was named
WHS on Other Lists
- U.S. Ambassadors Fund Preservation of the Man Singh Haveli Site at the 16th-Century Rohtas Fort (2003)
World Heritage Process
- Inscribed at third attempt or more Ref 1991, Def 1992, Ins 1997
- Need for a Comparative Study Military Architecture of region - two comparative studies have been carried out: Military architecture in the geo-cultural region Central and South Asia: a comparative study by Niels Gutschow, lhsan Nadiem. Abdul Rehman, and Zeki Siinmez (January 1997) and Fort de Rohtas, Pakistan: Etude comparative by Pierre Bnm (April 1997).
- Single Monuments
- WHS with enclave The village of Rohtas