Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain


The Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape is associated with Genghis Khan and the Mongolian nation as described in 'The Secret History of the Mongols'.

It is considered the most sacred mountain in Mongolia, with a fusion of Buddhist and shamanic features.


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Site Info

Full name: Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape

Site History

  • 2015 - Inscribed

    Reasons for inscription
  • 2015 - Advisory Body overruled

    ICOMOS advised referral
  • 2015 - Revision

    In final stage of nomination, locations were limited from 3 to 1 by State Party. Sacred Binder Mountain and Baldan Bereeven Monastery were omitted.


The site has 1 locations.

  • Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain


The site has 10 connections.


  • Boreal Forest / Taiga "where the vast Central Asian steppe meets the coniferous forests of the Siberian taiga"


  • Birthplaces Genghis Khan was probably born in 1162 in Delüün Boldog, near Burkhan Khaldun mountain. The mountain is closely associated with him.
  • Fusion fusion of ancient shamanic and Buddhist practices (AB ev)

Individual People

  • Genghis Khan Closely associated with his birth and burial place

Religion and Belief


  • Built in the 12th century At the end of the 12th century Chinggis Khan formally established worship of the Burkhan Khaldun Mountain, along with other sacred mountains in his empire - AB ev

WHS on Other Lists

World Heritage Process

  • Reduced from broader TWHS The TWHS also consisted of 2 other sacred locations, Sacred Binder Mountain & Baldan Bereeven Monastery, which were deleted from the nomination before ICOMOS ev