Darien National Park
Darién National Park is a protected tropical rainforest in southernmost Panama that forms a bridge between two continents. A stretch of Pacific Coast with beaches, mangroves and swamps also belongs to the designated area.
The park's fauna is rich and diverse, but still relatively unknown because of its relative inaccessibility. The most common species include avifauna such as macaw and parrot. The harpy eagle also calls this national park home, it is the world's largest population of this species. Tapir and capybara are among the frequently seen mammals.
Two major indigenous groups, the Chocó and Kuna Indians, are still living by traditional practices within the park.
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Full name: Darien National Park
1981 - InscribedReasons for inscription
The site has 23 connections. Show all
- Anteaters giant anteater, silky anteater, northern tamandua
- Bears spectacled bear
- Biological Corridor Mesoamerican Biological Corridor
- Cloud forest
- Critically endangered fauna species brown-headed spider monkey
- Crocodiles Cayman crocodile and American crocodile
- Endemic Bird Species two Endemic Bird Areas, the Darién and Urabá Lowlands below c.900m, and above this, the East Panama and Darién Highlands - at least 30 are restricted-range species (UNEP-WCMC)
- Mangroves occasional mangroves (UNEP-WCMC)
- Sloths brown-throated sloth, two-toed sloth
- Tapirs Baird's tapir
- Gold production "An important bird watching site is located in the Cana Scientific Station in the centre of the park where there was once the Espiritu Santo Gold Mine (opened as a gold mine by the Spanish, the Cana mine produced gold continuously until 1727. This mine was later reopened by the Darien Gold Mining Company and operated until 1907, producing about 4 tons of gold)."
- Natural sites with indigenous human population Choco and Kuna Indians still inhabit the park.
- Early Pleistocene Was the bridge between the two continents of the Western Hemisphere, which has emerged from below sea level on several occasions in the distant past, most recently in the early Pleistocene. (AB ev)