Air and Téneré
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves includes the volcanic massif of the Aïr Mountains, a Sahelian island isolated in climate, flora and fauna in the surrounding Saharan desert of Ténéré.
It contains an outstanding variety of landscapes, plant species and wild animals. One-sixth of the reserve is a sanctuary for addax, a critically endangered species of antilope.
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Full name: Air and Téneré Natural Reserves
1992 - In Dangerregion in which this site is situated has been affected by civil disturbance
1991 - InscribedReasons for inscription
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- Animal Migrations The massif of the Aïr also constitutes a transit zone for a large number of afrotropical and palaearctic migratory birds. (unesco website)
- Critically endangered fauna species dama gazelle, Saharan cheetah
- Dunes The "live dunes" of the Ténéré are an example of erosion under way the landscape is rapidly modified on a geological time scale by the displacement and deposition of sand (AB ev)
- Ratites common ostrich
- Strict Nature Reserve Sanctuaire des Addax
- Neolithic age Palaeolithic and Neolithic archaeological sites are found at many locations in the reserve, as are rock engraving sites. (unesco website)
- Songhai Empire Became the furthest northern outpost of the Songhai Empire in the early 16th century - until recaptured by the Tuareg later in the century
- Natural sites with indigenous human population The 3,500-7,000 Twareg inhabitants for the most part maintain a lifestyle of transhumant pastoralism, raising goats and camels (unesco website)
- Proterozoic La zone du socle précambrien de l'Aïr est composée de dépôts de roches sédimentaires plissées et métamorphisées (gneiss, schistes) et de roches volcaniques datant du Protérozoïque inférieur. (wiki fr)
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process
- Slow Starters 1974-1991 : 17 years