Shahr-i Sokhta


Shahr-i Sokhta ("Burnt City") is an archaeological site of a Bronze Age urban settlement.

It is associated with the Jiroft culture, an "independent Bronze Age civilization with its own architecture and language", intermediate between Elam to the west and the Indus Valley Civilization to the east.

Covering an area of 151 hectares, Shahr-i Sokhta was one of the world's largest cities at the dawn of the urban era. In the western part of the site is a vast graveyard. It contains between 25,000 to 40,000 ancient graves

The settlement appeared around 3200 BC. The city had four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times before being abandoned in 2100 BC. The site was discovered and investigated by Aurel Stein in the early 1900s.


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Site Info

Full name: Shahr-i Sokhta

Site History

  • 2014 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
  • 2014 - Advisory Body overruled

    ICOMOS proposed Deferral, Malaysia & Lebanon provided Amendments to Inscribe


The site has 1 locations.

  • Shahr-i Sokhta


The site has 10 connections.



  • Cemeteries The graveyard located at the south and south-western part of the site contains 20,000-37,000 graves (AB ev)


  • Bronze Age Located at the junction of Bronze Age trade routes (AB ev)
  • Historical Food Remains During these investigations several categories of botanical remains such as cereals (grains and legumes),fruits, spices and wood were studied. (Nom File)

Human Activity

Individual People

  • Aurel Stein The site was discovered and investigated by Aurel Stein in the early 1900s. (wiki)



  • Role of Women A number of 5,000-year-old insignias, which were found in the graves of some female inhabitants, suggest that the women of the city enjoyed social and financial prominence.