Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens
'Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape' comprises a fortified settlement along the Tigris River, which played an important role in many civilizations.
Its long history include Roman, Byzantine, Umayyad, Artuqid, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
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Full name: Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape
2015 - InscribedReasons for inscription
2015 - Advisory Body overruledICOMOS advised Referral, Lebanon provided amendment for inscription
The site has 17 connections. Show all
- Cultural sites damaged by fire since inscription Fatih Paşa Mosque, Dec. 7 2015
- Kurdistan Turkish Kurdistan
- Byzantine Empire and Civilization Various Byzantine incursions occurred during this period; parts of the city walls were destroyed in 899, and were reconstructed to improve the city’s defence (as documented by several Abbasid inscriptions). (AB ev)
- Ottoman Empire In 1515, after taking Amid, the Ottoman Empire further developed trade, built new public (commercial, religious and cultural) structures and contributed to the renewal of the city. The Ottoman period extended until 1922. (AB ev)
- Seljuk Empire The Seljuk Period in Diyarbakır, between 1085 and 1093, saw further repairs and reconstructions to the walls of Diyarbakır. Towers number 15, 32, 42 (now known as Malik Shah or Nur Tower), and 63 (known as Findik Tower) were constructed during this period. The inscriptions on them confirm this information. (AB ev)
- Silk Road Silk was grown in the Hevsel Gardens, contributing to the important trade from and through Diyarbakır to Aleppo (AB ev)
- Irrigation and drainage "The Anzele Spring is located in the west part of the City Walls. It provides for the water needs of many mosques in the city, houses and gardens to the Urfa Gate, powers the mills outside of Mardin Gate, and irrigates the Hevsel Gardens".
- Silk Manufacture In the Ottoman Period the Hevsel Gardens were covered entirely in Mulberry trees" (Diyarbakir Province is still a producer of silk)
Religion and Belief
- Mosque Great Mosque of Diyarbakır, and several more within the citadel
- Built in the 11th century Oldest towers and inscriptions in the city walls date from 1085-1093