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Minaret of Jam

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The Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam represent the artistic creativity and mastery of structural engineering of the Ghurid civilization (1000-1220).

Jam is probably located at the site of the Ghurid dynasty's summer capital, Firuzkuh. The 12th and 13th century Ghurids controlled not only Afghanistan, but also parts of eastern Iran, Northern India and parts of Pakistan.

The 65 metre high minaret, surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400 meters, is built entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an.

The Minaret was forgotten by the outside world until rediscovered in 1886 by Sir Thomas Holdich.

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Site Info

Full name: Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam

Site History

  • 2002 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
  •  
  • 2002 - In Danger

    Lack of protection
  •  
  • 1983 - Deferred

    Deferred until receipt of necessary info
  •  

Locations

The site has 4 locations.

  • Arabic (Isl.) Inscriptions Afghanistan
  • Jewish Cemetery Afghanistan
  • Valley of Hari River including Minaret of Jam Afghanistan
  • Water Reservoir Afghanistan

Connections

The site has 14 connections.

Architecture

Constructions

Damaged

Religion and Belief

  • Jewish religion and culture Tombstones written in Hebrew, probably from a nearby Jewish cemetery, which indicate the presence of a sizable Jewish community

Timeline

Trivia

World Heritage Process