Shahr-i Sokhta ("Burnt City") is an archaeological site of a Bronze Age urban settlement.
It is associated with the Jiroft culture, an "independent Bronze Age civilization with its own architecture and language", intermediate between Elam to the west and the Indus Valley Civilization to the east.
Covering an area of 151 hectares, Shahr-i Sokhta was one of the world's largest cities at the dawn of the urban era. In the western part of the site is a vast graveyard. It contains between 25,000 to 40,000 ancient graves
The settlement appeared around 3200 BC. The city had four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times before being abandoned in 2100 BC. The site was discovered and investigated by Aurel Stein in the early 1900s.
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Full name: Shahr-i Sokhta
2014 - InscribedReasons for inscription
2014 - Advisory Body overruledICOMOS proposed Deferral, Malaysia & Lebanon provided Amendments to Inscribe
The site has 10 connections.
- Cemeteries The graveyard located at the south and south-western part of the site contains 20,000-37,000 graves (AB ev)
- Aurel Stein The site was discovered and investigated by Aurel Stein in the early 1900s. (wiki)
- Built in the 4th century BC The settlement of Shahr-i Sokhta was founded c. 3200 BCE (AB ev)
- Role of Women A number of 5,000-year-old insignias, which were found in the graves of some female inhabitants, suggest that the women of the city enjoyed social and financial prominence.