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Hattusha

Hattusha is the old capital of the Hittites, a people that lived during the period of the Egyptian pharaohs.

Its heydays were from 1375 to 1200 BC. The WHC named as reasons for the inscription: its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art of Yazilikaya.

The Hittites built their capital on a site that could be well defended. It was surrounded by a wall, to fortify it even more. The wall was decorated with two gates, the Kings Gate in the southeast and the Lions Gate in the southwest.

Map

Visit July 1992

Hattusha only is an interesting place to visit when you know its history. The remains are really old, so not much is left. Also, the heat on this plain can be burning.

For more interesting examples of Hittite culture, visit the Anatolian Museum in Ankara.

Community Reviews


Peter Day - September 2008

Visited in August 2008. The Hittite building style was stone foundation topped with mid-brick walls - in 2500 years the mud-bricks have disappeared so you need a good guide book and a good imagination. But the sheer scale of the site is incredible - you can't walk round it, you drive. Make sure you visit the other Hittite sites nearby with some beautiful stone reliefs


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Site Info

Full name: Hattusha: the Hittite Capital

Site History

  • 2006 - Name change

    From "Hattusha" to "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital"
  •  
  • 1986 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
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Locations

The site has 4 locations.

  • Hattousa [and Ibik
  • Kayali Bogaz (outpost) Turkey
  • Osmankayasi (rock necropolis) Turkey
  • Yazilikaya (rupestral sanctuary) Turkey

Connections

The site has 15 connections.

Constructions

History

  • Ancient Anatolian cultures Hatti and Hittite cultures
  • Archaeological 'Type Sites' Hittite civilization: Boğazköy, the site of the Hittite capital of Hattusa, is naturally the type site for this cultural period (The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia: (10,000-323 BCE) - Page 80)
  • Bronze Age Collapse 
  • Hittites Capital of the Hittite empire. The decipherment of the Hittite language by Bedrich Hrozny in the early 20th C enabled the Boghazkoy tablets discovered at Hattushas to be read and the Hittite version of events at Kadesh to emerge
  • Recorded cultural discoveries 1834 Charles Texier

Human Activity

  • Language isolate While Hittite is an Indo-European language, Hattic of the Hatti people who first built Hattusa is an isolate (sometimes connected to Northwest Caucasian)
  • Writing systems The Hittites used cuneiform letters. Archaeological expeditions have discovered in Hattushash entire sets of royal archives in cuneiform tablets, written either in Akkadian, the diplomatic language of the time, or in the various dialects of the Hittite confederation (wiki)

Timeline

  • Built in the 2nd Millennium BC Criterion II: Hattusha exerted dominating influence upon the civilisations of the 2nd and even the 1st millenium B.C. in Anatolia and northern Syria. (AB ev)

Trivia

WHS on Other Lists

  • Memory of the World Hattusha Cuneiform tablet archives excavated at Hattusha, now kept in the archaeological museums of Ankara and Istanbul

World Heritage Process

  • Name changes From "Hattusha" to "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital" (2006)