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Røros

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Røros Mining Town developed in the 17th century and still holds many authentic wooden buildings.

The town was burned to the ground in 1678 and 1679 by the Swedish Army during the Scanian War. The new houses were constructed to facilitate the inhabitants dual occupancies mining and farming. The nearby copper mines were exploited until 1977.

Map

Community Reviews


André Hope - October 2016

Røros in October 2016, shot with a drone (see link).

Røros Mining Town and the Circumference is linked to the copper mines, established in the 17th century and exploited for 333 years until 1977. The site comprises the Town and its industrial-rural cultural landscapes; Femundshytta, a smelter with its associated area; and the Winter Transport Route. Completely rebuilt after its destruction by Swedish troops in 1679, Røros contains about 2000 wooden one- and two-storey houses and a smelting house. Many of these buildings have preserved their blackened wooden façades, giving the town a medieval appearance. Surrounded by a buffer zone, coincident with the area of privileges (the Circumference) granted to the mining enterprise by the Danish-Norwegian Crown (1646), the property illustrates the establishment and flourishing of a lasting culture based on copper mining in a remote region with a harsh climate.

Read more from André Hope here.


John Booth - May 2010

I visited Roros on a day trip by train from Trondheim. The train journey involved a steep climb, with a substantial drop in temperature, even in August.

The town was compact enough to visit all the significant features like the smelting area, slag heaps and workers' cottages on foot, interspersed with visits to the several hot soup kitchens available.

The construction of the houses was of great interest to me, with the walls made from rough hewn logs with interlocking joints at the corners and grass growing in a layer of topsoil on top of the shingle roofs.


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Site Info

Full name: Røros Mining Town and the Circumference

Site History

  • 2010 - Extended

    To include the Circumference (the area of privileges awarded by the Danish-Norwegian King to Røros Copper Works in 1646): Femundshytta and The Winter Transport Route.
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  • 2006 - Name change

    From "Røros" to "Røros Mining Town"
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  • 1980 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
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  • 1979 - Deferred

    Bureau - More info required
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Locations

The site has 2 locations.

  • Femundshytta
  • Town and Cultural Landscapes including the present World Heritage Site + Winter Transport Route

Connections

The site has 6 connections.

Architecture

Damaged

Human Activity

Timeline

World Heritage Process

  • Name changes Mining town added 2006
  • Relict Cultural Landscapes AB eval "Femundshytta is a largely relict landscape which includes the industrial cultural landscape with the remains of a smelter, water management systems, and the community that grew up around them"