Anjar encompasses the ruins of a former Umayyad trading city. It was founded on a strategic location between Baalbek and Damascus.
Umayyad Caliph Walid I started its construction in 714. The city was never completed, and destroyed and abandoned already in 744.
The layout of Anjar was heavily influenced by Roman planning. Two meter thick walls contained the 114,000 square-meter city. It had forty towers and a gate. The city held over 600 shops, a Roman grid, a monumental tetrapyle, the Umayyad Palace, a mosque and a hammam.
The ruins of Anjar were only uncovered by archaeologists in 1949.
Visit April 2012
At turbulent times in recent Lebanese history, Anjar was a difficult site to visit. Even now, in the calm 2010's, the Dutch Ministry of External Affairs warns against going there. The site is located only a few kilometres from the Syrian border. It was used as a Syrian militairy base during its long involvement with the politics of neigbouring Lebanon. Everything was very quiet though when I visited in early April 2012. I guess the Syrians are too busy with themselves at the moment.
Having just visited Baalbek, Anjar comes across as a lesser example of Imperial Roman architecture. In fact it is from a much later date, the 8th century: the engineers just used a lot of Roman and Byzantine examples. The most impressive is the strict layout of the city, with a north-south and an east-west axis. At the crossroads there is a perfect example of a Tetrapylon.
The story here is that all small compartments along the axes were used as shops, hundreds of them. That would have made the city one huge shopping mall. I wonder were all the people came from who bought stuff here.
We spent about 45 minutes at Anjar archeological site (I was with a tour from Beirut). That was sufficient for me, it is mostly ruins that you can see. Besides our group of 6 a few other foreign individuals were visiting at the same time. The site is very low key: it lies on the edges of the modern village which is inhabited by Armenians. The landscape reminded me a lot of Armenia also: the mountains in the background, the agricultural fields, the simple village life.
We reached Anjar from Damascus coming from a round trip thru Syria in early April 2006. Anjar was our first WH site in Lebanon just a few miles from the Syrian border. It was particularely breathtaking seeing the snowtapped Lebanon heights forming the pitoresque background to the remains of the palace of Calif Walid.
Only 3 month later all TV news were showing the bombs on the very road we had just used. Similar barbarian acts jeopardized or even damaged the other lebanise WH sites. What a shame!
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Full name: Anjar
1984 - InscribedReasons for inscription
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Religion and Belief
- Mosque Umayyad Mosque
- Built in the 8th century Construction of the city started in 714
- Shortest WHS names 5 letters
- Lebanon hotspot Lebanon Hotspot